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Land and Natural Resources Tenure Security Learning Initiative for East and Southern Africa

junio 2012
This report provides an overview of the achievements and learning from the Phase 1 of the Tenure Security Learning Initiative - East & Southern Africa (TSLI-ESA) Project. It also looks ahead to strategies for scaling up initiatives, and to the second phase of the TSLI-ESA project.

Tanzania: Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples Issues

junio 2012
The United Republic of Tanzania (URT) has a multi-ethnic population with more than 125 different ethnic communities. Four of these—the Hadzabe, the Akie, the Maasai and the Barabaig—identify themselves as indigenous peoples.

Mapping land and natural resource rights, use and management

junio 2012
Participatory mapping uses a range of tools including data collection tools, such as mental mapping, ground mapping, participatory sketch mapping, transect mapping and participatory 3-dimensional modelling. Recently participatory mapping initiatives have begun to use more technically advanced geographic information technologies, including Global Positioning Systems (GPS), aerial photos and use of remote-sensing images, Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and other digital computer-based technologies. IFAD supported projects and programmes are increasingly making use of these technologies for mapping land and natural resource rights, use and management.

Caso de Estudio Proyecto de Desarrollo Corredor Central Ecuador

junio 2012
Este es un documento sobre las Buenas Prácticas del proyecto de Desarrollo Corredor Central (PDCC) implementado en Ecuador y financiado por el Gobierno Nacional y por el Préstamo 650/EC proveniente del Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA), a través de la ejecución de sub-Proyectos de Turismo Comunitario con Pueblos y Nacionalidades Indígenas. Los tres segmentos geográficos que conforman el corredor central, desde la región de la costa a la región amazónica: (i) Portoviejo y La Maná; (ii) Pujilí y Pelileo; (iii) Baños y Puyo.

Dar a la población rural pobre de Guatemala la oportunidad de salir de la pobreza

mayo 2012
El Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA) apoya las iniciativas de reducción de la pobreza rural y desarrollo agrícola en Guatemala desde 1986. El FIDA, durante su primer decenio en el país, orientó su labor a apoyar al Gobierno en la consolidación del proceso de paz y la reconstrucción del tejido social del país en las zonas que se vieron afectadas por el conflicto armado, que se prolongó durante 36 años. También se concentró en la construcción de una plataforma económica e institucional para el desarrollo de las comunidades rurales e indígenas marginadas.

Experiencias del FIDA sobre escalonamiento en Perú, Estudio de caso y esquema analítico

mayo 2012
En los últimos treinta años, el FIDA así como sucesivos gobiernos peruanos han desarrollado programas en la sierra, donde los niveles de pobreza son severos. Esto se construye sobre modelos de desarrollo comunal, lecciones aprendidas sistemáticamente y ampliando tanto las áreas cubiertas como el alcance de las intervenciones. Los proyectos FEAS, MARENASS, CORREDOR y SIERRA alcanzaron 120,000 hogares en más de 1,600 comunidades pobres en la sierra sur. Estos proyectos han sacado de la pobreza extrema al 30 por ciento de los hogares objetivos, y 35 por ciento salieron completamente de la pobreza. Estos proyectos secuenciales representan el sendero de un proceso de escalonamiento complejo, pero exitoso.

El futuro de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional mundial

mayo 2012
En los últimos cinco años el mundo ha sufrido una serie de crisis económicas, financieras y alimentarias que han desacelerado, y en ocasiones invalidado, los esfuerzos mundiales por reducir la pobreza y el hambre. Al día de hoy, la volatilidad de los precios y una serie de catástrofes climáticas, como la devastadora sequía que arrasó recientemente el Cuerno de África, siguen desbaratando esos esfuerzos. En este contexto, la promoción de la capacidad de recuperación de los medios de vida y de la seguridad alimentaria y nutricional ha pasado a ocupar un lugar destacado en los programas de políticas de los gobiernos. Los pequeños agricultores deben ocupar el centro mismo de estos programas y ejercer funciones directivas en las actividades de inversión necesarias para ejecutarlos.

Kenya: Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples Issues

abril 2012
The Republic of Kenya has a multi-ethnic population, among which more than 25 communities identify as indigenous.

Climate-smart smallholder agriculture: What is different.

abril 2012
Cada vez hay más consenso en cuanto a que el cambio climático está transformando el contexto del desarrollo rural, cambiando los entornos físicos y socioeconómicos y encareciendo el desarrollo de los pequeños productores. Pero el consenso es menor en cuanto a la manera en que las prácticas agrícolas en pequeña escala deberían cambiar como resultado de ello. La pregunta que suele plantearse es la siguiente: ¿cuál es realmente la diferencia que plantea la agricultura en pequeña escala “climáticamente inteligente”, que trasciende las mejores prácticas utilizadas usualmente en el ámbito del desarrollo?

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Uganda

abril 2012
For over 30 years, IFAD has been strongly committed to rural poverty reduction in Uganda. Since 1982, the organization has contributed approximately US$300 million in highly concessional terms to finance 14 projects and programmes with the objective of empowering poor people in the country’s rural areas. It has also made six country grants totalling US$4.2 million. IFAD is currently providing financing and technical assistance for five ongoing projects and programmes.

