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Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Syria

noviembre 2009
Since 1982, IFAD has supported seven projects in Syria with loans totalling US$126.2 million for projects with a total value of US$474 million. The organization has also provided a number of grants, including technical assistance grants to support women’s empowerment. IFAD works in partnership with the government, other donors, NGOs, local institutions and civil society organizations. It finances initiatives which enable poor rural people in Syria’s agricultural settlement areas to improve their incomes and living conditions. IFAD is working towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals and its interventions endeavour to reduce poverty and promote gender equality and environmental sustainability.

Enviar dinero a los hogares africanos Mercados de remesas, entorno favorable y perspectivas futuras

noviembre 2009
Este informe se basa en los resultados de un estudio encomendado por el FIDA y realizado por Manuel Orozco, de Diálogo Interamericano.
Disponible en otros idiomas: Arabic, English, Spanish, French, Portuguese

Remittances: sending money home

octubre 2009
Factsheet illustrating how IFAD is exploring more innovative ways of working with remittances.

Ethiopia Community-based integrated natural resources management in Lake Tana watershed

septiembre 2009
Ethiopia is one of the world’s poorest countries, with an annual per capita income of only US$174. Nearly half of the population lives under the poverty line, and more than 12 million people are chronically or periodically food insecure. Agriculture generates approximately 50 per cent of the GDP and 90 per cent of export earnings. Despite its importance, agricultural performance has improved little over the past 50 years and food security has deteriorated. Low agricultural productivity and chronic food insecurity are direct results of the ongoing degradation of natural resources in the Ethiopian highlands.

Eritrea - Catchments and landscape management project

septiembre 2009
The project will reverse the decline in productivity of Eritrea’s soil resources; restore vegetative cover and habitat diversity in areas of degraded rangelands, forests and woodlands; and increase biodiversity within crop, livestock and forest production landscapes.

Niger - Agricultural and rural rehabilitation and development initiative

septiembre 2009
The GEF-funded Agricultural and Rural Rehabilitation and Development Initiative, which will complement the ongoing IFAD-financed Agricultural and Rural Rehabilitation and Development Initiative Project (ARRDI), will similarly focus on southern Niger’s Maradi region – home to 20 per cent of the nation’s population – targeting poor and extremely poor communities vulnerable to environmental risk, with special emphasis on women and youth.

Community-driven development decision tools for rural development programmes

julio 2009
This Decision Tools document is the final outcome of five years of studies, debates and workshop discussions. These Tools will prove useful to Governments, development practitioners and field technical staff that are financing, designing or implementing CDD projects for rural poverty reduction.

Food prices: Smallholders can be part of the solution

julio 2009
La reciente volatilidad de los precios en los mercados internacionales está ejerciendo presión sobre la seguridad alimentaria mundial. Para los 2 000 millones de personas que viven y trabajan en pequeñas explotaciones agrícolas en los países en desarrollo, la vida se ha vuelto más precaria. Pero si se cuenta con las inversiones, las políticas y los programas de desarrollo adecuados, los pequeños agricultores tienen un gran potencial para aumentar la producción de alimentos y, de ese modo, mejorar sus vidas y contribuir a una mayor seguridad alimentaria para todos.

IFAD Annual report 2008

junio 2009
Conozca mejor la labor del FIDA destinada a promover la transformación rural leyendo el Informe anual de 2008. Descubra cómo nuestras inversiones están empoderando a las mujeres y los hombres de las zonas rurales y examine los datos y las cifras que el FIDA comunica a sus Estados Miembros y asociados. También puede obtener más información sobre la labor de promoción que el FIDA lleva a cabo en nombre de las comunidades rurales de todo el mundo.

First mile project - factsheet 3

junio 2009
Mobile signal coverage is expanding fast. More and more people own and use mobile phones and some are finding innovative ways to use them to enhance their earning potential. In the Republic of Tanzania, Internet connectivity is evolving rapidly, but few people in rural areas have access to the technology. The use of mobile phones and text messages, or SMS, is still far more widespread than e-mail. Yet the speed of change is dramatic. Communication technologies that allow wireless access within a 30-km radius are being extended throughout Tanzania and tests are verifying the feasibility of using GPRS modems in remote districts. “It was important that we adapt quickly, looking for ways to ensure that everybody benefits from these changes,” says Clive Lightfoot, technical advisor of the First Mile Project. “We want to make certain that groups of people are not left behind and that the revolution is also directed towards reducing rural poverty.”

Fighting water scarcity in the Arab countries

junio 2009
The Arab countries account for more than 5 per cent of the world’s population, but less than 1 per cent of global water resources. And as a consequence of the phenomena associated with climate change, the region is facing an even greater water shortage. For 30 years now, IFAD and its partners in the region have worked to develop effective, replicable solutions to help poor rural communities manage their scarce water resources. More than half of IFAD’s programmes and projects in the region include a focus on water.

