Enabling poor rural people
to overcome poverty

Title Adivasi Rights Development Project (ARDP)

Year 2011
Organization NGOAB/Adivasi Resource Development Organization (ARDO)

Area of project implementation Bangladesh, Mymensingh, Dhobaura

IP Group Garos, Hajong, Banai and Khatriyas

Grant amount US$39,500

Project description The Project is aimed to promote the rights of language, culture, land and women & child of Ethnic Minorities. It will arrange to teach children language, songs, dances, rhymes and history of ethnic minorities. A partnership will be built between the primary schools of Garo Baptist Convention (GBC) and Catholic Parishes of Mymensingh Catholic Diocese (MCD) to run language learning activities with 10 primary schools where at least 3000 pupils study. These learning activities will also include at least 2000 children from 10 villages.
ARDO will provide advocacy, lobby and legal support to the victims of land and women & child rights violations. Necessary awareness training, seminars and day observations, will be organized to benefit 6680 individuals directly and approximately 15000 individuals indirectly. From January 2012 to December 2013, it is expected that a total of 21680 peoples will benefit from this project.

Title Integrated sustainable hill farming technology project for indigenous women

Year 2008
Organization Assistance for the Livelihood of the Origin (ALO)

IP Group Chakma, Tripura and Marma

Project area Khagrachari

Grant amount US$15,000

Project description
The project area is a hilly terrain with limited scope for diversified agriculture, where the inhabitants (primarily indigenous ethnic communities) live on marginal valley-based farming. This, apart from being insufficient for the population, has a negative impact on the environment due to the deforestation it entails.
This project aimed at promoting the socio-economic empowerment of the communities, especially of women, and advance farming technologies to create a sustainable agriculture production and improve household food security. The initiatives built on three components:  

a) Promoting community-driven development, by encouraging the active involvement of the beneficiaries and stakeholders in planning, implementation and ownership. 40 “Village Resource Management Committees” , 2 CBOs and 40 farmers groups were formed, 1 Community awareness centre was established, and coordination with other NGOs and programmes in the area was enhanced.

b) Technology transfer on sustainable hill farming: village model farms were formed in every village; 50 participants received Hill Farming Technology Transfer Training and started using the techniques learnt in their regular farming; quality seeds were distributed. This resulted in an increase in cultivable land coverage, vegetables production and consumption, organic fertilizer use, household income.

c) Promoting gender equality and women empowerment: women gained awareness of their rights, developed leadership skills and started participating in decision-making processes in the CBOs as well as at home. They also started selling their products in local markets and earning some money, thus being able to contribute to the household expenses.                  
Title Mainstreaming education through mother tongue and culture

Year 2008
Organization Centre for Indigenous Peoples Research and Development (CIPRAD)

IP Group Garo

Project area Tangail and Sherpur districts
Grant amount US$16,000

Project description
The project contributed to revive the language and culture of the Garos through the introduction and development of multilingual education in community schools and through the documentation and publication of the Garo cultural heritage. Folklore facilitators and language teachers were recruited from the community and trained. 3500 multilingual syllabus containing folklores, stories, myths, good practices and traditional songs were distributed in 50 community-based primary schools, and IP dances, as well as customs, right practices and justice systems were explained to the children. One of the important and crucial achievements of the project was the formal introduction of mother tongue education in 50 village-based schools; 3600 children had the opportunity to learn their own language and practice, and at least 80% school children have learnt numeric, names of days & months, names of birds and animals in their own language.

Effective strategies of implementing the project included: (i) follow up teaching at school level and help those teachers facing difficulties, (ii) meetings for parents and school committees about the program of multilingual project, (iii) collection of folklores from community and introducing them in the classes at gradual phase. A policy level workshop on Indigenous Peoples Language Development was held at Dhaka and two Ministers (Minister for Primary and Mass Education and the State Minister for Cultural Affairs) attended it. The goals, objectives, methodologies of the project were explained and this helped the government policy makers to understand the importance of multilingual programs in the country.

The project has instilled respect for the Garo's own language and culture and boosted the community's self-esteem.

Title Livelihood Security of Jumia (swidden people) bringing diversification in cultivation
Year 2007
Organization Community Advancement Forum (CAF)
Indigenous peoples group Jumia (swidden people)
Project area Bandarban Hill District
Grant amount US$ 26,900
Project description

The Bandarban Hill District is covered by hilly ranges. The residents of this area are called "Jumia", from the name of their primitive Jhum cultivation ("swidden"). The latter is no longer profitable to them as the soil fertility decreases and the virgin forest areas shrinks.

This project was designed to improve the socio-economic situation of the target people by ensuring their livelihood security while raising awareness for diversification of primitive cultivation.

20 farmers groups were formed and were stimulated by community motivators to be united and identify their own socio-economic structure and problems, and means of solution. The group leaders were trained to strengthen and enhance their leading capacities.

200 farmers were provided with input and training on new technology for cultivation and with the necessary financial support to invest for cultivation/gardening, such as: land preparation, weeding, mulching, manure and seedlings. In particular they were trained on ginger cultivation including horticulture development training and received ginger seeds. Moreover, through different awareness raising activities they became aware and organized regarding their rights, especially land rights.

At the end of the project the community members had become confident and close to each-other, willing to work jointly for their development. They were organized at grass-roots level under their traditional leadership, and became aware of their rights and able to manage their resources. Equal participation of women in decision making processes was ensured at all stages.


