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IFAD Annual Report 2007

juin 2008
Découvrez, dans notre Rapport annuel 2007, les actions entreprises par le FIDA pour promouvoir la transformation du monde rural. Le document montre aussi comment nos investissements autonomisent les ruraux, femmes et hommes, et présente les données et les chiffres que nous communiquons à nos États membres et nos partenaires. Vous pourrez également en apprendre davantage sur les activités de plaidoyer que nous menons au nom des communautés rurales à travers le monde.

Institutional and organizational analysis for pro-poor change: meeting IFAD's millennium challenge - A sourcebook

juin 2008
As part of its obligations undertaken to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, IFAD committed itself to enabling the rural poor to help themselves out of poverty by increasing theirorganizational capacity to influence institutions of relevance to rural poverty reduction (policies, laws and regulations). As a result, IFAD has embarked upon a process to strengthen its own organizational competencies in institutional analysis and dialogue. This sourcebook is an attempt to complement and further this process. It has been written keeping in mind the needs of country programme managers, as well as consultants working with IFAD.

D’une agriculture de subsistance à la rentabilité: les avantages des puits agricoles à Sri Lanka

juin 2008
L’agriculture est devenue une activité rentable pour les petits agriculteurs vivant dans les régions arides du Sri Lanka depuis que des puits agricoles de grande dimension et bien construits ont été aménagés. Le Projet régional de promotion économique (REAP), mis en oeuvre dans le district de Matale de 1999 à 2007, en est un exemple. Le projet a été financé en grande partie par un prêt du FIDA, d’un montant de 11,7 millions d’USD, au Gouvernement sri lankais. Assorti d’une enveloppe budgétaire de 14,5 millions d’USD au total, environ 30 000 ménages en ont bénéficié. L’une des activités majeures de la sous-composante du projet consacrée à la conservation des sols et à la gestion de l’eau concernait la fourniture d’une assistance technique aux agriculteurs défavorisés pour les aider à construire des puits agricoles destinés à l’irrigation. Cette activité a démarré en 2001.

IFAD, the African Union and the New Partnership for Africa's Development

mai 2008
IFAD has been working closely with the African Union (AU) and the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) since they were established in July 2001, seeking new ways to combat rural poverty across the continent. African leaders created NEPAD to promote sustainable development and strengthen efforts to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the international community’s time-bound targets to meet the needs of the world’s poorest people. Within the framework of NEPAD, the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) was prepared in June 2002.

Enabling poor rural people to overcome poverty in Lesotho

mai 2008
The main objectives of IFAD’s operations in the country are to improve food security and family nutrition. Since 1980, IFAD has supported agricultural development by investing a total of US$64.3 million in seven programmes and projects to reduce poverty in the country’s rural areas. Normally, Lesotho is not in a position to grow enough food to feed its growing population. Offsetting the effects on poor households of declining agricultural production, IFAD investments support the efforts of small-scale farmers to ensure food security for their families and improve their incomes. Increased productivity is a key to achieving these aims and to reducing poverty in rural areas. IFAD finances programmes and projects that encourage poor people’s participation in the planning and development of income-generating activities, including microenterprises.

IFAD' s Action Plan for Improving its Development Effectiveness

avril 2008
In 2004 and 2005, IFAD underwent a comprehensive Independent External Evaluation (IEE). The evaluation was conducted to determine IFAD’s contribution to rural poverty reduction, examine the relevance of its mission and objectives, assess its corporate learning and performance, and make recommendations on policy directions and steps to improve IFAD’s performance. It was, at the time, probably the most ambitious exercise of its kind for a United Nations agency, breaking new ground in addressing institutional performance in terms of impact.

Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2007

janvier 2008
The Investigation Section of the Office of Audit and Oversight (OA-IS) was set up in 2006 with a mandate to investigate alleged irregular practices, namely (i) fraud and corruption, when applied to entities, contractors and non-staff individuals applying for or participating in IFAD-financed activities, and (ii) staff misconduct. This was pursuant to the adoption by the Executive Board in December 2005 of the IFAD Policy on Preventing Fraud and Corruption in its Activities and Operations (EB 2005/85/R.5/Rev.1, paragraph 26). The establishment of a Sanctions Committee and the development of debarment procedures in February 2007 further bolstered the effectiveness of the IFAD investigative and sanctions process. These changes aligned IFAD with best practices applied by other United Nations agencies and the major multilateral development banks (MDBs) in this area.

Sending Money Home - Worldwide Remittance Flows to Developing and Transition Countries

décembre 2007
This report on remitance flows to developing and transition countries is based on a data research study commissioned by IFAD from Dr Manuel Orozco of the Inter-American Dialogue, in collaboration with the Multilateral Investment Fund of the Inter-American Development Bank.

Initiative de développement agricole et rural pour le Sahel (SARDI)

novembre 2007
Le SARDI est une réponse concertée, à la fois à court et à long termes, aux causes structurelles profondes des crises alimentaires dans la sous-région sahélienne, traduisant un engagement à en finir avec le spectre de la famine et la résurgence des crises. L’initiative contribuera à réduire la pauvreté des ménages et à prévenir l’insécurité alimentaire conjoncturelle et la malnutrition à travers : • l’accroissement de la production agricole, de la productivité et l’amélioration de l’accès des producteurs au marché • l’amélioration des systèmes d’alerte précoce des Etats et le développement de systèmes de gestion des crises

Irriguer pour mieux cultiver : la réussite du Haut Bassin du Mandrare. L’expérience de 12 années d’intervention du PHBM (1996-2008)

novembre 2007
Le potentiel irrigable du Haut Bassin du Mandrare est connu depuis très longtemps. La zone du Haut Bassin du Mandrare divisée en six sous-bassins versants qui alimentent le Mandrare bénéficie d’une bonne pluviométrie (normalement comprise entre 800 et 1100 mm) par rapport aux autres zones de l’extrême Sud de Madagascar. Les sols des vallées sont fertiles et se prêtent à la riziculture irriguée, activité agricole pratiquée par 60 % des habitants de la zone.

Enabling the rural poor to overcome poverty in Swaziland

octobre 2007
IFAD’s intention is to help poor rural households by creating sustainable jobs, reducing poverty and guaranteeing food security. To meet this goal IFAD places emphasis on intensifying agricultural output and supporting smallholders within irrigation schemes, as well as helping develop small rural businesses. In particular, IFAD works to improve linkages to financial services and markets, to support providers of financial and marketing services and to strengthen the capacity of poor rural communities and their institutions. The Government of Swaziland, key stakeholders and IFAD are jointly designing a new investment focusing on rural finance and enterprise development.

Investing in rural people in Comoros

octobre 2007
Le FIDA prend appui sur les communautés et leurs organisations pour développer des activités génératrices d’emploi, agricole ou non, et de revenus. Les cultures vivrières, la production laitière et la recherche de débouchés commerciaux pour ces produits dans les quatre îles de l’archipel feront l’objet d’une attention particulière, ainsi que la conservation et la transformation locale des produits. En ce qui concerne les cultures de rente, le FIDA financera sous forme de don la mise en relation des producteurs avec les marchés équitables.

IFAD Annual Report 2006

juin 2007
Découvrez, dans notre Rapport annuel 2006, les actions entreprises par le FIDA pour promouvoir la transformation du monde rural. Le document montre aussi comment nos investissements autonomisent les ruraux, femmes et hommes, et présente les données et les chiffres que nous communiquons à nos États membres et nos partenaires. Vous pourrez également en apprendre davantage sur les activités de plaidoyer que nous menons au nom des communautés rurales à travers le monde.

