US$ 237.77 million
Total Project Cost
US$ 129.41 million
Total IFAD financing
Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous, landlocked country in Central Asia sandwiched between Kazakhstan to the north and China to the south.
With a population of 6.315 million people as of 2018, Kyrgyzstan has experienced significant political and social instability since independence in 1991. Weak governance and entrenched corruption helped trigger political and social upheavals in 2005 and 2010.
Nearly two-thirds of the population (65 per cent) live in rural areas, many in the valleys and foothills of the mountains. They depend heavily on crop and livestock production, although remittances and welfare are also important income supplements.
Nearly half of the country is pasture land – some 9 million hectares – and herding plays a key role in its economy, society and culture.
Post-independence economic reforms, cut poverty rapidly, from 52 per cent of the population in 2000 to 25.6 per cent in 2017, but it remains more prevalent and most severe in rural and mountainous regions.
In 2012, 24 per cent of rural households were food insecure - 5 per cent severely and 22 per cent moderately food insecure.
The geography and topography of Kyrgyzstan make it particularly vulnerable to climate change. Drought, landslides and mudslides, floods and river erosion are all common and are becoming more frequent and intense. Reduced pasture productivity, heat stress and declining access to water could reduce livestock production and increase the spread of disease.
In Kyrgyzstan, IFAD loans help reduce poverty and enhance economic growth in pastoral communities by helping poor rural people earn more and improve their living standards.
Activities target vulnerable households, especially women headed households and livestock producer households generally. We help them increase production and also move further up the value chain into processing, management, marketing, and ownership.
Key activities include:
- improving livestock productivity and enhancing the climate resilience of pastoral communities, increasing the returns of livestock farmers and making them more equitable; and
- improving the access and integration of smallholder livestock farmers with remunerative markets for their products, thereby raising their returns and sharing them more equally.
Although its economy and society are the most liberal in Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan has experienced significant political and social instability since independence in 1991.
Poverty has declined significantly and rapidly, from 52 per cent of the population in 2000 to 25.6 per cent in 2017, but more needs to be done.
Projects and Programmes
Sweden strengthens partnership to accelerate economic empowerment for rural women
Investing in rural people in Kyrgyzstan
Grant Results Sheet: AKF - Mobilizing public private partnerships in support of women-led small business development
ASAP Kyrgyzstan factsheet
countries to the impacts of climate change in Central Asia. The country suffers from drought, land and mudslides. Flooding events and river erosion are set to increase in frequency and intensity. The mountainous nature of the country renders 45 per cent of Kyrgyzstan’s land inhospitable. The majority of the population live in valleys and at the foothills of the mountains, where vulnerability to climate-related hazards is highest.