IFAD Asset Request Portlet




Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 1,111.66 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 519.28 million

Total IFAD financing


Households impacted

The Context

Egypt has a diverse economy and rich natural resources, including agricultural land and fisheries. Egypt is one of the most populous countries in Africa and the Middle East, with its population of 110 million people concentrated along the Nile Valley. Population growth has increased pressure on natural resources, including land and water.

Agriculture is a key sector in the Egyptian economy and key to poverty reduction. Accounting for 11 per cent of GDP and employing more than one in four people.

However, recent periods of drought and water scarcity have impacted agricultural productivity and food security. The availability and management of water resources impacts sustainable development and heightens vulnerability to climate change.

Over ten years, the unemployment rate in Egypt fell from over 13 per cent to just 7 per cent in 2022. This decline is particularly evident among youth and women. Poverty, which is concentrated to the south of the country, has also declined. Despite this, unemployment and poverty disproportionately affect women and youth, therefore efforts to address these issues must involve these groups.

The Strategy

IFAD loans are helping to reclaim land from the desert and improve agricultural productivity in the Nile valley. We aim to sustainably reduce rural poverty and enhance national food security by:

  • strengthening the skills of poor rural people so they can take advantage of economic opportunities.
  • enhancing sustainable use of natural resources.
  • improving access to services, including technology and finance.

Country Facts

Egypt is a lower middle-income country with a GNI per capita of US$ 3,000 in 2020.

Egypt is IFAD’s largest recipient of financial assistance in the Near East and North Africa region.

Egypt has moderate food security, with its strengths in affordability and sustainability. However, access to high-quality and safe food needs improvement.

Country documents

Related Assets

Arab Republic of Egypt Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2019-2024 Type: Regional and country document, Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: Near East, North Africa, Europe and Central Asia

Country Experts

Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

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IFAD opens regional office in Egypt, providing rural development support to seven countries in the region

October 2019 - NEWS
IFAD opened a regional office in Cairo today that will serve as a strategic rural development center for its work to reduce poverty, empower women and youth, and create employment opportunities in seven countries across the region.

Egypt and IFAD strengthen partnership to reduce rural poverty and promote resilience in desert environments

October 2019 - NEWS
The President of the United Nations' International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Gilbert F. Houngbo, will meet with H.E. Abdel Fattah El-Sisi, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, during a four-day visit to the country from 6 to 9 October to discuss IFAD’s ongoing investments and to pave the way for a strengthened partnership towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

IFAD and Egypt to promote resilience in desert environments with a US$81 million investment

February 2019 - NEWS
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and Egypt signed a financing agreement today to reduce poverty and enhance food and nutrition security by sustainably improving incomes and resilient livelihoods for 450,000 rural people in the Matrouh Governorate.

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North Africa is struggling to cope. The terrible events of this week will become all too familiar unless we invest in resilience

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Rising sea levels threaten Egypt's fertile plains in the Nile Delta

December 2022 - STORY
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Water brings life to rural people

October 2022 - STORY
Irrigation brings water to the world's poorest rural people in the right quantities and when they need it, helping farmers adapt to climate pattern shifts.

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Climate-smart agriculture: A synthesis of experiences and lessons from the NEN region

December 2022
This publication describes Climate-smart agriculture case studies in Egypt, Georgia, Moldova and Somalia.

Research Series 81: Food and water systems in semi-arid regions – case study: Egypt

June 2022
This paper explores the role of water in Egypt’s food system and the dilemma the country faces: raise food self-sufficiency by allocating freshwater resources from the Nile to food production, or rely on food imports from water-abundant regions worldwide.

Investing in rural people in Egypt

October 2021
IFAD country programme in Egypt is the largest in the Near East and North Africa. In total, IFAD has invested in 14 agricultural development projects and programmes for a total Cost of US$ 1.1 billion, with IFAD direct financing of US$ 519.28 million benefitting around 7 million people.

Scaling up note: Egypt

December 2015
Egypt has undergone dramatic political upheaval over the last four years, following long-simmering grievances over the lack of economic opportunities and political inclusion that led to a revolutionary uprising in early 2011.

ASAP Egypt factsheet

August 2015
The SAIL programme has several components: i) community and livelihood development, ii) agriculture development and diversification, and iii) rural financial services. The community development activities will focus on the ''new lands'' that have been settled by smallholder farmers. Community development associations will be strengthened so that they can allow for the inclusion of women and youth. The project will also provide buildings and financing for schools, health clinics, community centres and clean water infrastructure.

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