Annex summarises 34 methods you might find useful for specific M&E
tasks. For ease of use, the methods have been grouped in seven categories:
methods (for groups)
for spatially-distributed information
for time-based patterns of change
for analysing linkages and relationships
for ranking and prioritising.
method is briefly explained in terms of purpose, steps and application
tips. As these methods are only brief descriptions from longer texts,
please refer to the original texts for additional information (see
Further Reading). Note that each method can be adapted and mixed
with other methods to suit your needs. See Section
6 for more thoughts on information gathering and management.
can also create your own methods. For instance, in Zambia, staff
of a drinking water project launched an essay contest in different
high schools in order to understand youths perceptions and assessment
of the project. This method ended up providing information that
was not being obtained by other means. The essays revealed that,
in many cases, children were being asked to help dig wells to satisfy
the projects volunteer labour quota demand. This prevented them
from attending school, an effect that was not intended by the project.
With this information, staff were able to rethink how to organise
project implementation to avoid this negative effect.
method can be used in two ways to understand change.
1. It can be applied regularly, as a monitoring sequence, to
gain insight into trends. This requires creating a starting point,
or "baseline" of data (see Section
5.5). Subsequent applications of the method can be compared
to the baseline to identify change and try to understand its causes.
2. It can be used retrospectively to inquire about change in the
project area. This option takes the current situation as the starting
point and asks people to describe how the situation used to be,
for example, three years ago. While it does not make use of an independently
assessed baseline it does aim to compare changes over time. Because
it relies on peoples memory, this use is only appropriate if you
do not need high levels of proven precision for the data.