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Peru

11

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 428.34 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 194.36 million

Total IFAD financing

186,380

Households impacted


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The Context

During the past two decades, the country has experienced one of the best-performing economies in Latin America, leading to significant progress in reducing poverty and inequality, and promoting social development. It is estimated that from 2007 to 2017, more than 5 million people exited poverty, with the poverty rate falling to 20.5 by the end of 2018.

Extreme poverty decreased from 11.2 per cent to 2.8 per cent over the same period.

However, poverty rates in rural areas remain high. Poverty affects 44.4% of the rural population and only 15.1% of urban population.

Lack of opportunities for rural people has caused a massive migration to urban centres, where market activity offers greater livelihood options. Today, three out of four Peruvians reside in and around urban areas.

But while both urban and rural poverty affect Peru, food insecurity is chronic in rural regions, where many smallholder farmers produce basic food crops at a subsistence level. For this reason and others, people born in Lima can expect to live almost 20 years longer than those born in the southern highlands. Nationwide, socioeconomic inequalities in access to food and income threat human development within the country, where 43.6 of children (6-53 months) suffer from anaemia and 12.9% (of children under 5 years ) from chronic malnutrition.

It is expected that agriculture will continue to be a key sector in the country's development. In addition,  small-scale farmers live in conditions of poverty and exclusion. Therefore, IFAD is working to .

Rural development is constrained by limited linkages to markets for rural products and the structural characteristics of rural areas, including: fragmentation of ownership; limited cooperation between producers; organizational weakness; geographical dispersion; vulnerability to external, market and climate shocks; limited access to financial services and innovations; absence of public goods and services such as electrification, rural roads, highways and telecommunications services; and the lack of appropriate national, regional, local, public and private institutions.

Agriculture represents an important share of the economy, as it allows for a diversified economy, contributes to tackle food insecurity and provides a vehicle for rural development. In that sense, IFAD  climate-smart, innovative and inclusive interventions benefit small-scale farmers' associativity, productivity and connection to markets.

 

The Strategy

In Peru, IFAD loans work to address the needs of small-scale farmers in the northern and southern highlands, the country's poorest regions, and major challenges regarding natural resources, technical assistance, financial services and production management.

Activities include:

  • Increasing small-scale producers' resilience and productivity, through diversified and modernization of production and food systems;
  • Enhancing climate-sensitive production and sustainable resources management;
  • Strengthening institutions for rural and agricultural development. 
  • Working with the private sector to improve smallholders' access to technical assistance and financial services by developing markets, increasing local capacity to contract services, and strengthening institutional and private-sector service providers;
  • Promoting South to South and Triangular Cooperation (SSTC) with national agencies to enhance knowledge management and transfer that supports institutional development.
  • Increasing food security and nutrition among rural families and Fostering women's economic empowerment and agency in rural organizations; and
  • Fostering development by making local institutions and communities responsible for decisions on project funds and implementation.
  • Articulating efforts with other UN Agencies and international organizations to optimize the impact of our programs within the country; 
  • Assessing budgetary programs related to the reduction of the degradation of agrarian soils and the sustainable use of forest and wildlife resources. 

IFAD has also introduced awards for innovation and conservation of traditional knowledge in Peru. Among the innovations are public competitions to assign development resources and manage natural assets, savings accounts for rural women, direct money transfers for project participants to hire technical advisers, and ecosistemic services. These good practices and innovations have been replicated in other countries, bringing positive results in benefit of small-scale farmers. 

Results-based country strategic opportunities programme (COSOP) Arabic | English | French | Spanish

Country Facts


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Related news

Boosting incomes and protecting the environment – IFAD and Government of Peru assess achievements of joint project

November 2019 - NEWS
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Invitation to bid: Pro-poor agricultural innovation system for sustainable and resilient agri-food systems

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Related stories

Women and youth lead change in Lima's highlands and high rainforest

September 2019 - STORY
The resilience of smallholder farmers, coupled with the support of development projects is allowing Peru’s rural people to progress towards better living standards. Women and youth are very often on the frontline of that effort.

Stewards of biodiversity adapt to a changing climate

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Local varieties grown in the programme area. Clockwise from top: hands holding yellow maize, white maize and bambara groundnuts Zimbabwe: Scaling up People's

Empowering Afro-descendant communities in Latin America

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Afro-descendants are among the most vulnerable populations in Latin America, facing the region’s worst rates of inequality, violence and rural poverty. A recent IFAD-supported grant worked to challenge these trends, empowering Afro-descendants to exercise their rights, increase their incomes and achieve greater social inclusion.

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Related publications

Investing in rural people in Peru

March 2018
Peru has made great strides in poverty reduction over the past decade, leading to a significant decline in the national poverty rate from 42.4 per cent in 2004 to 20.7 per cent in 2015. Nevertheless, by 2016 the gap between rural and urban poverty had tripled, at 44 per cent versus 14 per cent. Income inequality among Peruvian households remained virtually unchanged between 2004 and 2015. The most salient result is differential access by urban and rural people to education, health care, financial services and productive assets.

Occasional paper 4: The importance of scaling up for agricultural and rural development

July 2013
The thesis of this article is that governments of countries that plan their agricultural and rural development programmes on a large scale – typically covering the entire agriculture sector and including all or most of the important ingredients for agricultural growth and rural development – do better in terms of agricultural production and reduction of rural poverty and hunger than do country governments that do not invest broadly and at scale in such development.

Scaling up note: Peru

December 2015
Peru is an upper-middle-income country with one of the fastest-growing economies in the region. In the last decade, the country more than halved its poverty rate, which fell from 59 to 24 per cent. Reduction was uneven geographically, however. In the rural areas of the highlands and the rainforest areas, poverty still affects about 53 and 43 per cent of the population1 respectively, and particularly indigenous communities. 

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