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Mozambique

15

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 595.75 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 386.47 million

Total IFAD financing

2,391,789

Households impacted


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The Context

Mozambique emerged from civil war 25 years ago as one of the most impoverished countries in the world. But since then it has registered impressive economic growth, with an annual GDP growth rate above seven per cent in the last five years. Growth has been sustained by market-based reforms, massive public investment in infrastructure and large flows of foreign direct investment.  

Yet about 60 per cent of the country’s population of over 27 million lives in poverty. They lack access to basic services such as safe water, health facilities and schools.

More than 70 per cent of poor households live in rural areas in Mozambique. Farming is their main source of food and income, but productivity is low. 

Farmers and fishers generally make enough to meet their households' basic food requirements, with a small surplus for sale in some cases. Incomes are meagre, and most of the rural population survives at subsistence level.

From 2010 to 2013, the agriculture sector contributed about 30 per cent of GDP and represented 25 per cent of total exports (food and agricultural raw materials). It is the main source of income for more than 70 per cent of the population and provides employment for 80 per cent of the workforce. 

Low agricultural productivity results from a lack of appropriate technologies, with farmers dependent on traditional farming methods, low-yield seed varieties and manual cultivation techniques. Markets are generally inaccessible to smallholder farmers. 

Women are particularly disadvantaged in rural communities. They have considerably less access to education than men and thus fewer skills. Health care is inadequate, and death in childbirth is common.

Most rural women play a crucial role in growing food crops and generating income for their families. Yet they have little access to productive resources or control over them. 

Poor rural households are particularly vulnerable to natural disasters such as droughts and floods, which periodically beset the southern and central areas of Mozambique. Such events expose vulnerable people to food insecurity since they have few income-generating alternatives to agriculture.

The Strategy

In Mozambique, IFAD-supported loans help to integrate small-scale producers into profitable and accessible markets. 

Our strategy is fully aligned with all government strategic objectives as laid out in the poverty reduction action plan and in the sector strategy for agriculture, artisanal fisheries and rural finance. 

IFAD’s country strategic opportunities programme, approved in 2011, sets out a results-based strategic framework. Activities target poor producers who have the potential to expand and commercialize their activities, with a special emphasis on disadvantaged groups such as women and young people. 

To achieve this, we have focused on three strategic objectives: 

  • improving access of smallholder farmers and artisanal fishers to technologies and services that increase productivity;
  • increasing participation in markets for an equitable share of profits; and
  • increasing access to sustainable financial services in rural areas. 

IFAD also engages in policy dialogue when relevant issues emerge from project operations. In addition we help build the capacity of communities to participate in policy dialogue processes.

Country Facts

Agriculture is the main source of income for more than 70 per cent of Mozambique’s population and provides employment for 80 per cent of the workforce.

Most rural women work in agriculture and play a crucial role in growing food crops and generating income for their families. Yet they have little access to or control over productive resources.

Since 1983, IFAD has invested US$243.9 million to finance 12 projects and programmes in Mozambique, benefiting almost 2.2 million households


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Country documents

Republic of Mozambique Country strategic opportunities programme 2018-2022

Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: East and Southern Africa

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Related news

Mozambique and IFAD join to combat climate change and increase food security

February 2020 - NEWS

IFAD today announced support for a new programme to increase incomes, improve food and nutrition security and build the resilience of at least 902,500 rural Mozambican farmers, in one of the African countries most affected by climate change.

IFAD to provide US$43 million to boost aquaculture in Mozambique

February 2020 - NEWS
IFAD announced today support for a new project to reduce poverty and increase production and incomes for more than 88,000 rural small-scale fish farmers through aquaculture.

New rural finance project to help boost rural enterprise sector in Mozambique

July 2019 - NEWS
A new Rural Enterprise Finance Project (REFP), which will help more than 287,700 rural people engaged in agriculture, fisheries and small and medium-sized enterprises in 10 provinces improve their access to national and regional markets, was launched on 15 July in Maputo, the capital of Mozambique.

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Related stories

Community Radio reaching out to small scale farmers in Mozambique

May 2015 - STORY

Local radio stations can be a powerful means of communication, particularly to smallholder farmers located in remote rural places. When listening to the radio, they feel connected to the rest of the world and become better informed.

Assets for life: Small, but innovative, investments in water infrastructures, transform livelihoods in Mozambique

October 2019 - STORY
Mapai is one of the driest districts of Mozambique, with an arid and semi-arid tropical climate where water for consumption, cattle and agriculture is the major challenge for the people living there.

Recipes for Change: Caldeirada De Cabrito Com Mandioca (Mozambican Curry)

September 2016 - STORY
Try the Recipe at home: Caldeirada De Cabrito Com Mandioca (Mozambican Curry)

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Related publications

Case study: Gender Action Learning System in Ghana, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda

October 2014

GALS has been developed under Oxfam Novib’s (ON) Women’s Empowerment Mainstreaming and Networking (WEMAN) Programme since 2008 with local partners and Linda Mayoux. The use of GALS in value chain development (VCD) was piloted by ON and partners in Uganda through a small IFAD grant (2009- 2011). It was rolled out by ON with local partners in Nigeria, Rwanda and Uganda with the support of a large IFAD grant (2011-2014) and in other countries with cofunding from other donors.

Investing in rural people in Mozambique

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​Mozambique is one of the world’s poorest countries. Despite its impressive economic growth rates and the encouraging development progress made by the government in recent years, poverty continues to be severe and widespread.

Grant Results Sheet: FundaK - The Outreach Project: Expanding and scaling up innovative financial inclusion and graduation strategies and tools in Africa

May 2018
The Outreach Project was implemented in selected African countries (Gambia, Mozambique, and Tanzania) and aimed to improve the financia inclusion strategies of ongoing IFAD-funded operations by transferring and adapting innovative solutions, tools and methodologies previously tested in various countries of the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region.

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