In IFAD, grants have always been a key instrument to eradicate rural poverty. Since 1978 IFAD has committed approximately US$919 million in grants to support research-for-development and capacity-building programmes. Through these programmes IFAD has been able to test and disseminate new pro-poor agricultural technologies; develop new organizational approaches at the community level and beyond and influence policies. Through its support to the global agricultural research system, IFAD has succeeded in drawing attention to the priority concerns of poor rural people. It has also furthered understanding of the difficulties faced by people who live in poor rural areas and who produce traditional crops and commodities under adverse conditions. IFAD grant projects are either implemented in one specific country, at a regional or at the international scale.