Enabling the rural poor people to overcome poverty in Eritrea
IFAD’s experience in Eritrea underscores the difficulty of operating in an acutely poor country affected by armed conflict. There are severe constraints on institutional capacity and human resources. Few skilled local staff are available and the capacity of public service
providers to intervene in new projects is limited.
IFAD began operations in the country in 1995, just two years after independence, and its first project had the aim of rehabilitating the crucially important irrigation system in the eastern lowlands. A second project was approved in 2002 to increase farmers’ incomes
from crop and livestock production in the western lowlands. IFAD’s loans to Eritrea total US$22.7 million.
In Eritrea IFAD’s strategy focuses on the reconstruction of communities and their development needs. Improving the management of natural resources is also a priority.
Assistance is directed at the eastern and western lowlands, where rural poverty is most severe and where social and economic infrastructures have been seriously disrupted by the conflict. These are also the areas with the best immediate prospects for expanding the production of small-scale farmers.
Linking land and water governance
Secure access by rural poor people to both land and water is central to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, in particular the target of reducing by half the proportion of people living in extreme poverty and hunger by 2015.
Most of these people depend on agriculture for their livelihoods.
However, international debate continues to address land and water issues separately, and to view the significant use of water in agriculture as problematic.
First mile project - factsheet 2
rural areas learn to build market chains linking producers to consumers. Good communication
is vital. The project encourages people in isolated rural communities to use mobile phones,
e-mail and the Internet to share their local experiences and good practices, learning from one
another. While communication technology is important, real success depends on building trust
and collaboration along the market chain. Ultimately farmers and others involved develop
relevant local knowledge and experience and share it – even with people in distant
communities – to come up with new ideas.
IFAD Annual Report 2005
Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2005
A multifaceted field collaboration among FAO, IFAD and WFP
First mile project - factsheet 1
Most of these internal conflicts have taken place in poor countries, impeding their development. In fact, more than half the
countries where international development agencies currently operate are affected by war.
Unfortunately, the majority of these conflicts are ongoing events, not temporary emergencies.
Today’s average conflict lasts about eight years – twice as long as conflicts before 1980. And many
more people are killed in conflicts by hunger and disease than by actual fighting.
Annual report 2004 - part 3
Annual report 2004 - part 2
IFAD Annual Report 2004
Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2004
The Oversight Committee (OVC) was established by the President of IFAD in May 2000, pursuant to President’s Bulletin 2000/04, to coordinate investigations into alleged irregular practices as a means of ensuring consistent, prompt and appropriate responses to allegations. The OVC membership comprises the Vice-President of IFAD as Chair, the General Counsel and the Chief, Internal Audit.1 The Special Advisor to the Vice-President and other IFAD officers (on invitation) have also participated in OVC meetings. The mandate of the OVC was reinforced in July 2003 through the adoption of the UN/IFI Uniform Guidelines for Investigation (see President’s Bulletin 2003/06, copy attached).