Angola

IFAD Asset Request Portlet

Country

Angola

8

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 264.38 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 111.8 million

Total IFAD financing

486,600

Households impacted

The Context

Angola is one of Africa’s most resource-rich countries. It is sub-Saharan Africa’s second-largest oil producer, after Nigeria, and the world’s fourth-largest producer (in value) of diamonds. The country also possesses a wealth of other natural resources, including minerals, water, agriculture, forestry and fisheries.

Two thirds of the population depends on agriculture for food, income and employment, with women providing most of the labour force. An estimated 80 per cent of farmers are smallholders. Their productivity is low and they generally produce little or no surplus. 

Prior to independence in 1975, Angola was self-sufficient in key food crops (except wheat) and was an exporter of cash crops, in particular coffee and sugar. The war for independence and lack of investment severely hindered the agriculture and fisheries sectors, and the country has been dependent on food imports since 1990. A mere 10 per cent of the country’s arable land is currently under cultivation, and per-acre productivity is one of the lowest in sub-Saharan Africa.

The country’s 27-year civil war led to a massive exodus from many rural areas as people flocked to towns and cities for safety. Around 4 million people (about one third of the population) were internally displaced at the end of the war in 2002. 

Since then much progress has been made. Together with its national and international partners, the Government has developed and implemented programmes to restore order and security, revitalize the economy, restore basic social services and rehabilitate infrastructure. 

Although the rural economy has all but collapsed, tens of thousands of people are returning to rural areas now that they are more secure. An estimated 68 per cent of the population lives below the poverty line, and 15 per cent of households live in extreme poverty. In rural areas 94 per cent of households are categorized as poor.

Despite government demining efforts, landmines and unexploded bombs are a danger to people and a constraint on economic and social recovery. 

Social and physical infrastructure is badly damaged. In particular the lack of roads and bridges prevents farmers from getting their products to markets, impeding trade. Farmers also lack access to agricultural inputs and other assets necessary to begin producing again. They need seeds, adequate tools to work the land, animals for traction and fertilizers for areas such as the central highlands, where soil fertility has been depleted.

The Strategy

In Angola, IFAD loans support efforts to improve food security and rebuild the livelihoods of poor rural people through rural and agricultural development.

Activities target the poorest areas of the central highlands. Our projects address vulnerable groups such as women and households headed by women, as well as young people, demobilized soldiers and displaced persons.

Key activities include:

  • increasing smallholder production of basic food crops and inland fisheries and aquaculture;
  • strengthening rural organizations and representatives of vulnerable groups;
  • ensuring access to services and basic rural infrastructure for the most disadvantaged groups;
  • promoting pro-poor policies based on knowledge of the needs of poor rural people in specific localities.

Country Facts

Angola is sub-Saharan Africa’s second largest oil producer and the world’s fourth largest producer (in value) of diamonds.

Two thirds of the population depends on agriculture for food, income and employment, and women provide most of the labour force.

Since the 1990s, IFAD has supported six programmes in the country for a total of US$76 million, benefiting about 261, 600 poor rural households. 

Country documents

Related Assets

Country Strategy Note 2017-2018 Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: East and Southern Africa
Republic of Angola Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2019-2024 Type: Regional and country document, Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: East and Southern Africa

Expert-Country-Highrise (no delete)

Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found

Related news

Related Assets

Angola and IFAD to promote sustainable agriculture and boost food security in the face of climate change

July 2020 - NEWS
The International Fund for Agricultural Development of the United Nations (IFAD) today announced support for a new project to boost agricultural productivity, improve food and nutrition security and build the resilience of at least 218,000 rural families in Angola who are vulnerable to climate shocks.

Independent evaluation shows that IFAD's support to Angola has helped small farmers to improve their livelihoods

May 2018 - NEWS
Development projects supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have contributed to improve the productivity and production of main staple crops, which enabled households participating in the projects to move beyond subsistence farming, according to the findings of a new evaluation report presented today in Luanda.

Presentation of the results of the first evaluation of the activities and investments of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in Angola

May 2018 - NEWS
The Angolan government and IFAD are presenting an analysis of the achievements in their fight against rural poverty and the challenges that lie ahead in the country.

Related stories

Related Assets

Related blogs

Related Assets

The advantage of investing in sustainable fisheries, aquaculture and coastal communities

November 2019 - BLOG
The fisheries sector is crucial for enhancing healthy diets, as fish are a valuable source of nutrients and micronutrients.

Related publications

Related Assets

Investing in rural people in Angola

March 2018
In Angola, IFAD loans support efforts to improve food security and rebuild the livelihoods of poor rural people through rural and agricultural development.
Additional languages: English, Portuguese

Related videos

Related Assets