Title District level networking of Kui Communities in northern Cambodia for livelihoods development
Year 2007
Organization Organization to Promote Kui Culture (OPKC)
Indigenous peoples group Kui communities
Indigenous peoples group Chhep, Chey Sen, Rovieng, Tbeng Meanchey, and Choam Khsan districts, Preah Vihear province and Sandan and Prasath Ballang districts, Kompong Thom province
Grant amount US$21,800
Project description
Most Kui communities depend heavily on natural resources, including water, land, forestry, and fisheries. This project supported to improve the management of natural resources through training in seven districts, as well as building the capacity of Kui women to become community leaders and leaders within the networks. The design structure was grounded on four strategic pillars:

a) strengthening self-government capacity through raising awareness on indigenous peoples' rights and mainstreaming the role of women as leaders in their communities, promoting a participative approach to decision making processes and the development of their own strategies and solutions;

b) fostering economic development through the setting-up of rural financial services and the establishment of village-based seed banks;

c) improving communication through the organization of district-level meetings and the formation of district consultation institutions;

d) fostering the understanding of the targeted communities on land issues and enabling them to collectively respond to challenges related to the management of natural resources. Although the implementation area was too extended for such a small project, it represented an example of multi-sectoral community self-empowerment that could be replicated, beyond its area and with other indigenous communities.

Title The visualization way of Naxi language transmission

Year 2008
Organization Yulong Culture and Gender Research Center

IP Group Naxi

Project area Yunnan Province
Grant amount US$19,000

Project description

This project sought to preserve and promote the language of the Naxi people in Yunnan Province, which is facing a high risk of disappearance, especially among the younger generation. The project undertook a research on traditional children songs and games and produced a DVD which was then distributed to pupils. 70% of the Yulong County schools were reached by the project services. Specialized trainings were organized for the teachers, which were also provided with interactive video CD, including language games and traditional children songs. 290 pupils were directly involved in the shooting and production of the DVD, while over 10000 pupils received it. The innovative method of Naxi language promotion was appreciated both by children and parents and fostered the community pride for the traditional culture. The project also encouraged Naxi mothers to speak Naxi language with their children, and promoted women's role in the transmission of ethnic culture, thus also aiming at improving women's social position.

Title Reclaiming the Commons with Women’s Power: Eco-village development in Tribal Odisha

Year 2011
Organization Agragamee/Amasangathan

Area of project implementation India - Odisha State - (Districts - Rayagada)

IP Group Kandha Paraja & Jhodia Paraja tribe

Grant amount US$43,500
Project description The objective of the project, is to develop 2 eco-villages combining indigenous peoples’ resources with development of agro-ecological models, based on perma-culture principles, and optimization of local genetic resources. It will train women, and advocate for recognition of land rights. The development of family farms and eco-villages will check the rate of deforestation and degradation, and the plantations on commons will lead to regeneration of forest cover to provide food, livelihood and energy security in the long run. Traditional practices will be strengthened by enabling legislations, including Tribal Forest Rights Act, as well as Provisions of Panchayats, extension of Scheduled Areas Act to ensure institutional and legal sanction to lands brought under ecological use and management. Training and advocacy efforts will be taken up, to extend practice and learning to all Panchayats.

Title Promoting Culture, Human Rights & Socio-Economic Opportunities Of The Hmars

Year 2011
Organization Bible Hill Youth Club & Hill Tribes Mission Aid of India

Area of project implementation India, Tipaimukh area, Churachandpur district

IP Group Hmar indigenous hill tribes

Grant amount US$32,000

Project description The scope of the Project is to empower indigenous peoples, specifically women and youth and to protect cultural, political & socio-economic rights, by facilitating alternative livelihood means through broad-based weaving skill training and micro-enterprises formation. A Community Training & Production Centre will be set up to create a Community Revolving Fund for sustainability. The UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People; Article 2 (Human Rights), Article 11 (Cultural), Article 20 & 23 (Socio-Economic Rights), will be promoted by mobilizing other local stakeholders.

Title Building the capacity of indigenous peoples to cope, adapt or mitigate the effects of climate change on their livelihoods and environments

Year 2008
Organization Centre for Development Action (CDA)

IP Group Kisans, Kharias and Birhors

Project area Sundergarh district, Orissa

Grant amount US$15,000

Project description

This project addressed indigenous peoples' vulnerability to the effects of climate change and environmental degradation in the Sundergarh district in Orissa. Drawing on the beneficiaries' traditional knowledge in coping and mitigating the effects of climate change, the project built the capacity of the targeted communities to collectively and proactively respond to climate change related challenges. Successful demonstration of ground water recharge methods, water harvesting structures, erosion control, construction of terraces and drainage channels was undertaken, as well as training for livestock and agriculture extension, and demonstrations of eco-sanitation in local schools. Further, indigenous communities learnt to engage local administrations and authorities in order to be involved in the decision making process and express their views. The project established a committee on climate change to provide information and built indigenous capacity on the topic, benefiting 2800 people. Men and women were equally involved in Natural Resource Management groups and equally participated in capacity building programs.

The objectives (and related achievements) were to:

a) Support IP's own initiatives to develop mechanisms on how to cope, adapt or mitigate the effects of climate change on their livelihoods and environments. IP's communities were engaged in vulnerability studies and developed action plans.

b) Address legal and institutional barriers that prevent IPs from coping with climate change impact: members of IPs communities were encouraged to engage in dialogue with the local administration and government to consider the effects of climate change on their livelihoods and environments. It was decided to include mitigation measures for climate change impact in all future planning and budgeting development actions for local communities.

c) Ensure the dissemination of information on mitigation and adaptation schemes: an IP's Committee on Climate Change impact was organized and equipped to provide information, and measures were taken to build the capacity of IPs to exercise their rights to information.

d) Identify and promote best practices and lessons that could influence climate change interventions to have positive impacts on IPs: successful demonstration of ground water recharge methods, water harvesting structures, erosion control, construction of terraces and drainage channels was undertaken, as well as training for livestock and agriculture extension, and demonstrations of eco-sanitation in local schools.

e) Engage in constructive dialogue with civil society organizations, especially with IPs' organizations and sectors involved in climate change, and lobby governments, institutions, and private sector to accept and adhere to the recommendations of IP. Dialogue was effectively initiated;

f) Gender mainstreaming and women empowerment: men and women were equally involved in Natural Resource Management groups and equally participated in capacity building programs.