Improving marketing strategies in Western and Central Africa

juin 2007
Many rural development efforts in Western and Central Africa have focused on how to improve poor farmers’ yields. But better yields have not always translated into greater incomes. As the use of cassava has grown, the role of efficient markets and a better coordinated cassava chain have become increasingly important to producers and processors who depend on a stable cassava sector for income.

IFAD in the Near East and North Africa region

janvier 2007
IFAD’s work in the region is guided by the organization’s Strategic Framework, its four thematic priorities for the region and by individual country strategic opportunities papers (COSOPs), reflecting governments’ own priorities in rural development and prepared in consultation with governments, donors and other partners.

Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2006

janvier 2007
The Oversight Committee (OVC) was established in May 2000 with a mandate to coordinate investigations into alleged irregular practices, namely (i) fraud and corruption, when applied to entities, contractors and non-staff individuals applying for or participating in IFAD-financed activities, and (ii) staff misconduct. The efforts of the Fund to prevent the incidence of fraud and corruption in its activities and operations were further boosted through the adoption of an anticorruption policy by the Executive Board in November 2005. Throughout 2006, IFAD worked towards introducing the structures and tools required for implementing its anticorruption policy. In 2006, the investigative capacity of the OVC was considerably reinforced with the establishment of the Investigation Section within the Office of Internal Audit. The OVC took specific actions to model its operating procedures and practices according to quality standards and best practices. It also took the lead in other activities related to implementation of the IFAD anticorruption policy, which included organizing an external review of the Fund’s investigation and sanction processes. The review prompted a major institutional reform of IFAD’s legal framework and procedures for conducting investigations and imposing sanctions, including the disbanding of the OVC, redefinition of the role of the Office of Internal Audit (renamed the Office of Audit and Oversight), establishment of a sanctions committee, and development of debarment procedures. These changes were introduced in early 2007, aligning IFAD with best practices applied by other United Nations agencies and the major multilateral development banks in this area.

Linking land and water governance

juin 2006
Secure access by rural poor people to both land and water is central to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, in particular the target of reducing by half the proportion of people living in extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. Most of these people depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. However, international debate continues to address land and water issues separately, and to view the significant use of water in agriculture as problematic.
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First mile project - factsheet 2

mars 2006
Le projet First Mile est destiné à aider les petits agriculteurs, les commerçants, les transformateurs et les autres acteurs des zones rurales pauvres à mettre en place des filières commerciales reliant les producteurs aux consommateurs. Une bonne communication est vitale. Le projet encourage les membres de communautés rurales isolées à utiliser le téléphone mobile, le courrier électronique et l'Internet pour s'échanger des données d'expérience et de bonnes pratiques locales, dans le cadre d'un apprentissage mutuel. Si les technologies de la communication sont importantes, le succès réel de l'entreprise dépend du renforcement de la confiance et de l'esprit de collaboration tout au long de la filière commerciale. Les agriculteurs et les autres intervenants finissent par acquérir les connaissances et l'expérience locales nécessaires et par les partager – même avec les membres de communautés éloignées – pour concevoir ainsi des idées nouvelles.

IFAD Annual Report 2005

mars 2006
Vous pouvez découvrir, dans le Rapport annuel 2005, les résultats des activités du FIDA. Le document présente aussi des récits concernant les populations rurales dans lesquelles nous investissons, et évoque les activités de plaidoyer que nous menons pour que les besoins des communautés rurales demeurent en tête des priorités dans l'agenda international pour le développement.

Annual report on investigative and anti-corruption activities 2005

janvier 2006
The IFAD Oversight Committee (OVC) was established by the President of IFAD in May 2000 to coordinate investigations into alleged irregular practices as a means of ensuring consistent, prompt and appropriate responses to allegations. The OVC investigates allegations of irregular practices pertaining to activities within IFAD or in connection with operations and contracts financed by IFAD, decides on the investigative actions to be taken, determines the role of IFAD in investigations involving external parties (such as national authorities or cooperating institutions), and reports to the President the facts that have emerged from the investigation.

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