Fostering Climate Resilient Upland Farming Systems in the North East (Mizoram and Nagaland States)
In India, the farmers of the states of Mizoram and Nagaland in the North-Eastern Region have been using a shifting cultivation system known as jhum.
Although the jhum has met the needs of rural communities as a source of food, fibre and energy, it has become unsustainable due to increasing population numbers, soil fertility degradation, topsoil erosion, changing climate patterns and a shift in focus to include producing high-value crops for increased incomes.
Because 60 per cent of the area under food grain cultivation in these regions is covered by the jhum system, there is a great need for development in farming technologies and practices.
The Fostering Climate-resilient Upland Farming Systems (FOCUS) project is designed to:
- provide farmers with better jhum cultivation practices that will be both more productive and more sustainable, thus creating an ecological balance, enhancing resilience to climate change, and raising farmers' incomes
- assist jhumia households to adopt alternative farming systems, particularly settled farming
- support improved market access and value chain development as farmers move to more market-oriented production
The project will focus on communities in the hills of both Mizoram and Nagaland. A total of 201,500 households will directly benefit from the project, most of these being members of tribal villages.
11 December 2017
2017 - 2024
Total Project Cost
US$ 168.51 million
US$ 76.55 million
National Government US$ 28.47 million
Local Government US$ 3.44 million
Other Local US$ 53.78 million
Beneficiaries US$ 6.27 million