Title Ensuring secured livelihoods for tribal communities through sustainable management of natural resources

Year 2008
Organization Liberal Association For Movement of People (LAMP)

IP Group Kolha, Santal community

Project area Mayurbanj District, Orissa
Grant amount US$16,000

Project description
This project contributed to improve the socio-economic situation of the tribal communities in the Mayurbanj District of Orissa State, in a context where access to resources is steadily diminishing. The project benefited 500 Santals by diversifying their livelihood opportunities and building their management and organizational capacities.

The objectives of the project were:

a) to create alternative livelihoods through development of agricultural and non-agricultural activities: livelihood options were developed through land based activities such as farm ponds, community tanks, kitchen gardens and non-land based activities;

b) to strengthen the Federation of Self-Help-Groups and other institutions in preparation for taking over responsibility for continuing programmes at the local level: the federation of SHGs was trained to carry forward the programme through convergence with various government programmes and on marketing of Non-Timber forest products.

Sensitization and awareness activities were also undertaken: IEC materials and information on tribal rights were made available in the Information centre that was established. At the end of the project, 268 small and marginal farmers had an additional income thanks to the selling of different products obtained through mixed cropping. The most significant change brought by the project was that women participated in the planning, identification of land and beneficiaries and other activities, whereas before women were not involved in the decision-making processes in the area.
Title Building the capacity of the tribal community to use the Right to Information Act for solving issues related to "The Scheduled Tribes & Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act of 2006

Year 2008
Organization YOJANA

IP Group Bonda and Didai

Project area Malkangiri district in Orissa State

Grant amount US$16,000

Project description
Many IPs live in India's forest lands, but have no legal rights to them. In 2007 the Recognition of Forest Rights Act (RFRA) entered into force recognizing forest dwellers' rights, but its implementation moved slowly and the community was not able to successfully submit applications because of technical problems associated with the procedure. The project sought to build capacity and raise awareness on the RFRA and on the Right to Information Act among the Indigenous tribes of 47 villages, in order to enable them to improve their access to land and tenure security through village-level land titling. Many initiatives were deployed to this aim:

a) IEC material on the rules of the acts, all in the local Oriya language, was developed and used at the village level; among these, 4 information boards were planned at the 4 target Grampanchayats (GP) Head Quarters to display monthly progress and status of implementation.

b) A cycle rally covering 32 villages was organized, and included street plays and distribution of leaflets; it showed a good response by the villagers, who became more informed. • 47 Forest Rights Committees were formed; 5 lead members from each of them were trained on the issue of land settlement and on the procedure and preparation of annexure for each application under the RFRA, including the preparation of maps. Four GP level Task Force Units were formed and entrusted with carrying out liaison work with government departments regarding the implementation of the RFRA.

c) Two "paralegal workers" were selected from each of the 4 Task force units and started working in information collection and dissemination at the village level, supporting the individual beneficiaries in their application process, and settled conflicts in the community.

d) Twenty PRI (grassroots local self-government institutions) members from each of the 4 GPs were trained on conflict resolution (13 conflict cases at intra-community level were solved thanks to their work) and on peaceful distribution of land, and participated in the process of distribution, ensuring that land was attributed to the right persons, and the respect of women's rights.

e) Also women self-help groups were involved in the claim processes in every village, and verified that the names of both the husband and wife were recorded in the land applications.

f) Four rounds of multi stakeholders interface workshops on RFRA and RTI were conducted between the community and the Government officials, and involved media and teachers.

At the end of the project all the target IPs of the 47 villages were made aware of the provisions and procedures of the RFRA, and all the 47 FRC had land records, land maps and occupiers' lists.

Title Indigenous Jenukuruba community empowerment and natural farming for sustainable livelihood
Year 2007
Organization The Nisarga Foundation
Indigenous peoples group The Jenukuruba community of the Mysore District in Karnataka
Project area Mysore District in Karnataka
Grant amount US$22,000
Project description
This project focused on capacity-building with the promotion of natural farming in 5 tribal habitats. This initiative simultaneously provided support to preserve identity during the transition from an economy based on hunting and gathering to one based on production and the market. The project encouraged women from this tribal group to organize and become promoters of cultural identity. The executing agency succeeded in making the local population aware of many important issues for the present and future of this people: agriculture, horticulture and the breeding of small ruminants; children's education; the capacity to negotiate with agents from outside the community; community participation and leadership; land tenure; and the reproduction of native plants. A cultural centre was created in each village involved in the intervention, with the aim of recovering indigenous culture and identity.

This project, benefiting 5 tribal habitats, had 5 main objectives:

1) To create critical awareness on tribal issues: this was done through the exercise of Participatory Rural Appraisal, trainings and meetings on the 2006 Forest Rights Act and the creation of Forest Rights Committees.

2) To promote natural farming in order to achieve food security: beneficiaries were taught to farm without expensive chemical agricultural techniques, and were provided with livestock, native seeds and plants. Implementation of natural farming, land preparation, collection and treatment of seeds, herbal pesticides, land bunding (to protect the soil quality and prevent its erosion) etc were discussed in detail.

3) To organize women as the promoters of tribal cultural identity and traditional skills: training involving both women and men were organized and focused on the status of tribal women, disparity of wages, differences between indigenous and non-indigenous women, domestic violence and women trafficking. Women participated in campaigns, networks and programmes and started pursuing higher education. They also became aware of government schemes and programmes (e.g. widow pensions) and started accessing to them. The number of early marriages was reduced.

