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Addressing climate change in East and Southern Africa

noviembre 2011
Climate variability and change are expected to compromise agricultural production and food security severely in many African countries.

Trail Blazers: Stories of Women Champions from IFAD Projects

noviembre 2011
Trail Blazers: Stories of Women Champions from IFAD Projects presents snapshots of the lives and achievements of simple rural women from the project areas whose immense courage and dynamic leadership helped improve their own lives as well as the lives of their families and communities.

Water User Associations in the context of small holder agriculture

octubre 2011
This report is the fruit of that endeavour and builds on efforts by IWMI, IFAD and many others to document and understand the impacts of PIM. Through the systematic review of 24 IFAD-funded PIM interventions and field observations from 5 project sites in the Asian region this study sheds new light on what works, where and why. Our study examines WUAs that have been created by IFAD projects and those which pre-date it’s interventions but are the main focus of capacity building or restructuring.

Fragile states: working to build resilience

septiembre 2011
Fragile states are home to nearly 30 per cent of the world’s poor people. Though measures of fragility vary, such countries typically lack some of the basic tools of nationbuilding: good governance, strong policies, skilled personnel, functional infrastructure and services, educated citizens, an active civil society and a competitive private sector. Civil and border conflict is an all-too frequent reality. Poor people living in rural areas of fragile states are particularly vulnerable as they have very limited means to cope with the situation created by fragility.
Disponible en otros idiomas: Arabic, English, French, Italian

IFAD and Togo

septiembre 2011
The country’s challenge now is to create the conditions for economic growth – and the Government of Togo believes that the best way to achieve lasting growth is through increased production and productivity in the agriculture sector. For these reasons, after more than a decade out of the country, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is working closely with the Republic of Togo to put agricultural and rural development on track.

Smallholder conservation agriculture - Rationale for IFAD involvement and relevance to the East and Southern Africa region

septiembre 2011
There is a growing need to investigate different crop production systems that prevent soil degradation while increasing productivity. Conservation agriculture (CA) offers a promising solution. Conservation agriculture is a climate resilient technology and management system that has demonstrable potential to secure sustained productivity and livelihood improvements for millions of climate-dependent farmers working in semi-arid areas around the world. Success stories are recorded for some countries in Asia, and in Australia and Brazil. However, for sub-Saharan Africa adoption of the technology has lagged behind these other countries, and concerns have been raised as to the suitability of the technology within the smallholder farming context.

Regreening the Sahel: Developing agriculture in the context of climate change in Burkina Faso

septiembre 2011
The already vulnerable Sahel area is highly exposed to climate change impacts due to the strong dependence of its population on rainfed agriculture and livestock. Rainfall variability, land degradation and desertification are some of the key factors that are heavily impacting on local livelihoods. Droughts with varying degrees of severity occur in two out of every five years, making harvests of the major food and cash crops highly uncertain. The recurrent droughts of the 1970s and 1980s caused huge losses of agricultural production and livestock, the loss of human lives to hunger and malnutrition, and the massive displacement of people and shattered economies. Most climate models predict that the Sahel region will become even drier during this century.

Building and operating a mini-hatchery - sand method

septiembre 2011
La producción avícola a pequeña escala es una importante fuente de ingresos y nutrientes para la población rural pobre en el mundo en desarrollo. El sistema se basa en el suministro regular de polluelos de gallina y pato. El presente manual describe: • cómo construir una minincubadora con arena • cómo obtener y seleccionar los huevos fértiles • cómo colocar los huevos en la incubadora • el mantenimiento cotidiano de la incubadora, y • el manejo de los polluelos al eclosionar.

The issue of land in Argentina

agosto 2011
El objetivo central de este trabajo es identificar las principales problemáticas de la tenencia y la gestión de la tierra en Argentina, a la luz de las transformaciones globales de la agricultura y el desarrollo de los territorios rurales. Se plantean también una serie de opciones de políticas para resolver las situaciones más conflictivas, teniendo siempre como objetivo la equidad y el desarrollo.

Madagascar - Étude de cas Le potentiel des jeunes AUE à participer au développement durable

julio 2011
L’accès qu’ont les agriculteurs aux ressources hydriques est déterminé par de nombreux facteurs. Le cadre politique national et les stratégies adoptées par le gouvernement ont, entre autres, un impact important sur l’accès à l’eau, et sur les projets et programmes qui travaillent dans ce domaine. Au fur et à mesure qu’évolue le contexte politique, il est donc nécessaire de revoir la mise en oeuvre de ces projets, en particulier ceux qui ont trait à la construction d’ouvrages hydrauliques, afin de s’assurer que l’environnement politique et stratégique reste adapté aux besoins locaux et permette la mise en place d’une gestion locale, durable et efficace de l’eau agricole.

IFAD Annual Report 2010

junio 2011
Conozca mejor la labor del FIDA destinada a promover la transformación rural leyendo el Informe anual de 2010. Descubra cómo nuestras inversiones están empoderando a las mujeres y los hombres de las zonas rurales y examine los datos y las cifras que el FIDA comunica a sus Estados Miembros y asociados. También puede obtener más información sobre la labor de promoción que el FIDA lleva a cabo en nombre de las comunidades rurales de todo el mundo.

Lessons learned in the development of smallholder private irrigation for high-value crops in West Africa

junio 2011
The objective of this report is to identify, characterize, and evaluate best practices in smallholder private irrigation in West Africa. The report presents a comparative assessment of the smallholder private irrigation initiatives in Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, and Nigeria. Issues discussed include: the potential and impacts of new technologies; the successes and challenges of different approaches to develop smallholder private irrigation (promotion of technologies, institutional arrangements, advisory and financial services, and environmental impact mitigation); and the lessons learned.

