Climate change-related hazards are hitting smallholder farmers especially hard, but international climate finance is not benefitting them nearly enough. Losses and damages from extreme weather events keep increasing, as the patterns of droughts, floods and tropical storms are becoming more unpredictable. In parallel, rural livelihoods are undermined by the creeping effects of erosion, land degradation and loss of biodiversity. Faced with climate change as a threat multiplier, development organisations need to devise new financial and programming instruments to address these emerging problems.
The Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP) is a programme launched by IFAD in 2012 to channel climate and environmental finance to smallholder farmers so that they can increase their resilience. ASAP, a multi-year and multi-donor programme, received substantial financial support from the Governments of Belgium, Canada, Netherlands, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Other donor countries are appraising a contribution. The objective of ASAP is to improve the climate resilience of large-scale rural development programmes and improve the capacity of at least 8 million smallholder farmers to expand their options in a rapidly changing environment.
Through ASAP, IFAD is driving a major scaling-up of successful “multiple-benefit” approaches to increase agricultural output while simultaneously reducing vulnerability to climate-related risks and diversifying livelihoods.
Examples of ASAP-supported initiatives include:
Back to back with these multiple-benefit approaches, ASAP will empower community-based organisations to make use of new climate risk management skills, information and technologies. These can include improved weather stations networks, which can provide farmers with more reliable seasonal forecasts and cropping calendars; Geographic Information Systems can help better understand and monitor landscape use in a changing environment; and economic valuation of climate change impacts can inform more robust policy decisions.
By blending tried and tested ‘no regrets’ approaches to rural development with modern adaptation know-how, ASAP is well positioned to increase the climate resilience of IFAD’s approximately US$ 1billion per year of new investments. In doing so, ASAP embodies one of the most concrete and decisive steps a UN agency has ever undertaken to truly integrate climate change into its programming.
Vulnerability to climate change is an existential threat to poor farmers in developing regions who depend on ecosystem services for the crops they produce. The increasing frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events are exposing them to consequences that go beyond their adaptive abilities. Climate change is also testing international development organizations, which need to devise new financial and programming instruments to address this complex problem. Last year, IFAD initiated the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP), to channel climate and environmental finance to smallholder farmers so that they can access the tools and technologies that build their resilience to climate-related disasters. ASAP is finding successful approaches to encourage information and resource sharing by working through community-based institutions. Find out more about ASAP in our new animation video that illustrates climate hazards and shows what types of investments the programme will finance to prevent disastrous losses to smallholder agriculture. Using new forms of media, IFAD hopes to engage with a broad audience and communicate the importance of climate finance that reaches poor farmers.