4) To support ICBOs in mobilizing government welfare and development programs in favour of indigenous communities: memorandums for the fundamental development in the villages were submitted to the departments concerned. Officials were invited for programs held in the tribal hamlets. The government started a new program "government to tribal hamlets", and the community started benefitting from government schemes and programs and building a relation with the department officials.

5) To create local, regional and national indigenous networks. The representatives of 5 gram sabhas in the project area have become members of a taluk level forum, which has been linked to a district level forum, and ultimately entered the state and national networks. Primitive Tribals' Forum at the state level has been formed wherein Nisarga Foundation and members of the community have taken part and a forum with a view to protect the culture and traditions of Primitive Tribals Groups has also been formed at the national level.

The intervention of the project has created awareness about the rights of IPs over their land and natural resources. It made them realize the importance of their language and culture and feel a sense of dignity in expressing their cultural identities. They have been convinced that education is an essential tool for community development; 90% of the total children are now in school or early care centres.

Title Participatory learning, institutional design and collective action
Year 2007
Organization The Raigarh Ambikapur Health Association (RAHA)
Indigenous peoples group Oraon tribe
Project area Four districts of northern Chhattisgarh in central India
Grant amount US$25,000
Project description
Focusing on the area of capacity –building this project supported indigenous peoples' efforts to come together in participatory learning, institutional design and collective action through the facilitation of Participatory Learning Action (PLA) exercises and analysis at the village level. The residents of 20 villages selected two representatives each, who were trained in simple PRA tools and principles of institutional design and collective action, and subsequently returned to their villages and initiated a process of participatory learning. Through this process the project beneficiaries acquired the ability to organise around common problems, drafting purposeful activity models to solve them while determining the requisite resources, the capital and the operation, maintenance, infrastructure and coordination costs.

The Participatory learning exercises were successful in initiating discussions on the problems of the village. Further, the services and opportunity map, the social map, and the seasonality calendar were very empowering, and the latter enabled the villagers to know exactly their financial positions and consequently to save money for the months when they have no income. Various collective activities were undertaken, such as organic farming and fishery, building of a drinking water facility, organizing a ferry service and small businesses, and there was a distinct visible sense of pride in the work that the villagers undertook together.

The most significant changes were seen in the villagers' awakened interest in community self-organization, as proved by the broad participation in workshops and meetings. The participants also strengthened their self-confidence: now they know they can organize themselves and do something together for their own development.

Title Revival and revitalization of the historical heritage and cultural identity of the Santals in Jharkhand and adjacent state of West Bengal
Year 2007
Organisation All India Santal Welfare and Cultural Society (AISWACS)
Indigenous peoples group Santal Tribal communities
Indigenous peoples group Jharkhand and West Bengal
Grant amount US$25,500
Project description
Adivasi communities have a rich history, culture and mythology, which is handed down from generation to generation. This project aimed at reinvigorating and promoting the cultural roots of historical heritage of the Adivasis as part of their present day identity, by conducting research and developing printed and audio-visual electronic media. It contributed to raise critical awareness on Adivasi culture and history among Adivasi and non-Adivasi communities, while developing the ability of villagers to critically analyse and identify their own historical and cultural heritage, unmask myth-based superstition and politically motivated distortion of history.

A 10 days' workshop on capacity building of district level facilitators was conducted and a large public gathering was organized at Balurghat city, the headquarter of Dakshin Dinajpur district of West Bengal, to discuss about self-governance, culturally appropriate education to be imparted through mother tongue, cultural decolonization and land alienation, and a Demand charter was formulated and submitted to the district magistrate. A campaign on cultural and historical heritage was also organized, including a Heritage Rally and Public Demonstration event and workshops on popular theatre.
Title Mapping and spatial planning of the management area of Tana Ai traditional community located in and around Egon Ilimedo and Wuko Lewoloro forest areas, Sikka District, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia

Year 2008
Organization Jaringan Kerja Pemetaan Partisipatif  (JKPP) (Indonesian Community Mapping Network)

IP Group Tana Ai

Project area Egon Ilimedo and Wuko Lewoloro forest areas

Grant amount US$25,000

Project description

This project empowered the targeted communities to collectively resolve conflicts over traditional land and resource management, benefiting 11730 people. The recipients were capacitated on land rights issues and produced 14 maps reporting the outlines of indigenous people's lands to be used to advocate for the lands and open the dialogue with the authorities. Communities are now aware of their rights and provided with the necessary instruments, namely clarity on boundaries and maps, to carry on the process of negotiation and to claim for the recognition of their land rights.

Lao People's Democratic Republic
Title Indigenous Families Life Skills Project

Year 2011
Organization Community Association for Mobilising Knowledge in Development

Area of project implementation 14 indigenous villages in Houayxay and Phaoudom districts, Bokeo Province, Lao PDR

IP Group Khmu and Hmong

Grant amount US$39,500

Project description The project goal is to improve the quality of life of indigenous village women and their families in 14 targeted villages of the Bokeo province by increasing their capacity and confidence through advocacy activities for protection of rights and improvement of livelihoods. The project will undertake awareness raising, leadership training, support nursery establishments and management of NFTP, construct a field station and strengthen CAMKID. It includes a Community Life School designed to fit in with the local culture, strongly participatory and particularly focused on women.

