Ethiopia Country Programme Evaluation
Country Programme Evaluation
This is the second country programme evaluation conducted by Independent Office of Evaluation in Ethiopia and it covers eight years of IFAD's operations (2007-2015) in the country. Since 1980, IFAD has provided US$473 million to finance 17 projects with a total cost of more than US$1.2 billion. Over the last few years, IFAD has been one of Ethiopia's major development partners in areas such as small-scale irrigation, rural finance, natural resources management and support to the development of pastoral communities. Overall, portfolio performance has been satisfactory, with good achievements in human and social capital and good alignment with the Government's decentralization policy. Sustainability, scaling up and gender were also satisfactory. Areas that need to be improve include policy dialogue and impact on institutions and policies. Weak monitoring and evaluation hinders evidence-based policy engagement. Finally, the CPE found that the country programme spreads too thinly over many thematic areas, and recommended that IFAD should focus on thematic areas where has a comparative advantage, such as small-scale irrigation, rural finance and pastoral community development. The CPE also recommends using a longer-term programmatic approach to lending, based on good experiences in the past, and greater focus on non-lending services.
Turkey Country Programme Evaluation
Over the last 30 years, IFAD has supported 10 projects in Turkey for a total of cost of US$661.1 million, of which IFAD has provided $189 million. Activities have directly benefited 1.3 million households. The geographical focus has been on the poorer and disadvantaged regions and provinces of the country. The evaluation highlights that the long-standing partnership between IFAD and the government of Turkey is strategically important to both. Beyond IFAD's financing role, there has been demand for IFAD to be a more active player in sharing its technical expertise and international knowledge and experience, as a way to enrich the partnership, especially in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in Turkey. The IFAD-funded projects have helped improve the incomes and quality of life of the rural poor through development of rural infrastructure; made advances in increasing agricultural productivity and supporting commercialization; and achieved modest gains in rural employment and self-sustaining institutions of the rural poor. However, despite continued government support, the evaluation found that the scope for sustainability of interventions was limited by weak operation and maintenance arrangements in infrastructure and insufficient collaboration with the rural financial sector.
Bangladesh Country Programme Evaluation
This is the third evaluation of IFAD's country programme in Bangladesh undertaken by the Independent Office of Evaluation. Bangladesh is among the top three recipients of IFAD funding in the Asia and the Pacific region. Since 1979, IFAD has financed 31 projects in the country for a total project cost of US$1.9 billion, of which US$717.2 million are attributed to IFAD. The evaluation found that, overall, the portfolio demonstrated having a positive impact on rural poverty alleviation, in particular with respect to increases in rural household income and assets in project areas, as well as improvements in productivity. This was generated, in particular, from on-farm activities facilitated by the combination of microcredit/seasonal agricultural credit, adoption of improved production and management techniques, marketing support linking with supply/value chain, infrastructure development and in particular to the promotion of gender equality and women's empowerment. Knowledge management is still one weak link of the Bangladesh country programme. Despite recent progress, lessons learned are not systematically captured and shared, resulting in little awareness of IFAD's rich country, regional and global knowledge in Bangladesh. Partnership at the operational level with institutions and key counterpart departments is strong, but did not succeed in harnessing a secured constituency at a strategic policy level.
United Republic of Tanzania Country Programme Evaluation
This country programme evaluation is the second one carried out in the United Republic of Tanzania by the Independent Office of Evaluation of IFAD. It covers the partnership between IFAD and the Government from 2004 to 2014.
The stronger case of effectiveness and impact has been the support to the Agricultural Sector Development Programme (ASDP) in the mainland and, even more, in Zanzibar. In line with national decentralizations policies, local government authorities, particularly districts, were the actual "implementers" of the programme. ASDP introduced a more participatory, "bottom-up" system for preparing local agricultural development plans.
Non-lending activities such as knowledge management, partnership development and policy dialogue have been developed only to a limited extent. On the positive side, partnerships with the Government (mainland and Zanzibar) and the main donors in the agricultural sector have dramatically improved in the past ten years. However, lessons from project experience have not been captured adequately, and the objectives for policy dialogue have been ambitious compared to the limited resources available.
Plurinational State of Bolivia Country Programme Evaluation
This country programme evaluation is the second one carried out in Bolivia by the Independent Office of Evaluation of IFAD. It covers the partnership between IFAD and the Government from 2005 to 2012. Overall, the results of the IFAD-Government partnership were positive.
