The Asia and the Pacific region is a rural development paradox: it is has seen some of the most dramatic economic transformations, but bears some of the most enduring challenges.
Vast and densely populated, the region remains home to two thirds of the world’s poorest people. As income inequality widens, poverty is becoming a more rural and acute phenomenon.
Social deprivation and high rates of malnutrition and stunting are reducing the physical and mental capacity of vulnerable groups across the region, at a significant human and economic cost. Across the region, 30 per cent of children under five are stunted.
Vulnerability to climate change, natural disasters and a gradual degradation of the productive resource base are growing problems. In some cases, climate change is already posing an existential threat, with a number of Pacific islands severely threatened by rising sea levels.
Inequality between urban and rural areas
Small farm businesses across the region are struggling in the face of rural-urban migration, land and water degradation, and economic, institutional and political constraints.
Much of the region lacks the basic infrastructure to ensuring integration with the global economy through efficient market linkages. Such integration is vital for strengthening intra- and interregional trade through emerging common markets such as the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
These are all formidable challenges which the region must overcome to continue to be a powerful engine for global prosperity and growth.
Partnering against poverty
IFAD is empowering smallholders through its loan and grant programmes, policy engagement, and pro-poor partnerships across the policy spectrum, working with local people, governments, donors and the private sector.
By the end of 2016, IFAD had invested US$2.4 billion in the region’s ongoing portfolio for 67 projects in 21 countries.
IFAD is especially active where problems are most acute. We work in Pacific island nations such as Fiji, Kiribati, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, where ongoing projects are combating the impact of climate change, and supporting community-led development processes.
In the fight against climate change and the struggle for the enhancement of rural productivity, prosperity and quality of life, collaboration is key.
China and India are the world’s most populous nations, together accounting for some 37 per cent of the global population in 2015.
Across the Asia and Pacific region, 560 million people live on less than $1.25 a day, with about 260 million of those people living in India.
In spite of rapid urbanization, more than half of the population in the region still lives in rural areas, and most are engaged in agriculture.
Where we work
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Projects and programmes
IFAD and EIB launch $125 million project to boost rural incomes and food security in Cambodia
Productivity and incomes of small-scale farmers increased through IFAD and Nepal partnership – new report.
Rural development projects financed and supported by IFAD have contributed to increased agricultural productivity and incomes of smallholder farmers in Nepal, according to a new report presented today.
IFAD and China promote climate-resilient agriculture and reforestation in Pakistan
Research Series Issue 58: Investing in rural youth in the Asia and the Pacific region
Investing in rural people in Pakistan
Since IFAD began its operations in Pakistan in 1978, the focus has been on combating rural poverty by promoting integrated participatory rural development.
Investing in rural people in Nepal
Nepal was one of the first countries to benefit from IFAD loans, beginning in 1978.