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Cameroon

11

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 420.26 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 201.07 million

Total IFAD financing

610,302

Households impacted


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The Context

Cameroon lies on the Gulf of Guinea, with Nigeria to the north-west and Equatorial Guinea and Gabon to the south.

With a population of 23.7 million, it has significant natural resources, including oil, gas, minerals and timber. It produces coffee, cotton, cocoa and maize.

Economic growth rose from 3.2 per cent in 2010 to 15.7 percent in 2015, according to the World Bank, but slowed in 2016 as oil fields matured and an avian flu epidemic hit the poultry industry in the West Region.

Cameroon is a member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community, which takes some 20 per cent of its exports.

Agriculture is vital to the economy, employing half the workforce. Alongside agro-industrial plantations and some large private farms Cameroon has about two million small family farms.

Poverty is widespread in rural areas, increasing concentrated in Cameroon’s northern regions, and rose 12 percent to afflict 8.1 million people between 2007 and 2014, according to the World Bank.

Lack of employment; poor access to water, electricity and roads; lack of healthcare and education facilities; and corruption and mismanagement of public funds all contribute to poverty. Young people in rural areas are among the most vulnerable.

The family smallholdings which dominate farming often rely upon manual effort and casual labour and use few or no external inputs.

Because commercial farming is underdeveloped, Cameroon imports large quantities of food. Yet it has great potential to meet its food demand and improve the living conditions of the rural population.

The Strategy

In Cameroon, IFAD loans seek to enhance the wellbeing of rural poor people.

Activities are targeted at improving the incomes and the food and nutritional security of the rural poor, especially women and young people.

Key activities include:

  • aiding farms and small rural enterprises to use more productive systems that are resilient to climate change; and
  • supporting small rural producers and promoters of agro-pastoral enterprises that combine livestock and crop production, and increasing access to efficient financial and non-financial services and to profitable markets.

Country Facts

Poverty has remained high at around 40 per cent of the population, showing almost no change overall since 2001.

Poverty has risen in rural areas, and is worst in the three northern regions.

Rural areas are home to about 55 per cent of the working population.

Since 1981, IFAD has supported 10 programmes and projects in Cameroon totalling US$142.1 million, benefiting more than 578,000 rural households.


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Country documents

Note de stratégie de pays

Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: West and Central Africa

COSOP Cameroun

Type: COSOP completion review (CCR)
Region: West and Central Africa

COSOP 2015 - 2019

Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

Stratégie du Portefeuille 2015- 2019

Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

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Call for proposals: Grant to strengthen the supply of improved seeds and improved PPP in Central Africa (SISCA)

August 2019 - NEWS

This is a Call for Proposals to identify the recipient of a three-year grant financed by IFAD for a total amount of up to US$3 million.

Un atelier sous-régional pour former les équipes des projets financés par FIDA au contrôle interne

September 2013 - NEWS
Yaoundé accueille les responsables des services administratifs et financiers du Cameroun, du Gabon, de la République Centrafricaine et du Tchad Rome/Yaoundé,

IFAD-supported programme for the rural poor in Cameroon shows promising results with room for improvement

February 2018 - NEWS
The development projects supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Cameroon aim at increasing opportunities for the rural poor to engage in sustainable and remunerative activities both on the farm and off.

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The Fisheries and Aquaculture Advantage: Fostering food security and nutrition, increasing incomes and empowerment

November 2019

This report presents selected achievements and lessons from the growing portfolio of fisheries and aquaculture investments supported by IFAD.

Investing in rural people in Cameroon

January 2018
Cameroon’s economy is mainly agriculture-based, with almost three quarters of the economically active population in rural areas employed in agricultural pursuits.