The Pacific Ocean is scattered with hundreds of islands facing the impact of climate change. But one place particularly affected is Kiribati, an island state formed by 33 narrow strips of land barely above sea level. There the threat of sea level rise has become so urgent that the nation’s president is sounding the alarm for his people.
But with challenge comes opportunity. IFAD is part of a plan to develop short term solutions that aim to slow the impact of climate change, not just for the poorest villagers in Kiribati, but for other nations too.
Food security in Eritrea
Nearly 40 years ago, the women of Eritrea fought on the front lines of their country’s war of independence and became pioneers in the African women’s liberation movement. Since the war ended in 1991, new laws have been passed granting Eritrean women the right to vote, own land and work in any job they choose. But in rural communities, women’s liberation is a war still being fought – except now volatile global food prices are bringing attention to the biases and burdens women endure and the critical role they play in ensuring Eritrea’s food security.
Gender in Agriculture
Listen to an interview with Ms Annina Lubbock by Radio Vaticana on the role of rural women in the fight against poverty and on the Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook. This 20 minute interview was broadcast on 6 November.
Most of the world’s poorest people are farmers living in isolated rural areas and in some parts of Africa many of those farmers also lack public services including communication technology.
But in Tanzania that trend is changing. Increasingly modern communication technologies, such as the Internet and mobile phones, are reaching the countryside and in towns like Magugu, they’ve given poor farmers the tools they need to earn more money.
Troubled Waters in Jordan
Water is essential to the well-being of communities and countries. Yet millions of people around the world, especially in the Middle East, do not have enough water to meet their most basic needs for drinking and growing food.
In Jordan, for example, drought and chronic water shortages now threaten to turn the whole kingdom into desert and the search is on to find radically more efficient ways of using water.
Fishermen’s Futures in Yemen
Yemen, on the Southern Arabian Peninsula is one of the world’s poorest nations. Much of the country is an uninhabitable desert and according to a recent World Bank report 43 per cent of the population live below the poverty level of two US dollar a day.
But while Yemen may be poor, it borders on one of the richest fisheries in the world - the Arabian Sea - and now, thanks to an innovative project supported by the UN agency IFAD, fishing may provide the lifeline many in the region so desperately need.
2005 Elections in Burundi
Earlier this year (2005), Burundians took a giant step toward peace when they voted overwhelmingly for a constitution designed to share power and put an end to war.
In a few weeks, they’ll be voting again…this time to elect a new government. The election promises a new era of democracy. Yet for most Burundians, the coming vote stirs up bad memories and fears of renewed conflict.
Remittances represent the money that migrant workers regularly send home to their families. Although individual amounts range from $50 to $200 US a month, worldwide it’s estimated that the total volume of remittances adds up to 200 billion US dollars a year.
For many poor countries remittances now represent a large portion of GDP. And while they go a long way to paying for food, medicines and school fees in poor households … until recently the potential for a larger economic impact was lost.
Audio reports are available free to broadcasters.