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Congo

9

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 149.98 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 68.22 million

Total IFAD financing

148,173

Households impacted


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The Context

With a population of 4.6 million in 2015, the Congo derives 60 per cent of its GDP, 90 per cent of exports and 80 per cent of state revenue from oil. Mining, forest products and construction also contributed to economic growth of 2.6% in 2015, according to the World Bank. The country is urbanizing rapidly and its two largest cities, Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire, house more than half the population. Though largely covered by tropical forests, almost a third of Congo is arable land.

The national poverty rate was reduced from 50.7 per cent in 2008 to 46.5 per cent in 2011, but in rural areas, where a third of the population lives, poverty reached 70 per cent.

Farming provided 35 per cent of employment but just 3.4 per cent of GDP in 2011, according to the World Bank. Another 15 per cent of rural people engage in fisheries and aquaculture.

People without jobs or land and young people and women, who are the primary agricultural producers and processors, are the most vulnerable to poverty.

Among the biggest challenges for poor rural people are:

  • extreme scarcity of microfinance;
  • low agricultural productivity arising from traditional cultivation methods, and lack of improved seeds, planting materials and fertilizers;
  • high transport costs because vehicles, roads, crossings and navigation channels are poorly maintained ; and
  • marketing difficulties arising from  weak collection and distribution organizations, poor  processing equipment and poor communications between producers, traders and consumers.

The Strategy

In the Republic of Congo, IFAD loans support efforts to improve income and food security for poor rural people.

The programme's three strategic objectives are to:

  • increase small farmers' access to appropriate and effective technologies in agriculture and fishing to improve their production, processing and storage;
  • increase small farmers' access to transparent markets for agricultural and fishery inputs and for sale of products via targeted value chains;
  • increase the participation of rural and producers' organizations in local and national planning and policy making.

Country Facts

Poverty was reduced from 50.7 per cent of the population in 2008 to 46.5 per cent in 2011, but the poverty rate reached 70 per cent in rural areas.

A third of Congo's population is estimated to live in rural areas and 70 per cent of rural households depend on agriculture.

Agriculture provides 35 per cent of employment and contributes 3.4 per cent of GDP (World Bank, 2011).

Since 1983, IFAD has supported 8 programmes and projects in the Republic of Congo for a total of US$63.7 million, directly benefiting more than 118,000 rural households.


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Country documents

Republic of the Congo Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2019-2024

Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

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Call for proposals: Grant to strengthen the supply of improved seeds and improved PPP in Central Africa (SISCA)

August 2019 - NEWS

This is a Call for Proposals to identify the recipient of a three-year grant financed by IFAD for a total amount of up to US$3 million.

La République du Congo (RC) et le Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA) renforcent leur partenariat pour améliorer les conditions de vie des petits producteurs congolais

October 2018 - NEWS
 Le Directeur Régional du FIDA pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest et du Centre, Lisandro Martin vient de conclure une visite de travail du 17 au 18 Octobre 2018 en République du Congo où il était accompagné par Bernard Hien Directeur du Bureau sous régional du FIDA pour l'Afrique Centrale;  Abdelhaq Hanafi Directeur Pays pour le République du Congo et la République démocratique du Congo  et Ephraim Balemba Chargé de Programme.

IFAD new financing to strengthen inland fisheries and aquaculture, and to boost food and nutrition security in the Republic of the Congo

October 2015 - NEWS
The Republic of the Congo and the United Nations International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) signed today a US$17.56 million agreement to finance an inland fisheries and aquaculture project (PD-PAC) in the northern departments of Cuvette, Cuvette-Ouest, Sangha and Plateaux.

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Congo: Country Technical Notes on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues

October 2014
The indigenous population of the Republic of Congo (RC) include the Baka, Mbendjele, Mikaya, Luma, Gyeli, Twa and Babongo peoples. Depending on sources, these peoples represent a small minority of 1.25 to 10 percent of RC’s estimated population of 4.4 million, primarily of Bantu origin.