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Burkina Faso


Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 659.63 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 327.79 million

Total IFAD financing


Households impacted

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The Context

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country lying between Ghana to the south and Mali to the north, with limited natural resources. Income per head was just US$615 in 2015) and its population, estimated at almost 18.11 million in 2015, is growing at 3 per cent a year.

The economy relies heavily on agriculture, which employs about 80 per cent of the workforce, according to the World Bank. Cotton is the main cash crop, while gold exports have gained importance in recent years.

GDP growth in the decade to 2013 averaged 6 per cent, but fell to 4 per cent in 2014 and 2015 because of lower prices for raw materials, a political upheaval, and an Ebola epidemic in the sub-region.

Poverty declined from 47 per cent in 2009 to nearly 40 per cent in 2014, but remains widespread in rural areas. Poverty is more common and more severe among women, who often have limited access to land and decision-making.

Some of the main causes of rural poverty in Burkina Faso include:

  • shortage and poor quality of arable land;
  • poor communication and transport networks;
  • wide fluctuations in climatic conditions; and
  • low productivity in a subsistence farming regime.

The Strategy

In Burkina Faso, IFAD loans help build inclusive and sustainable institutions underpinned by pro-poor investments and policies and appropriate innovation and education.  

Key activities include:

  • enhancing and diversifying the livelihoods of rural poor and marginalized groups, especially women, in a sustainable way through inclusive local private-sector development; and
  • enhancing decentralized governance of, and equitable access to, public goods, services and natural resources.

IFAD works with the Government to tackle challenges and develop operational strategies and policies based on best practices, feeding knowledge and ideas into policy development.

By working at various levels, we help the Government create an environment which facilitates efforts by local people to reduce rural poverty.

Country Facts

Burkina Faso relies heavily upon agriculture, which employs close to 80 per cent of the workforce.

Since 1981, IFAD has supported 13 programmes and projects in Burkina Faso totalling US$238.7 million, directly benefiting 506,200 rural households.

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Country documents

Note de Stratégie de Pays

Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: West and Central Africa

Burkina Faso Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2019-2024

Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

Projects and Programmes

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found

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Independent evaluation shows that IFAD support to Burkina Faso has increased agricultural productivity and incomes of households

November 2018 - NEWS
Development projects financed by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have contributed to increased agricultural productivity and food security levels in Burkina Faso, according to results from an independent evaluation presented today.

Burkina Faso and IFAD to boost rural productivity and smallholder farmer incomes

November 2018 - NEWS
A new project targeting 57,000 of Burkina Faso’s most vulnerable smallholder farmer households will be launched 23 November in Ouagadougou, and will help toward improving food security and incomes in the Boucle du Mouhoun, Cascades and Hauts Bassins Regions.

Burkina Faso and IFAD to discuss country strategy aimed at enhancing agricultural development and supporting smallholder farmers

November 2018 - NEWS
The Independent Office of Evaluation of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Government of Burkina Faso are holding a one-day workshop to present the results of an independent evaluation of IFAD's country strategy and programme in Burkina Faso.

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Food loss analysis: causes and solutions – Case studies on sorghum, maize and cowpea in Burkina Faso

September 2019

The objective of this study is to estimate the qualitative and quantitative losses along the sorghum, maize and cowpea supply chains, to highlight the critical points of losses and to identify the main causes of the losses. 

Regreening the Sahel: Developing agriculture in the context of climate change in Burkina Faso

September 2011
The already vulnerable Sahel area is highly exposed to climate change impacts due to the strong dependence of its population on rainfed agriculture and livestock. Rainfall variability, land degradation and desertification are some of the key factors that are heavily impacting on local livelihoods. Droughts with varying degrees
of severity occur in two out of every five years, making harvests of the major food and cash crops highly uncertain. The recurrent droughts of the 1970s and 1980s caused huge losses of agricultural production and livestock, the loss of human lives to hunger and malnutrition, and the massive displacement of people and
shattered economies. Most climate models predict that the Sahel region will become even drier during this century.

Case study: Gender Action Learning System in Ghana, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda

October 2014

GALS has been developed under Oxfam Novib’s (ON) Women’s Empowerment Mainstreaming and Networking (WEMAN) Programme since 2008 with local partners and Linda Mayoux. The use of GALS in value chain development (VCD) was piloted by ON and partners in Uganda through a small IFAD grant (2009- 2011). It was rolled out by ON with local partners in Nigeria, Rwanda and Uganda with the support of a large IFAD grant (2011-2014) and in other countries with cofunding from other donors.