The main achievements include the adoption by families of soil and water conservation techniques, improved crop and livestock farming practices, and the development of new production activities. The participatory and open competition approach - with direct cash transfers managed by the communities - clearly led to enhanced human capital. The programme impact was however less than expected because most supported businesses are not sustainable; the introduction of environmental management practices did not reverse the desertification process; and the planned private market for technical assistance did not materialize.
Main programme limitations were weak relations with the territories where it was implemented and with public programmes; inability to define the target population and overreliance on short-term technical assistance.
Brazil Country Programme Evaluation
Federative Republic of Brazil Country Programme Evaluation Brazil and IFAD have developed a solid and strategic partnership over more than 35 years.
IFAD is supporting the Government in promoting family farming and grass-roots development in the north-east of the country, as a means to improve productivity, food security, nutrition and incomes.
IFAD has six ongoing projects in the country, which are all in the early stages of implementation. Attention therefore is needed to consolidating activities to ensure desired outcomes. While recognizing the importance of non-agricultural activities for wider sustainable and inclusive rural transformation, the evaluation finds that a better balance between agricultural and non-agricultural activities could be achieved in the future. This would require placing more emphasis on the agriculture component of investment programmes, such as in areas of water and land management, crop production and livestock development.
Performance in non-lending-activities (policy dialogue, knowledge management and partnerships building) has improved since the last country programme evaluation in 2007. However, the evaluation recommends further strengthening engagement in these activities including greater attention to South-South and Triangular Cooperation. Finally, to ensure enhanced performance in non-lending activities, and considering more generally that Brazil is IFAD's largest country programme in the Latin America and the Caribbean, the evaluation recommends the out-posting of the Country Programme Manager to Brazil.
Senegal Country Programme Evaluation
This is the second country programme evaluation conducted by IOE in Senegal and it covers ten years of IFAD’s operations (2004-2013).
Overall, the IFAD-supported country programme in Senegal led to positive results in terms of enhanced social capital, improved agricultural production and food security.
The project portfolio contributed to build capacities among the rural poor and their organizations, as well as to introduce innovations, notably in production techniques, research, local agricultural advice and pasture management.
At the same time, results were limited by the partial reforms in the agricultural sector and a fragmented approach to major environmental challenges, climate change and gender equality issues. The evaluation also identifies the need to ensure sustainability of results after project completion, and to build complementary partnerships to maximize support for scaling up successful innovations.
China Country Programme Evaluation
This is the first country programme evaluation conducted by the Independent Office of Evaluation of IFAD in China. It covers the partnership between IFAD and the Government from 1999 to 2013. Overall, the CPE concludes that the China-IFAD partnership is strong and the aggregate performance of the loan portfolio, non-lending activities (i.e. policy dialogue, knowledge management and partnership-building) and country strategic opportunities programmes was satisfactory. However, the main challenge in the future partnership is to increase the emphasis on non-lending activities, which will need to be linked to an adequate investment project portfolio that focuses on promoting innovation and scaling up.
Zambia Country Programme Evaluation
This country programme evaluation is the first carried out in Zambia and it covers the period 1999-2013.The interventions by IFAD have helped to increase and diversify production by beneficiary smallholder farmers, enhance access to markets and improve the livestock. The portfolio is also contributing to augment the social capital and empowerment of the target groups, in particular by promoting gender equality and the empowerment of women. The overall project portfolio achievement has been considered moderately satisfactory. However, the programme was not fully effective due to substantial delays in implementation, weaknesses in financial management and the broad targeting strategy that did not sufficiently focus on the most disadvantaged households and communities.
Ecuador Country Programme Evaluation
The country programme evaluation reveals that IFAD’s country programme in Ecuador has made a positive contribution to the country’s rural development through social and productive investments focused on the rural poor, the development and promotion of trade, the boosting of rural organizations, natural resource management and support to cultural diversity. In particular, the closer monitoring by IFAD through direct supervision and the presence of a liaison officer in Quito since 2008 has helped to improve the portfolio status and give a better visibility to the Fund in Ecuador.
At the same time, the evaluation identifies opportunities for IFAD to strengthen its partnership with the Government. For example, more attention will be needed to ensure the next Ecuador country strategic opportunities programme takes carefully into account the political and socioeconomic situation in the country, as well devotes more resources towards policy dialogue, knowledge management and partnerships with other donors