Title Indigenous knowledge conservation and promotion project

Year 2008
Organization Community Knowledge Support Association (CKSA)

IP Group Akha

Project area Louang Namtha Province

Grant amount US$21,000

Project description
This project contributed to strengthen and preserve indigenous peoples' knowledge in Louang Namtha Province. The project benefited 739 Akhas by supporting the preservation of their traditional knowledge while attempting to address market demands coming from the nearby Chinese border. It promoted sustainable livelihood through the cultivation of traditional indigenous plants, whose high nutritional value is an important resource in local diet. In the three targeted villages traditional plants were collected and documented and the information gathered resulted in the publication of a booklet which was then widely distributed in the area. A Committee authority to preserve traditional plant seeds and villagers groups were created. A study trip for learning and exchanging experience regarding the plant seed, plants and natural resources management was also organized and involved both the Akha committee authority and the leaders of the villagers groups.


Title Bario Radio

Year 2008
Organization E-Bario Sdn Bhd

IP Group The Kelabit, Penan, Lun Bawan, and Sa'ban

Project area North-central Borneo

Grant amount US$20,000

Project description
This project contributed to empower the indigenous peoples located in Sarawak and Sabah in Malaysia, and in Kalimantan in Indonesia, through the establishment of a community radio station that will disseminate information and awareness-raising services to the entire island. The community radio station focuses on the needs of the target groups and serves as a tool in addressing social exclusion, promoting community development, encouraging cultural and linguistic sustainability, increasing education and training opportunities for local people, and increasing the reach and exchange of local information throughout the target area.

No policies for community radio were in place before this project and no community radio station existed in Malaysia. E-Bario was awarded Malaysia's first ever license for a community radio station: the application triggered a policy-change by the Malaysian government. Following this successful achievement, IFAD up-scaled the project through a larger grant of USD 100,000 to the University Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), to implement follow-up activities under the project Indigenous Technological Innovation in Malaysia: Reducing vulnerability and marginalisation among Malaysia's Indigenous Peoples

This new project aims to organise further national dialogue between relevant stakeholders and the government to promote the concept of community radio among Malaysia's Indigenous Peoples and to consolidate and strengthen the government's licensing policy stance. Moreover, under the new grant E-Bario promoted the use of ICTs within Malaysia and among Asia's Indigenous Peoples by bringing together other IPAF Asian partners at the Third E-Bario Knowledge Fair.

Title Improved livelihood of Tsaatan through biotechnological method
Year 2007
Organization Thenkhleg Khugjil Organization
Indigenous peoples group Tsaatan community
Project area Tsagaannnuur soum of Khuvsgul aimag
Grant amount US$17,900
Project description
The life of the Tsaatan community in Mongolia is culturally and economically tied to the health of their some 859 reindeers. This project improved the livelihood of the 44 Tsaatan families through the amelioration of breeding and an increased number of reindeer. The project team provided regular veterinary service and the biotechnology for improving the breed, with an estimated success rate of at least 75 to 80 per cent. The first artificial insemination for reindeer in Mongolia was conducted within the framework of the project. In order to ensure the future sustainability of the outcomes after the completion of the project, 2 herders from each taiga were trained as assistant veterinarians, thus they could keep providing elementary veterinary inspections and necessary treatment and preventive actions for the reindeers.

The main results and outcomes of the projects were:

a) Better health and breeding of reindeer stock (through regular veterinary inspections and preventive measures);

b) Increased community participation (through capacity building, group activities and continuous participatory monitoring and evaluation activities, as well as advice provided on risk management, contingency planning and pasture management);

c) Better livelihood and more self-reliance of reindeer herders.
Title Empowering Tharu by Promoting Cultural Values

Year 2011
Organization New Resource Mobilization Center

Area of project implementation Saundiyar, Dharna, Dhikpur, Duruwa, Laxmpur, Rampur, Narayanpur, Manpur, Urahari, Uakali, Hapur, Bajuri, Halower, Phulbari, Ghorahi

IP Group Tharu

Grant amount US$46,000

Project description This project aims to support Tharu systems and cultural traditions by highlighting sustainability, peace, and prosperity, both within and outside the community. It aims to:

  • strengthen the tribal governmental system (Mathau system);
  • building strategic alliances with formal government systems;
  • promoting the cultural arts through dance, music and video, and
  • empowering women through strategic income generation programmes which support environmental and cultural sustainability.

Title Chepang community incentives for sustainable livelihoods

Year 2008

Organization Centre for Rural Resource Promotion, CRP Nepal

IP Group Chepang

Project area Makwanpur District

Grant amount US$15,500
Project description
This project contributed to the empowerment of the Chepang indigenous community in Nepal, especially women and deprived members, whose access to productive resources is low and who rely heavily on natural resources to sustain their livelihoods. Main project objectives and outputs:

a) To support community development by way of group formation, literacy education and awareness programmes on health and hygiene. An orientation workshop and a workshop on health, hygiene and sanitation were conducted. Three groups were formed and savings were collected in each of the groups. Literacy education classes were conducted for 48 participants and in the end 19 participants were able to read and write. Toilets and goat shades were constructed in 55 participant households and a toilet was constructed at a local school.

b) To provide food and nutritional supplements through fruit and vegetable farming. Seeds of different vegetables and fruits were distributed and planted by the households, who became able to grow and consume them even in dry season.

c) To contribute to increased household income. Goat raising was carried out by 55 households. Some of the households started selling goats as well as vegetables from their kitchen gardens.

d) To support afforestation and environmental management . Tree plantation was carried out in and around the proposed project area. Improved cooking stoves, which consume lesser firewood and also emit less smoke, were installed in 55 households.

e) To support Gender Mainstreaming and Women Empowerment. Women were involved in each of the groups, and their participation in trainings and workshops as well as literacy education classes was encouraged.