Dar a la población rural pobre de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela la oportunidad de salir de la pobreza

junio 2009
El FIDA ha aprobado seis préstamos para la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, por un monto aproximado de USD 80 millones. También ha aprobado dos donaciones de asistencia técnica, en 1991 y 1998 respectivamente, para el Programa Regional de Capacitación en Desarrollo Rural, cuya ejecución estuvo a cargo de la Fundación para la Capacitación e Investigación Aplicada a la Reforma Agraria (CIARA), adscrita al Ministerio del Poder Polar para la Agricultura y Tierras. El mandato del FIDA de reducir la pobreza mejorando las condiciones de vida y aumentando los ingresos de la población rural pobre afronta importantes desafíos y oportunidades. El FIDA trabaja en asociación con el Gobierno y otros donantes para financiar programas y proyectos destinados a la población más pobre, en particular los pequeños agricultores, los campesinos sin tierra, los pueblos indígenas y las minorías étnicas, así como a las mujeres del medio rural en general. Uno de los principales asociados del FIDA en los proyectos de desarrollo rural más recientes, la Fundación CIARA, cumple una función importante como administrador de programas de desarrollo en nombre del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Agricultura y Tierras de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela.

Land grab or development opportunity? Agricultural investment and international land deals in Africa

junio 2009
Over the past 12 months, large-scale acquisitions of farmland in Africa, Latin America, Central Asia and Southeast Asia have made headlines in a flurry of media reports across the world. Lands that only a short time ago seemed of little outside interest are now being sought by international investors to the tune of hundreds of thousands of hectares. And while a failed attempt to lease 1.3 million ha in Madagascar has attracted much media attention, deals reported in the international press constitute the tip of the iceberg. This is rightly a hot issue because land is so central to identity, livelihoods and food security.

Interventions for improving livelihoods

marzo 2009
Climate change represents an additional challenge to rural people in SSA – and a further reason for investment in water control. Smallholder farmers, pastoralists and artisanal fishers are among the most vulnerable to this threat. While projections of changes in annual rainfall vary across Africa, these groups will experience the negative effects of increased temperature and extreme events. For them, enhanced control of water will become critical in building resilience to increased climate variability.

IFAD and rural water investments

marzo 2009
IFAD is currently engaged in over 230 loan operations in 85 countries. About two thirds of that portfolio is related to community-based natural resource management. Poor rural people and their institutions are at the core of this approach. Water is critical to these men and women pastoralists, fishers, farmers, young and old, part- or full-time, urban or rural, indigenous, tribal or otherwise often marginalized people. It is the key entry point for improving their livelihoods.

Guidance Notes for institutional analysis in rural development programmes: an overview

marzo 2009
Guidance notes for institutional analysis in rural development programmes provides a synthesis of the training materials developed as part of the Institutional Analysis (IA) methodology. They propose that we rethink how we conceptualize and promote institutional change, particularly for pro-poor service delivery. They provide a framework and the analytical tools for designing programmes and projects that feature implementation modalities based on some of the core principles of good governance, focusing on “pro-poor governance” and systemic sustainability at the micro and meso levels.

Reinforcing gender equity

marzo 2009
Women constitute two-thirds of the 1.2 billion poor people in the world. The great majority live in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, regions that are also home to most of the world’s ‘water poor’ – those with limited access to reliable, safe supplies of water for productive and domestic uses. The role women play in reducing food insecurity and poverty – through their knowledge of multiple uses of water, crop production, local biodiversity, soils and local water resources – is recognized internationally. However, despite this, they are often still excluded from decision-making processes in new water management approaches and other natural resource allocation projects and initiatives. Globalization, changing market dynamics and climate change are altering the rural context for most poor rural people, resulting in increased vulnerability to natural hazards and economic uncertainties, above all for women.

IFAD and the League of Arab States

enero 2009
Poverty poses a constant threat to economic growth, trade reform, private sector development, knowledge, governance and gender equality. Poverty among the 22 members of the League of Arab States (LAS) is primarily a rural phenomenon. A quarter of the region’s population, or about 80 million people, live below national poverty lines. Between 60 and 70 percent of these poor people live in rural areas. One of the most pressing challenges in the region is the high rate of unemployment, particularly among young people. Official unemployment rates average 13 per cent, and in some countries the jobless rate among young people is twice as high.

Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2008

enero 2009
The Investigation Section of the Office of Audit and Oversight (OA/IS) has a mandate to investigate alleged irregular practices, namely (i) fraud and corruption, in relation to entities, contractors and non-staff individuals applying for or participating in an IFAD-financed project or headquarters-related contract, and (ii) staff misconduct, pursuant to the adoption by the Executive Board in December 2005 of the IFAD Policy on Preventing Fraud and Corruption in its Activities and Operations (EB 2005/85/R.5/Rev.1, paragraph 26). Implementation of this policy, along with the establishment of a Sanctions Committee, have aligned IFAD with best practices applied by other United Nations agencies and the major multilateral development banks (MDBs) in this area. OA/IS was fully staffed in 2008, enabling it to pursue its dual role of conducting investigations and, more broadly, implementing the IFAD anticorruption agenda.

IFAD in the MERCOSUR area

diciembre 2008
Working to enable poor rural people to overcome poverty, IFAD operates in the MERCOSUR countries at two levels: • at the subregional level, within the institutional framework of MERCOSUR, it promotes a platform for dialogue between governments and smallholder farmers’ associations, with the aim of increasing public investment in family farming • at the national level, it provides funding and technical assistance to governments for the implementation of rural development programmes and projects that translate into action the agreements reached at subregional level.

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