Investing in rural people in Burundi

marzo 2012
IFAD has funded nine programmes and projects in Burundi for a total investment of US$141 million. IFAD’s experience in the country confirms that even under adverse circumstances programmes and projects conceived and designed on the basis of adequate consultations with incentives to rural communities can help improve household food security. During more than a decade of open conflict in Burundi, IFAD continued to implement programme and project activities. In keeping with its mandate for rural and agricultural development, the organization supported participation in social development and the cohesion of rural communities that were directly or indirectly affected by massacres and combat. By continuing activities in the face of insecurity and within the constraints of an international embargo on Burundi, IFAD helped communities maintain a sense of normalcy.  

Facilitar el acceso de los jóvenes rurales a las actividades agrícolas

febrero 2012
Este documento de trabajo para la sesión de juventud del Foro Campesino 2012 proporciona una visión de conjunto de las conclusiones del proyecto común MIJARC/FIDA/FAO sobre “Facilitar el acceso de los jóvenes rurales . a las actividades agrícolas’. Este documento será completado e inserido en el informe final que se publicará después del Foro Campesino.

Good Practices in Building Innovative Rural Institutions to Increase Food Security

febrero 2012
Evidence from the ground shows that when strong rural organizations such as producer groups and cooperatives provide a full range of services to small producers, they are able to play a greater role in meeting a growing food demand on local, national and international markets. Indeed, a myriad of such institutional innovations from around the world are documented in this FAO case-study-based publication. Nevertheless, to be able to provide a broad array of services to their members, organizations have to develop a dense network of relationships among small producers, between small-producer organizations and with markets actors and policy-makers.

Syrian Arab Republic: Thematic study on participatory rangeland management in the Badia - Badia Rangelands Development Project

febrero 2012
The Syrian Arab Republic, like other countries of the Middle East, North Africa and Central Asia, is a dry country that is prone to drought, with large areas of desert or semi-desert that are too fragile to be cultivated but will support grazing for a restricted number of livestock. These areas of ecological fragility, if overgrazed and poorly managed, can quickly become degraded and desertified and, in the worst case scenario, can eventually become biologically sterile. Good management of these resources is therefore critical to maintaining healthy ecosystems and the livelihoods that depend on them.

Democratic Republic of the Congo: Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples Issues

enero 2012
The DRC is a multi-ethnic country with some 250 ethnic groups, including several indigenous Pygmy groups.

Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2011

enero 2012
In its efforts to help poor rural people overcome poverty, IFAD aims to ensure that development funds reach them in the most efficient, effective and transparent manner possible. Fraud and corruption divert resources away from the people who need them most. The goal of IFAD’s Policy on Preventing Fraud and Corruption in its Activities and Operations (EB 2005/85/R.5/Rev.1 - “the anticorruption policy”), is the prevention of fraud and corruption within the Fund itself and in activities financed by IFAD at local, national, regional and international levels.

Enabling poor rural to overcome poverty in Yemen

diciembre 2011
IFAD is currently one of the two largest donors supporting Yemen’s rural agricultural sector. IFAD has worked in Yemen since the Fund’s creation, and has acquired a wealth of experience and knowledge of the economy and society, and developed a wide network of partners in the country. IFAD’s goal in Yemen is to achieve improved, diversified and sustainable livelihoods for poor rural women, men and young people, especially those who depend on rainfed agriculture and livestock production systems in the poorest areas. IFAD has three main strategic objectives in Yemen: • empowering rural communities by strengthening partnerships with civil society organizations and using community-driven approaches so that poor rural people can manage local community development activities; • promoting sustainable rural financial services and pro-poor rural enterprises by developing savings and credit associations for disadvantaged groups in remote rural areas and developing rural enterprises that provide jobs for the unemployed, especially young people and women; • enhancing food security for poor households by restoring the productive agricultural base and improving productivity so that poor households can produce enough for household needs and a surplus that can be sold.

Dar a la población rural pobre de Honduras la oportunidad de salir de la pobreza

noviembre 2011
Los préstamos y donaciones del FIDA han apoyado las inversiones gubernamentales en programas de reducción de la pobreza desde 1979. Antes de 1998, cuando el huracán Mitch devastó el país, el FIDA era una de las únicas instituciones internacionales que invertía en el desarrollo rural y el alivio de la pobreza en Honduras. El FIDA también diseñó uno de los primeros proyectos que se ejecutaron tras el desastroso huracán: el Proyecto del Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Rural Sostenible (FONADERS).

Performance of IPAF small projects: Desk review 2011

noviembre 2011
In June 2006, the World Bank and IFAD agreed to transfer the World Bank’s Grants Facility for Indigenous Peoples to IFAD. In September, the transfer was approved by IFAD’s Executive Board. This marked the beginning of the IFAD Indigenous Peoples Assistance Facility (IPAF), which issues public calls for proposals and makes small grants to support indigenous and tribal peoples throughout the world. Development projects financed through IPAF aim to improve indigenous peoples’ access to key decision-making processes, empower indigenous peoples to find solutions to the challenges they face, and respond to indigenous peoples’ holistic perspectives. The projects build on indigenous culture, identity, knowledge, natural resources, intellectual property and human rights. This report, prepared by an independent consultant, provides an overview of the performance of 53 small IPAF-funded projects in delivering results and improving the lives of their target groups. About 45,000 people directly benefited from these projects, and more than half of them were women. Project services reached about 1,200 communities. Primary project activities were training and individual capacity-building in such topics as security of tenure, natural resource management, agricultural technologies, traditional medicine, indigenous peoples’ rights, community programming, literacy and HIV/AIDS prevention.

Weather Index-based Insurance in agricultural development: a technical guide

noviembre 2011
Poor rural people in developing countries are vulnerable to a range of risks and constraints that impede their socio-economic development. Weather risk, in particular, is pervasive in agriculture.

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