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Myanmar

3

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 113.24 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 90.7 million

Total IFAD financing

176,810

Households impacted


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The Context

Myanmar, the largest country in South-East Asia, has rich endowments of land and water and a favourable climate for agriculture. Its geographic location at the intersection of China and India, two of the world’s most dynamic economies, makes it well positioned to resume its traditional role as a regional trading hub and a key supplier of minerals, natural gas and agricultural produce after 50 years of isolation.

As it emerges from this period, Myanmar has embarked on a comprehensive path of political and economic reforms. It aims to introduce elements of popular representation into the political sphere, foster economic growth and inclusive social development, improve the business environment, attract foreign investment and reduce poverty. 

The reforms are already yielding growth dividends, as Myanmar has become one of the most dynamic economies of Asia. Notwithstanding its immense potential for growth, Myanmar is still one of the poorest countries in the region, ranked 148th among 188 nations globally in the 2015 Human Development Report. 

Poverty is mostly concentrated in rural areas, where a majority of the rural population engages in smallholder agriculture and casual employment. The agriculture sector is the backbone of the economy, and two thirds of the population lives in rural areas. 

Paradoxically for such a resource-rich country, there is a stark rural-urban divide. Rural areas lag significantly behind urban areas in social and productive infrastructure. Poverty levels are significantly higher in rural areas and among smallholders, landless people and ethnic minority groups.

While the country produces a surplus of food, many rural areas suffer from food insecurity. These disparities exist among and within states and within villages, where household hunger and poverty are closely linked.

Rural poor people lack adequate and nutritious food and essential non-food items. Many of the poorest live in the central dry zone or in hill tracts populated by ethnic minority groups. These remote areas have limited arable land and have been affected by conflict.

The Strategy

Due to its past isolation, Myanmar's agriculture sector has not benefited fully from global advances in agricultural technology and methods. 

IFAD's strategy in the country is to focus on modernizing agriculture, upgrading value chains, fostering links among agribusinesses, diversifying livelihoods, promoting rural enterprises and generating employment off the farm. 

Key activities include:

  • helping rural people gain access to agricultural resources, technologies, services and markets;
  • creating business and employment opportunities for rural women and men;
  • promoting the social and economic empowerment of marginalized populations, especially ethnic minority groups.

IFAD also serves as a development catalyst in Myanmar. We work with the government to leverage resources from bilateral and multilateral partners for co-financing investments and, eventually, scaling up successful activities.

Results-based country strategic opportunities programme (COSOP):
Arabic | English | French | Spanish

Country Facts

In Myanmar, agriculture employs 70 per cent of the labour force but contributes just 36 per cent of GDP. 

Since 2014, IFAD has committed US$48.6 million to finance 2 projects related to agricultural development, benefiting over 100,000 households.


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Projects and Programmes

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found

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Related news

IFAD to invest $13 million in Myanmar to reduce poverty and improve food security and nutrition in rural areas

December 2018 - NEWS
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has signed a financing agreement with the Government of Myanmar to reduce poverty, and improve food security and nutrition for over 390,000 rural people in the northern Magway region and southern Chin state.

IFAD and Myanmar invest $65.2 million to promote profitability of smallholder agriculture in eastern states

March 2018 - NEWS
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and Myanmar signed a financing agreement today to improve incomes for 62,400 poor rural households who depend on smallholder agriculture, agroforestry, or rural wage labour in the eastern states of Kayin and Shan.

Investing in Agriculture and Sustainable Rural Development in Myanmar

February 2015 - NEWS
IFAD provides loan to join hands in reducing poverty and increasing food security in Myanmar's central dry zone Rome, 22 October 2014 – A project supported

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Related stories

Stewards of biodiversity adapt to a changing climate

March 2016 - STORY
Local varieties grown in the programme area. Clockwise from top: hands holding yellow maize, white maize and bambara groundnuts Zimbabwe: Scaling up People's

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Related publications

Stories from the field: Innovative agriculture

March 2020
Unlocking opportunities for rural entrepreneurs and farmers in the sub-Mekong region.

Grant Results Sheet - ICIMOD: Improving livelihoods and enhancing resilience of the rural poor in the Hindu Kush Himalayas to environmental and socio-economic changes (AdaptHimal)

June 2018
The grant is one of three projects implemented under a broader regional programme (Adaptation to Change) financed by IFAD, the Government of Norway, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA), and United Kingdom’s Department for International Development (DFID). 

Grant Results Sheet - APRACA: Enhancing access of poor rural people to sustainable financial services through policy dialogue, capacity-building and knowledge-sharing in rural finance

June 2018
This programme, also known as FinServAccess, aimed to enhance access to sustainable rural financial services for smallholder producers and
agroentrepreneurs, so they are better equipped to face emerging challenges and benefit from new opportunities.

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