The main outcomes of the projects were: improved sanitation, improved food security and nutrition and improved capacity of collecting savings, which were mobilized within the groups.
Title Promotion of indigenous peoples' rights in the Constitution-making process
Year 2008
Organization Kirat Yakthung Chumlung

IP Group Limbu

Project area Eastern part of Nepal, also known as traditional homeland of Limbu indigenous peoples (61 villages of nine districts viz Taplejung, Panthar, Ilam, Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Dhankuta, Terhthum and Sankhuwasabha).

Grant amount US$16,000

Project description
This project contributed to empower the Limbu indigenous people through awareness-raising and capacity-building, with the long-term goal of establishing Limbuwan autonomy and incorporating indigenous peoples' rights in the new constitution of Nepal. The project organised advocacy and lobbying activities such as organizing a consultation workshop, network formation and an interactive programme with political leaders. Further, it provided training on international instruments such as the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and ILO Convention 169, and on social inclusion, constitution making, federalism, autonomy and right to self-determination. Pressure groups formed by Limbu pressurised the government and the constituent assembly by means of performing their traditional musical instruments while official meetings were being held. They submitted to the thematic committees of the Constituent Assembly their concerns and suggestions through position papers prepared on the basis of UNDRIP and ILO 169.

28 women were trained on leadership and legal literacy and started holding decision making positions; 18 women pressure groups were formed and worked for the inclusion of indigenous women's rights in the new constitution; they actively participated in the workshops, in the interactions and in the movement for the establishment of Limbuwan autonomy.

The project led to the inclusion of Limbuwan province in a concept paper and preliminary draft prepared by the Committee on State Restructuring and Distribution of State Power and submitted to the Constituent Assembly; the Committee for Determining the Structure of Constitutional Bodies proposed a commission on IPs' rights as a constitutional body; political parties started including in their agenda the issue of Limbuwan autonomy. Moreover, other IPs of Nepal fighting for establishing their respective autonomy in their territories have taken from the Limbuwan movement a source of inspiration to launch their own activities.


Title Sustainable livelihoods and indigenous cultural preservation project for Brahui tribes

Year 2008

Organization Participatory Development Initiatives [PDI]

IP Group Brahui

IP Group Balochistan

Grant amount US$15,000

Project description
This project had a two-fold objective: (a) to empower Brahui women through training and marketing of indigenous embroidery; and (b). to promote the threatened Brahui language and preserve Brahui traditional cultural heritage and folklore.

As for the first objective, the project mobilized 230 women living in 10 villages by providing them technical and marketing skills to produce and sell traditional Brahui embroideries. The implementation was grounded on the creation of a community organization (CO) in each target village. Every CO identified an "embroidery centre", that is a room arranged as handcrafting facility. Then, to sell the handcrafts produced by 10 embroidery centres, a well-structured marketing strategy was implemented and outlets were established in the surrounding area. The local women were empowered to enhance their livelihood opportunities as well as to improve their social condition, by gaining respect within the community and self-confidence. A behavioural change in the males of the community was registered, and men built their trust that women can economically support families, thus also resulting in a greater participation of women in their household decision making.

As part of the second objective, the project included the collection and publication of folk stories and poetry, the production of the first ever CD on the Brahui Tribal Folk Songs and the publication of an alphabet book with the indigenous words of Barhui tribe; in addition, a Grand Conference on the importance of Mother Language in Child Education was organized.
Title Indigenous people on-farm livelihoods. through entrepreneurial development of honey beekeeping for household structures in Kalash

Year 2008
Organization Hashoo Foundation

IP Group Kalash

Project area Chitral

Grant amount US$15,000

Project description
The project focused on enhancing the economic situation of the Kalash in Chitral through training and capacity-building in honey beekeeping and marketing. It provided opportunities for households to generate income locally in order to sustain their families' livelihoods. Eighty people were trained in honeybee farming, modern management practices for improved beekeeping, more efficient honey extraction methods, and improved marketing systems to increase revenues. Four Honey Bee associations were formed to facilitate training, management and the collection/sales mechanism of honey. The honey was branded, hygienically packed and sent to local markets, where the demand for this product was extremely high. Unfortunately, the heavy rains and floods that struck Pakistan during the project implementation damaged or destroyed many bee hives, sensibly reducing the opportunities to collect honey. However, the income of trained bee keepers increased up to 20%, leading to an increase by 30% in school enrolment, a 3% reduction in malnutrition and a 100% increase in social gathering.
Papua New Guinea
Title Cultivation and production of edible and medicinal mushrooms

Year 2011
Organization The University of Goroka

Area of project implementation Papua New Guinea, Eastern Highlands Province.

IP Group Kiovi Tribe

Grant amount US$47,000

Project description The main objective of this project is to support the tribal community into being self-reliant through sustainable utilization of their bio-resources and conservation of their forests and tribal heritage. The University, through its Centre for Natural Resources and Development (CNRRD), will undertake training and skills transfer on the development of pure culture of indigenous strains of edible and medicinal mushroom species, preparation of inoculums and how to transfer these onto appropriate substrates, how to control humidity and temperature, post-harvest handling, and market research. The anticipated result is that the community participants will be able to grow a sufficient amount of mushrooms for their consumption and for the market. They will be able to send their children to school, access health care services, pay for food and clothes and in general improve the living standard in the village.


Title Enhancing the Practice of Indigenous Knowledge in Support of Socio-economic Survival of Indigenous Women in the Urban Setting

Year 2011
Organization Cordillera Women’s Education Action Research Center, Inc.