La población rural pobre ante la volatilidad y el aumento de los precios de los alimentos

junio 2011
Las tendencias en los precios de los alimentos afectan considerablemente a la seguridad alimentaria, tanto en los hogares como a nivel nacional. Muchas de las personas más pobres del mundo gastan más de la mitad de sus ingresos en alimentación. Debido a los aumentos de precio de los cereales y otros productos de primera necesidad ellas pueden verse obligadas a reducir la cantidad o calidad de los alimentos. Esta situación puede provocar inseguridad alimentaria y malnutrición, con consecuencias dramáticas tanto a corto como a largo plazo. La desnutrición aumenta la tasa de enfermedades y mortalidad, disminuye la productividad y puede producir graves efectos que perduran toda la vida, especialmente en los niños. Las fuertes subidas de los precios también pueden limitar la capacidad de los hogares pobres de cubrir otros gastos no alimentarios, tales como la educación y la atención sanitaria. Cuando las subidas de precios se producen a nivel mundial, pueden afectar a los países de ingresos bajos y que importan alimentos, ya que ejercen presión sobre sus recursos financieros de por sí limitados. El aumento de los precios de los alimentos tiene un impacto particularmente negativo en la seguridad alimentaria cuando se produce repentinamente o alcanza niveles extremos.
Disponible en otros idiomas: Arabic, English, Spanish, French, Italian

El cambio climático: reforzar la capacidad de resistencia de los pequeños agricultores

junio 2011
Los pequeños agricultores son la columna vertebral de la economía rural, pero son los más castigados por el cambio climático. En todo el mundo, hay 500 millones de pequeños agricultores que prestan apoyo a unos 2 000 millones de personas. Estos agricultores habitan en algunos de los espacios naturales más expuestos a riesgo, como son colinas, desiertos y llanuras aluviales. El cambio climático multiplica las amenazas con que se enfrentan los pequeños agricultores, además de poner en peligro los recursos naturales de los que dependen y acelerar la degradación del medio ambiente.
Disponible en otros idiomas: Arabic, English, Spanish, French, Italian

Higher and volatile food prices and poor rural people

junio 2011
Food price trends have a major impact on food security, at both household and country levels. Many of the world’s poorest people spend more than half their income on food. Price hikes for cereals and other staples can force them to cut back on the quantity or quality of their food. This may result in food insecurity and malnutrition, with tragic implications in both the short and long term. Undernourishment increases disease and mortality, lowers productivity and can have severe lifelong effects, particularly for children. Price spikes can also limit the ability of poor households to meet important non-food expenses, such as education and health care. When they occur globally, price hikes can affect low-income, food importing countries, putting pressure on their limited financial resources. Higher food prices have a particularly negative impact on food security when prices spike suddenly or reach extremely high levels.

Madagascar - Étude de cas Le rôle des femmes dans la gouvernance locale de l’eau agricole

junio 2011
Plus de 35 ans sont passés depuis la première conférence mondiale de la femme des Nations Unies au Mexique en 1975, et de nombreuses autres conférences et événements se sont succédés, avec comme résultats des engagements politiques, des documents d’action et des recommandations. Malgré cela, nous sommes loin de pouvoir affirmer que l’objectif d’égalité entre les sexes ait été atteint. En ce qui concerne les pays en voie du développement, le Sommet mondial du développement social, en 1995 a été déterminant. C’est alors que le monde a pris conscience de la nécessité d’établir des indicateurs pour pouvoir analyser la situation des femmes dans le monde à diverses échelles.

Remesas y redes postales

junio 2011
El Fondo de financiación para remesas (FFR) tiene como objetivo ampliar el alcance de los servicios financieros a las zonas rurales del mundo donde esos servicios escasean. Mantener una red de sucursales de tipo tradicional dedicadas exclusivamente a ese tipo de servicios en zonas vastas y poco pobladas resulta prohibitivo para la mayoría de las instituciones financieras, con una excepción importante: las oficinas de correos.

IFAD Supported Training and Apprenticeship within the Rural Enterprises Project Phase II in Ghana - A Field Study of Training Approaches and Outcomes

junio 2011
As part of its initiative for mainstreaming innovation, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) explored various types of training and skills development activities in the programmes supported by the Fund and which training results have been achieved including through innovative ways. In Ghana the IFAD supported programme Rural Enterprises Project Phase Two (REP II) has enhanced Business Development Service (BDS), and Technology Promotion and Support to Apprentice Training (TPSAT) in about 53 districts in since 2003. The objective of this Ghana field study is to document the diversity of approaches of training and skills development in IFAD supported programmes. In particular, it aims to assess their relevance, effectiveness and efficiency, outcomes and challenges.

Apprenticeship learning and the inclusion of young people in nonagricultural rural activities under a national agricultural and rural training strategy - Reflections on scaling up a pilot experience in Madagascar

junio 2011
IFAD’s efforts to promote the innovations launched by its programmes are illustrated here with an analysis of activities to strengthen non-agricultural rural apprenticeships under the Support Programme for Rural Microenterprise Poles and Regional Economies (PROSPERER) and the future Vocational Training and Agricultural Productivity Improvement Programme (FORMAPROD)1 in Madagascar.

Sudan - Training and skills development within the Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project (GSLRP)

junio 2011
The case study in Sudan, undertaken in the framework of the Initiative for Mainstreaming Innovation (IMI), analyzed training and skills development activities in the IFAD-supported Gash Sustainable Livelihoods Regeneration Project (GSLRP). The study is an assessment of the type of capacity building and training that can be implemented in an area of great poverty using innovative approaches in community development and training. It illustrates the kind of impact that is possible at individual and community level.

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