Senegal

IFAD Asset Request Portlet

Country

Senegal

20

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 875.43 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 318.66 million

Total IFAD financing

667,643

Households impacted

The Context

Senegal, on the western seaboard of Africa’s Sahel region, spans 196,722 km² and had an estimated 15.3 million people as of 2016.

After a decade characterized by slow economic growth, Senegal’s economy has surged, achieving 6.5 per cent growth in 2015.

Mining, farming and fishing are the main economic activities.

Rapid population growth facilitates economic development but also presents a challenge: 20 per cent of young people are unemployed, spurring a rural exodus towards the capital Dakar, other cities, and abroad.

Almost 40 percent of the population lives in rural areas, where the poverty rate was 57.3 per cent, more than twice that of Dakar.

Senegal imports almost 70 per cent of its food and people go hungry even though 60 per cent of the workforce are engaged in food crop production. Yet only 65 per cent of Senegal’s 3.8 million hectares of arable is farmed and 30 per cent of irrigable land used. Small rainfed subsistence farms are the norm.

Farm productivity is held back by:

  • inadequate or irregular rainfall;
  • soil degradation;
  • lack of good-quality seeds and fertilizers;
  • use of traditional techniques and lack of technical support services;
  • lack of access to finance;
  • poor infrastructure that limits access to markets or water;
  • unsuitable land tenure structures;
  • inadequate integration into poorly-organised value chains and an underdevelopedfood processing industry.

Women produce 80 per cent of the country’s food, so empowering them and enhancing their productivity is critical to  developing agriculture and rural areas.

The Strategy

In Senegal, IFAD loans help sustainably increase food security and smallholder incomes and create permanent employment for rural people, particularly women and young people.

IFAD-funded projects help smallholders’ and their organizations gain better access to farm inputs and services, appropriate technologies and markets.

Activities focus on the development of sustainable value chains and the integration of women and youth into economic activities.

IFAD also helps rural people learn how to set up and run businesses.  

Country Facts

During 2015, Senegal’s economy grew by 6.5 per cent, outpaced in West Africa only by Côte d’Ivoire.

Rural women are almost 70 per cent of Senegal’s workforce and produce 80 per cent of the country’s food.

Poverty is more widespread in rural areas, where 75 per cent of poor households live.

Since 1979 IFAD has supported 16 programmes and projects in Senegal, investing US$216.4 million and directly benefiting more than 455,000 rural households.

Country documents

Related Assets

Country Stragy Note 2017-2018 Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: West and Central Africa
Senegal: Country strategic opportunities programme (2019-2024) Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme, Regional and country document
Republic of Senegal Country strategic opportunities programme Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

Expert-Country-Highrise (no delete)

Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found

Related news

Related Assets

IFAD joins with partners to build resilience and boost development in the Sahel

December 2020 - NEWS
IFAD is joining with FAO and WFP - as well as the G5 Sahel and the Green Climate Fund to revitalize economic activities and food systems in the Group of Five Sahel countries and in the Republic of Senegal.

IFAD and GCF scale-up action to improve life for millions of people and restore ecosystems in Africa’s Great Green Wall

January 2021 - NEWS
A new investment programme is planned to support Sahelian governments through a partnership between the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and IFAD in order to boost climate finance for these rural populations.

Increased investment in Sahel will boost development and resilience of rural populations

February 2021 - NEWS
About one million rural people in the Sahel region will benefit from a new joint programme, the first of its kind, IFAD announced today. The US$180.4 million Regional Joint Programme will revitalize economic activities and food systems in the Group of Five Sahel countries and in the Republic of Senegal.

Related stories

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How increased access to water shortens the path towards sustainable development in the Sahel

March 2019 - STORY
Every day Dienaba Sow travels 3.5 kilometres from her home in Hodio village towards Toung, in Senegal's Louga region, to collect water for her family's daily needs.

Recipes for Change: Poulet Yassa

October 2015 - STORY
There are many varieties of onions grown in Senegal. Perhaps the most common are the Gandiol and Noflaye species which are both well known for their strong taste and ability to be stored for long periods of time. The onion is a dietary staple of Senegal, appearing in many of the country's most famous dishes, including Poulet Yassa.

Forging tools to catalyse food production in Senegal

May 2019 - STORY
In 1992, Khadim Thiam established a tiny workshop in Tambacounda, Senegal, to produce agricultural equipment, such as hoes, seed drills, ploughs and animal-traction carts.

Related blogs

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Interview with Recipes for Change Chef Pierre Thiam

January 2020 - BLOG
As a chef, I believe that we have a responsibility and we should take concrete actions to tackle climate change.

What helps value chain projects work best for rural producers?

September 2019 - BLOG
Is it possible to link small-scale producers to emerging opportunities in dynamic food systems?

Related publications

Related Assets

Managing agricultural risk through remittances: the case of Senegal

December 2020
This feasibility study explains the role of remittances in agricultural risk management.

Resilient Food Systems 2018-2019 Annual Report

March 2020
Discover how the Resilient Food Systems programme is enhancing long-term sustainability and resilience for food security in sub-Saharan Africa.

Gender in climate smart agriculture, Module 18 for the Gender in Agriculture Sourcebook

July 2016
This module provides guidance and a comprehensive menu of practical tools for integrating gender in the planning, design, implementation, and evaluation of projects and investments in climate-smart agriculture (CSA). The module emphasizes the importance and ultimate goal of integrating gender in CSA practices, which is to reduce gender inequalities and ensure that men and women can equally benefit from any intervention in the agricultural sector to reduce risks linked to climate change. Climate change has an impact on food and nutrition security and agriculture, and the agriculture sector is one of the largest emitters of greenhouse gases. It is crucial to recognize that climate change affects men and women differently. The initial assumption is that social differences, particularly gender inequality, must be taken into account to strengthen the effectiveness and sustainability of CSA interventions. Women are key players in the agricultural sector, yet compared to men, they own fewer assets and have access to less land, fewer inputs, and fewer financial and extension services.

Related videos

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Senegal: Focusing on Ability

March 2020 - VIDEO
Djenalib Ba and Daba Diom are Persons with a Disability. Training received from IFAD-supported projects in rural areas of Senegal made them able to feed their families and send their children to school.

Senegal: IFAD invests in opportunities

July 2018 - VIDEO
The number of international migrants worldwide is growing at a faster rate than the world's population, reaching 258 million in 2017. Every day thousands of people leave their homes in search of a better life.

Pastoral Units in Senegal

November 2017 - VIDEO
Rural Solutions is a video series that highlights solutions to specific challenges that are common in rural areas of developing countries. As natural resources become more scarce, herders who migrate seasonally have to travel long distances to find water and grazing land. Here is a solution to this from Senegal.