US$ 227.84 million
Total Project Cost
US$ 90.83 million
Total IFAD financing
Jordan is small, relatively stable country that has become a refuge for large numbers of people fleeing conflict in Iraq and Syria. The inflows had raised Jordan’s population to 7.59 million by 2015, placing heavy strains on its resources and economy.
Ranked as an upper-middle income country, Jordan has a market economy, complemented by development aid and remittances, with the service sector, including tourism, accounting for 66 per cent of GDP in 2015, with industry
for at 30 per cent and agriculture at just 3.8 per cent.
While 350,000 foreigners made up a quarter of the Jordanian workforce in 2013, an estimated 1 million Jordanians work abroad, often in the Arabian Gulf.
In 2013, unemployment was 13 per cent, and half of the jobless were under 25. Labour-force participation by Jordanians was extremely low, at just 38 per cent of the working age population and only 14 per cent for women.
Jordan’s rural population was more than 1.2 million in 2015, according to the World Bank. Poverty is highest in rural areas, at 16.8 per cent in 2010, with another 28.8 per cent of rural dwellers vulnerable to poverty, according to the country’s Poverty Reduction Strategy 2013-2020.
Rural poverty has resulted from a combination of rapid population growth, degraded natural resources and a chronic water shortage, amplified by the influx of refugees and the impacts of climate change. Many of these elements are likely to accelerate desertification and further reduce the prospects for viable rain-fed agriculture and livestock production.
In Jordan, IFAD support aims to increase agriculture’s contribution to GDP, expand job opportunities, and empower women and youth to develop small enterprises to improve their livelihoods.
IFAD's overall country strategy programme aims to increase income of rural communities in Jordan, making them more prosperous and less vulnerable.
Activities target small scale livestock farmers, smallholders with limited land, the landless and unemployed rural poor.
IFAD’s support is aligned with Jordan’s Poverty Reduction Strategy 2013—2020, the Agriculture Development Strategy 2016—2020, The Jordan Response Plan to the Syria Crisis, and the Jordan Economic Growth Plan (2018-2022). IFAD aims to ensure all policies benefit the environment and help mitigate climate change.
Key activities include:
- enhancing the resilience of small-scale farmers and livestock owners to climate and production risks; and
- facilitating access to financial services and markets.
Following a country programme evaluation by IFAD’s Independent Office of Evaluation in 2012, IFAD and the Government of Jordan agreed to a renewed lending programme with a sharp focus on tackling poverty.
The Rural Economic Growth and Employment Project (REGEP), launched in March 2015, is the first project using this approach. It aims to reduce rural poverty, vulnerability and inequality by creating employment and income-generating opportunities for the rural poor, especially women and youth.
Another active project, the Small Ruminants Investment & Graduating Households in Transition Project (SIGHT), aims to contribute in reducing poverty and enhancing national food security in Jordan by improving the productivity of small-ruminants and to assist Syrian Refugees and host communities to graduate out of poverty through livelihood support.
- Agriculture accounted for only 3.8 per cent of GDP in 2015.
- Jordan's market-oriented economy is among the smallest in the region, and lacks natural resources.
- Big inflows of Iraqi and Syrian refugees greatly increased pressure on the economy and services.
- Since 1981, IFAD has invested a total of US$82.7 million in eight projects and programmes in Jordan, benefiting more than 78,800 households.
Projects and Programmes
New IFAD-financed project in Jordan supports small ruminant production and reduces poverty in rural communities
New project to create vital employment opportunities for youth and women in Jordan
Enabling the rural poor to overcome poverty in Jordan
IFAD has committed US$71.4 million in loans to Jordan since 1981 to support agricultural development and reduce rural poverty. The funds have been used in six agricultural development programmes and projects with a total value of US$189.3 million.
The Government of Jordan and project participants have contributed US$63.2 million. The programmes and
projects are designed by IFAD in collaboration with rural people, the government and other partners. They address poverty through promotion of sustainable natural resource management, particularly water and soil conservation. A seventh project is being designed.