Fostering Climate-resilient Upland Farming Systems (FOCUS)

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Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in the North East (Mizoram and Nagaland States)

In India, the farmers of the states of Mizoram and Nagaland in the North-Eastern Region have been using a shifting cultivation system known as jhum.

Although the jhum has met the needs of rural communities as a source of food, fibre and energy, it has become unsustainable due to increasing population numbers, soil fertility degradation, topsoil erosion, changing climate patterns and a shift in focus to include producing high-value crops for increased incomes.

Because 60 per cent of the area under food grain cultivation in these regions is covered by the jhum system, there is a great need for development in farming technologies and practices.

The Fostering Climate-resilient Upland Farming Systems (FOCUS) project is designed to:

  • provide farmers with better jhum cultivation practices that will be both more productive and more sustainable, thus creating an ecological balance, enhancing resilience to climate change, and raising farmers' incomes
  • assist jhumia households to adopt alternative farming systems, particularly settled farming
  • support improved market access and value chain development as farmers move to more market-oriented production

The project will focus on communities in the hills of both Mizoram and Nagaland. A total of 201,500 households will directly benefit from the project, most of these being members of tribal villages.

President's report:

Proposed loan and grant to the Republic of India for the Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in the North East Project
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Status: Ongoing
Approval Date
11 December 2017
2017 - 2024
Total Project Cost
US$ 141.71 million
IFAD Financing
US$ 49.75 million
Co-financiers (Domestic)
National Government US$ 28.47 million
Local Government US$ 3.44 million
Other Local US$ 53.78 million
Beneficiaries US$ 6.27 million
Financing terms
Project ID
Project Contact
Han Ulac Mr Demirag

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Design Report - Main Report Region: Asia and the Pacific

Environmental and social impact assessment

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Interim (mid-term) review report

Resettlement action framework

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