Area of project implementation Sadanga Village, Saclit village and San Luis Extention in Baguio in the Cordillera region, Philippines

IP Group Igorot women who are originally from the interior villages of Sadanga and Bontoc in the Mountain Province

Grant amount US$40,000
Project description The project intends to enhance the practice of indigenous knowledge among indigenous women in poor urban communities in support of their economic survival in the context of a diminishing practice in the urban setting. Using the indigenous knowledge of ayyew and ubbo/ugfo/innabuyog, indigenous households in poor urban communities, contribute in reducing waste through a cooperative waste management with the aid of vermin-culture. This supports the traditional practice of indigenous households in using every space of the land, even stone walls, productive for vegetables, medicinal herbs and root crops. Further, the project will be used for advocacy on viable self-driven development of indigenous women and their households of a community-based waste management, whilst increasing their food sources with the practice of indigenous knowledge. Ultimately, the project will contribute in strengthening indigenous women in poor urban communities and advance their socio-economic, political and cultural status.


Title Empowerment of the Mangyan Indigenous Peoples for the Defence, Promotion and Advancement of IP Rights and Cultures

Year 2011
Organization HAGIBBAT- (Hanunuo, Alangan, Gubatnon, Iraya, Buhid, Bangon, Tadyawan) - MANGYAN MINDORO

Area of project implementation Mindor Oriental and Mindoro Occidental, Philippines

IP Group Mangyan Indigenous peoples comprising of seven tribes

Grant amount US$36,500

Project description The Project primarily aims to strengthen the capabilities and capacities of the inter-tribal Indigenous Peoples Rights Watch and the Indigenous Peoples Rights Committees, in each of the seven tribal organizations by building local organizational and community capacities and mechanisms to defend Human Rights and Indigenous Peoples Rights. These are addressed through a series of education-campaign and training development on Indigenous Peoples Rights issues and policies and human rights cases documentation, monitoring and reporting. Advocacy and networking will also be carried out as integral strategies to serve as venues of information and support building for the advancement of IP rights and promote greater understanding on the Mangyan Indigenous Peoples’ plight, customary laws and indigenous worldviews on land, life and rights.

Title Training indigenous peoples' organizations in the promotion and implementation of indigenous peoples' rights and the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

Year 2008
Organization SILDAP - Southeastern Mindanao

IP Group Mandaya, Mansaka, Dibabawon, Mangguangan and Ata –Manobo

Project area Davao Del Norte, Compostela Valley and Davao Oriental
Grant amount US$23,000

Project description
The project contributed to empower indigenous peoples to find solutions to the challenges they are facing as a result of resource alienation induced by the entry of extractive industries, banana plantations and hydropower corporations without their free and prior informed consent. To this aim, 15 Indigenous Organisations were provided with legal training and capacitated in advocacy and lobby.

As for the paralegal training, the participants were made aware of the implementation of the Comprehensive Agreements on the Respect on Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law by the Philippines Government, as well as of the local mechanisms in monitoring human rights violations developed by indigenous peoples. IPs' communities were also assisted to understand legal processes and systems. As for the advocacy and lobbying, a workshop was organized and through it the participants learned the importance of advocacy work and the role of the international community. They became equipped with basic skills on negotiations, how to make a campaign plan, media work, networking, lobbying and advocacy.

The 15 communities became aware of their rights, realized the importance of strengthening their traditional organizations, customary laws and governance and became more assertive with their rights on their ancestral domain and resources. They started asking the local government to go through the Free and Prior Informed Consent process in all decisions affecting the communities. The beneficiaries of the project started replicating IP Rights training in the nearby communities.
Title A capacity-building programme to advance indigenous people's human rights

Year 2008
Organization TUMANDUK, (Indigenous Farmers in Defense af Land and Life)


Project area Municipality of Tapaz, Capiz, Panay Island
Grant amount US$20,000

Project description
This project utilized community-based education and training programmes to improve the capacity of TUMANDUK to effectively address human rights violations. Two people from each local community and two youth representatives were selected to become human rights workers: they were trained to become leaders and facilitators for conducting human rights training, human rights monitors and human rights educators at the community level.

Another objective of the project was to set-up and implement a mechanism where human rights would be protected and violators reported before the court of law: barangay-level and municipal level human rights committees were set up to serve as the mechanism in monitoring, documenting and reporting of human rights violations.

This project marked the empowerment of the Tumanduk people who started taking into their own hands the responsibility of protecting their human rights. In order to ensure continuity in addressing human rights violations, the project promoted the establishment of a human rights committee from community to municipal level to serve as a monitoring, documenting and reporting body.
Title Live and let live: The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: A mobile theatre-forum      

Year 2008
Organization Dap-ayan ti Kultura iti Kordilyera (DKK)

IP Group Kankana-ey, Ibaloi, Bontoc, Kalinga  and more

Project area Cordillera region
Grant amount US$17,652

Project description
The project adopted an innovative approach to raise awareness on indigenous peoples rights through a mobile theatre. The main activity undertaken under this project was a theatre-forum consisting in performances of indigenous cultural expressions in the vernacular, with music, dance and realistic drama followed by community discussions. This mobile theatre promoted the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples among 8 indigenous communities and 3 universities in the Cordillera region. It unfolded the dramatic events in the life of indigenous peoples worldwide (operations of large scale mining, dams and militarization) and presented their rights, making the UNDRIP relevant to their issues on land rights and the protection of natural ecosystems and their culture. The performances mobilized more than 2700 audience participants in eight communities and three universities over the Cordillera region. People in the area familiarized with the issue of indigenous people rights and learnt about problems IPs face. Additionally the cast became so knowledgeable about the UNDRIP and so involved in the issue that now some of them have become IP community workers and youth organizers.
Title A Study on the Giant Earthworm and its Impact to the Survival of the Cordillera Rice Terraces
Year 2007
Organization Montanosa Research and Development Center, Inc. (MRDC)
Indigenous peoples group The Indigenous Peasants
Project area Cordillera Region
Grant amount US$ 22,800
Project description
The Banaue rice terraces, a Unesco world heritage site, are one of the world's finest examples of their kind. One of the recent phenomena affecting rice production in the terraces is the occurrence of the giant earthworms into the rice terraces walls, which cause erosion of the rice lands, water seepage (hence the drying up of rice ponds) and a decrease in food supply. Rice terraces are considered a basic foundation of food security and a priceless ancestral legacy for the Indigenous Peoples of the region: they are inherent to their way of life and losing them would also mean losing their identity as a group. Rehabilitation of eroded terraces is labour intensive and very expensive; many affected peasants cannot afford this and have opted to shift from rice farming to other livelihood activities like wage or seasonal labour, driving vehicles, etc.

