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Chad

9

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 244.68 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 176.47 million

Total IFAD financing

294,350

Households impacted


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The Context

Spread across 1,284,000 km2 of the Sahel between Niger and Sudan, Chad is a landlocked country whose northern half is desert. Three decades of internal conflict and political instability have compounded the harm caused to the rural population by frequent droughts in the 1970s and 1980s.

The population is very young - more than half of citizens are under 15 and just 4 per cent are aged 60 or older.-People are concentrated in the south, which is more suitable for farming.

Since 2015 falling oil prices have undermined Chad’s economy. Agriculture generates 40 per cent of GDP and 80 per cent of exports, whilst employing 80 per cent of the workforce.

Between 2003 and 2011, the national poverty rate fell from 55 per cent to 47 per cent.

In the central areas where IFAD-funded operations are ongoing, poor rural people have to overcome poor infrastructure, low rainfall and climatic variations. Plagues of pests combine with problems of soil erosion and desertification, threatening harvests and livestock. 

Farmers lack access to the services, knowledge and technology they need to improve productivity. Inadequate access to rural financial services also prevents poor farmers from developing alternative income opportunities or improving productivity.

Increasing pressure on natural resources in marginal areas is damaging fragile eco-systems and often causes conflict between settled farming communities and nomadic herders, increasing threats to development and livelihoods. These drive farming households to migrate to areas with greater potential, recreating the same dynamic elsewhere.

The Strategy

In Chad, IFAD loans help provide poor rural women and men with the resources to increase their incomes and improve their food security.

Our country strategic opportunities programme (COSOP) for Chad has two strategic objectives:

  • improving access to and sustainable management of water resources. We focus on better management of natural resources, especially water, because it is key to the livelihoods of many in Chad; and
  • improving access to input and produce markets in those value chains where rural poor people have a comparative advantage. Chad’s rural producers are generally engaged in subsistence farming and capture a very small part of value generated by agricultural production, even in areas that are not isolated.

Country Facts

Chad is one of the world’s most landlocked countries and one of the largest in Africa.

Agriculture employs 80 per cent of the country’s active population.

Between 2003 and 2011, Chad’s national poverty rate fell from 55% to 47%.

Since 1992, IFAD has supported 8 programmes and projects in Chad for a total of US$163.5 million, directly benefiting more than 148,000 rural households.


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Country documents

Country Strategy Note, 2017 - 2019

Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: West and Central Africa

Republic of Chad Country strategic opportunities programme 2010-2015

Type: Regional and country document, Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

Projects and Programmes

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found

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Related news

New project launched to help Chadian farmers adapt to climate change and boost the agriculture sector

October 2019 - NEWS
A new €81.9 million project will help more than 1 million vulnerable small-scale farmers in Chad improve their incomes and food security and boost an underperforming agricultural sector hampered by recurrent droughts and rain-fed farming practices.

Le Tchad reçoit du FIDA un don pour renforcer la sécurité alimentaire et améliorer la résilience des systèmes agricoles au changement climatique

February 2015 - NEWS
Rome, le 17 février 2015 – Le Gouvernement de la République du Tchad et le Fonds international de développement agricole des Nations Unies (FIDA) ont signé

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Related publications

Impact assessment: Rural Development Support Programme in Guéra

December 2018
The Rural Development Support Programme in Guéra (PADER-G) was implemented to improve the food security and livelihoods of farmers living in remote areas of Guéra, a drought-prone and conflict-ridden region of Chad. 

ASAP Chad factsheet

May 2015
Climate change is exacerbating natural resource degradation and reducing the potential of productive lands. For example, rural farmers have to contend with climate shocks such as drought, rainfall deficits, floods and locust invasions. These shocks are reducing yields and making the cropping seasons hard to predict for traditional farmers. Traditional resilience strategies are no longer as effective as they were and the lean season is becoming more challenging to smallholder farmers.

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