Ecuador

IFAD Asset Request Portlet

Country

Ecuador

11

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 329.8 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 163.93 million

Total IFAD financing

301,767

Households impacted

The Context

Ecuador is a middle-income country with an economy highly dependent on oil and export agriculture. In the last 10 years, Ecuador made remarkable effort to fight poverty and inequality through increased social spending and important investments, with infrastructure, hospitals and schools having been impressively modernized.

However, the recent economic slowdown and the contraction of domestic demand is putting at risk these achievements, contributing to a rise in the overall poverty rate from 22.5 per cent to 24,8 per cent 2018. 

The country has a population of 16.5 million people. One third of the population are concentrated in two metropolitan areas: Guayaquil and Quito, the capital. Rural population still accounts for 36.5% of the total. Social indicators also point to persistent inequality in both rural and urban areas. This situation is attributable to high unemployment and underemployment, low salaries, limited access to productive assets such as land, water, credit and technology, and deficient market linkages.

Shaping the country’s development model, modernizing the productive sectors, and reducing dependence on imported goods and services is among the priorities of the Government. To achieve this goal, rural smallholder producers will need to increase their productivity, efficiency and connectivity, by boosting technology use and accessing key rural services.

 

The Strategy

In Ecuador, IFAD loans support the diversification of the rural economy by promoting cooperatives and investments to generate employment and income for poor rural families.

Given its overall experience in the region, IFAD makes a tangible contribution towards supporting these efforts through investments in rural areas by combining innovation with action.

Key activities include:

  • improving access to assets and resources to support diversification of the Ecuadorian rural economy, promoting, among other measures, associative enterprises and investments that generate employment and income for poor rural families in Ecuador; and
  • increasing the capacities of rural poor producers and potential entrepreneurs to engage in, and benefit from, pro-poor and inclusive productive policies.

Country Facts

  • Ecuador is a middle-income country with an economy highly dependent on oil and export agriculture.
  • Almost one quarter of the population in Ecuador lives in poverty, most of them in rural areas.
  • The rural poverty rate, at 43 per cent in 2018 , is almost triple the urban rate (15,9). The higher poverty rate is attributable to high unemployment and underemployment, low salaries, limited access to productive assets such as land, water, credit and technology, and deficient market linkages.
  • 61% of rural women work in agriculture and livelihoods.
  • Since 1978, IFAD has invested a total of US$151 million in 10 programmes and projects related to agricultural development in Ecuador, benefiting more than 291,767 households.

Country documents

Related Assets

Republic of Ecuador Country strategic opportunities programme 2014-2018 Type: Regional and country document, Country Strategic Opportunities Programme

Expert-Country-Highrise (no delete)

Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

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El FIDA evidencia que su apoyo ha mejorado los medios de vida de las familias rurales en el Ecuador

February 2020 - NEWS
La Oficina de Evaluación Independiente del FIDA y el Gobierno del Ecuador organizan un taller para presentar los resultados de una evaluación independiente de las operaciones del FIDA en el Ecuador en los últimos diez años (2009 a 2019), período en el que se ejecutaron cuatro proyectos en 16 provincias por un valor de más de USD 160 millones.

El FIDA presenta la evaluación de su labor de reducción de la pobreza rural en el Ecuador

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La Oficina de Evaluación Independiente del Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA) y el Gobierno del Ecuador están organizando un taller para presentar los resultados de una evaluación independiente de las operaciones del FIDA en el Ecuador en los últimos diez años (2009 a 2019), período en el que se ejecutaron cuatro proyectos en 16 provincias por un valor de más de USD 160 millones.

Senior IFAD officials to promote development in earthquake-stricken rural region of Ecuador

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A year after a major earthquake left more than 20,000 rural people homeless, officials of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) will meet with ministers and other government officials to renew IFAD's commitment to supporting rural economic development and improvement of the lives of poor rural people. Périn Saint Ange, IFAD Associate Vice-President, arrives in Ecuador today with the message that alongside immediate disaster relief, long-term development is crucial to rebuilding lives.

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June 2018 - STORY
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Ecuador: El Airo's people want to stay in El Airo

May 2018 - STORY
Talking about the roya (coffee rust) epidemic in El Airo, a rural community in southern Loja province in Ecuador, brings back bad memories to the minds of local coffee growers. In 2010 and 2011, this fungus devastated coffee plants all over the province, plunging farming families into poverty and forcing many of them to leave.

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Over the last decade, Ecuador’s poverty levels have fallen despite a period of recent political and economic crises. Nevertheless, in rural spheres, indigenous and Afro-Ecuadorian communities continue to face barriers to economic inclusion, ranging from lack of secure access to land and water resources to limited investment opportunities. The situation varies across regions and social groups. In the Amazon for instance, indigenous groups struggle to obtain clear titles for communal lands that are under increased pressure from oil exploration and production. In the highlands, peasant communities face shortages of land and increasing degradation due to agricultural intensification and unregulated expansion into the upper reaches of water basins (páramos). In the coastal regions, communities face growing encroachment on their lands by large landholdings, in addition to degradation of mangrove forests due to unsustainable exploitation.

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