This project studied indigenous and alternative pest management systems to control the giant earthworm infestation, save the rice terraces from destruction, increase rice production and strengthen cultural bondage of the people to their ancestral domains. In order to realize these objectives, the project undertook researches and chemical analysis of botanical resources, and organized a regional workshop. In the end it was able to:

a) Identify botanical resources that can effectively control the earthworm;

b) Facilitate the exchange of knowledge, resulting to the broadening of understanding on natural pest control, and on the need for ecological balance;

c) Serve as educational venue for awareness raising on challenges such as climate change and endangered biodiversity;

d) Increase appreciation of the indigenous farmers of their own positive and exemplary practices on natural resource management and the need to sustain and develop these
Title Capacity building for indigenous communities through alternative health care delivery systems
Year 2007
Organization Dapon Indigenous Peoples Centre, Incorporated
Indigenous peoples group Ifugao, Kalanguya, Ibaloi, Kankanaey and Bugkalot
Project area Municipality of Kasibu covering Didipio, Muta, and Malabing Valleys. Nueva Vizcaya
Grant amount US$25,000
Project description
Nueva Vizcaya is a province located in the North of the Philippines, a region known for its large and diverse indigenous population. This project empowered indigenous communities by providing basic health services, health skills and development trainings to local residents, using appropriate indigenous knowledge as a starting point and integrating it with western practices of medicine, as well as oriental healing modalities.

75 health workers coming from different communities were trained and enhanced their capabilities to conduct alternative health care. They attended a basic health orientation course which increased their awareness on the root causes of health problems and their understanding of the basic concepts of health, anatomy and physiology of a human being. They learnt the use of different basic health care instruments such as the thermometer, sphygmomanometer, stethoscope, and received training on Tui Na Massage, acupuncture, herbal processing. Health workers started to use the skills learnt to address health problems in the community and organized into a federation in order to strengthen the alternative health organization of community workers.

Another outcome of the project was the acquainted knowledge of the indigenous peoples basic rights; the beneficiaries became aware of the UNDRIP, in particular of article 24 that states " Indigenous Peoples have the right to their traditional medicines and to maintain their health practices, including the conservation of their vital medicinal plants, animals and minerals. Indigenous individuals also have the right to access, without any discrimination, to all social and health services".
Solomon Island
Title Mangrove Rehablitation for Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation

Year 2011
Organization Aoke Langanga Constituency Apex Association (ALCAA)

Area of project implementation SOLOMO ISLAND


Grant amount US$40,000

Project description Langa Langa Lagoon had people being known as the salt water people. This identity gained from ancestor and parent due to their close links to the sea, island and all the natural resources. This people have their own rule and regulation on how to wisely use their natural resources and protect them. The project will aim to revive and enhance the ecosystem and services the mangrove forest can provide for the livelihood in the Lango Lango Lagoon through education and awareness and implementing activities which will foster adaptation and mitigation for the climate change impact on the island.

Title Increasing Community Resilience to Natural Disasters through the Use of Traditional Coping Strategies on the Weather Coast Guadalcanal Communities in the Solomon Islands
Year 2007
Organization International Solomon Island Development Trust (SIDT)
Indigenous people group Babanakira and Kolina communities
Grant amount US$19,000
Project description
A number of communities in the Solomon Island face threats to natural disaster such as volcanic eruptions, droughts, tsunamis, earthquakes, cyclones, floods and serious wave erosion. All have been struck by at least one of these threats in the last decade. The occurrence of accelerated climate change with its expected impact on disasters has added a new dimension to the discussions and the approach to disaster management activities in the region. This project was designed to promote the integration and documentation of indigenous knowledge and practices in disaster risk reduction by collecting and establishing a base line data. The project began a participatory planning process and developed a community-based disaster management plan that would foster self-reliance before, during and after. The results achieved include: the compilation of preliminary information on traditional response mechanisms; the recording of village-level background information that could be used by the National Disaster Management Office; the transmission to villagers of information produced by this institution regarding these issues; and the production by the villagers, with guidance from Solomon Island Development Trust instructors, of a draft manual incorporating traditional prevention and proactive response knowledge and practices to cope with natural and man-made disasters. A video was also produced, recording the work carried out by the communities.

Viet Nam
Title Améliorer Le Revenu des Ménages A travers Le développement et la conservation de Kaki sans pépin de Bac Kan
Year 2007
Organisation Association scientifique pour le développement rural du Viet Nam (PHANO)
Indigenous peoples group Indigenous Farming communities
Project area District of Cho Don, Province de Bac Kan
Grant amount US$20,000
Project description
Persimmon farming is the livelihood basis for the indigenous farmers of the Cho Don district. This project focused on the area of agriculture, providing training in biodiversity and management. The NGO PHANO and an indigenous peoples' organization (IPO) worked together to explore biodiversity resources with the aim of contributing to the sustainable socio-economic development of the addressed indigenous peoples. Local farmers were enabled to increase their harvest and improve its quality by diversifying the production and adopting sustainable techniques of cultivation. Beneficiaries were then linked to consumers associations to expand their business. Additionally, they were empowered to understand the institutional and legal framework of their action as farmers in order to be able to recognize their rights and obligations