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How to do note: Youth access to rural finance

mai 2015
IFAD’s mission is to invest in rural people, with the objective of overcoming poverty. Young people have increasingly become a priority target for IFAD as part of the agency’s fight against rural poverty (IFAD, 2014a).

ASAP Lesotho factsheet

mai 2015
Lesotho ranks 158 out of 186 in the UNDP Human Development Index. Poverty is rife, and it is concentrated in the rural areas of the country, with the greatest incidence in the mountain areas. Lesotho's rural economy is dominated by livestock production. Lesotho's chief export is directly related to this livestock, that of wool and mohair production. Lesotho is the second largest global producer of mohair, and this counts towards a large percentage of the country 's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Only high quality wool and mohair can be exported, and this is dependent on the quality and health of the livestock. The main factor in raising high quality livestock is maintaining healthy rangelands.

ASAP Chad factsheet

mai 2015
Climate change is exacerbating natural resource degradation and reducing the potential of productive lands. For example, rural farmers have to contend with climate shocks such as drought, rainfall deficits, floods and locust invasions. These shocks are reducing yields and making the cropping seasons hard to predict for traditional farmers. Traditional resilience strategies are no longer as effective as they were and the lean season is becoming more challenging to smallholder farmers.

Note sur la transposition à plus grande échelle: Gestion de l'eau à usage agricole

mai 2015
L'eau revêt une importance cruciale pour le développement humain, l'environnement et l'économie. L’accès à l'eau et la sécurité hydrique sont des facteurs déterminants pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire, accroître les revenus et renforcer les moyens d’existence des communautés rurales. L’accès fiable aux ressources hydriques constitue encore aujourd’hui un enjeu majeur pour des millions de paysans pauvres, principalement dans les zones de culture pluviale, mais aussi pour ceux qui pratiquent une agriculture irriguée. Le changement climatique et l’évolution du régime des pluies qui en résulte représentent une menace pour bien d'autres agriculteurs, qui risquent de perdre leurs acquis en termes de sécurité hydrique et de retomber ainsi dans le piège de la pauvreté. On ne soulignera donc jamais assez la nécessité de renforcer la capacité des communautés à adopter et diffuser les techniques de gestion de l'eau à usage agricole.

Investing in rural people in Cuba

avril 2015
IFAD recently resumed operations in Cuba after more than 20 years. The official launch of the Cooperative Rural Development Project in the Oriental Region (PRODECOR) took place on 30 October 2014. Given the challenges the agricultural sector faces, IFAD is in a position to serve as one of the country’s strategic partners, contributing to the ongoing modernization process. Cooperatives in Cuba are key actors in ensuring food security, as they represent 80 per cent of the country’s agricultural production. The Government of Cuba has expressed interest in re-establishing the partnership with IFAD with a view to modernizing agriculture. This will be achieved mainly through developing non-state smallholder farmer business cooperatives. In this respect, IFAD is well placed to provide technical assistance through its projects to increase the physical, human, social and environmental assets of cooperatives.

Envoi de fonds et services bancairesmobiles: un moyen de contourner les difficultés habituelles

avril 2015
Plus de 90% de la population est généralement desservie par la téléphonie mobile, y compris dans les pays en développement, c’est pourquoi passer directement aux services bancaires mobiles pourrait permettre de relever la plupart des défis auxquels sont confrontés les destinataires des envois de fonds vivant en milieu rural.

Viewpoint 5: The human face of development: Investing in people

avril 2015
When we look at the world today, we see impressive gains as well as daunting challenges. The Millennium Development Goal target of halving extreme poverty rates was met at the global level five years ahead of the 2015 deadline. There are now more than 100 middle-income countries, as diverse as Brazil, Lesotho and Vanuatu. It is estimated that developing countries’ share of the global middle-class population will rise from 55 per cent today to 78 per cent by 2025. However, amid rising affluence in some countries and regions, there is also growing inequality. In 2015, there will still be 970 million people living in poverty – the vast majority of them in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. And there remain 842 million chronically undernourished people in the world. Volatile commodity prices bring hunger to the poorest, and instability to markets and societies. Climate change and environmental degradation throw long shadows over all of humanity’s gains. Against this background, we must confront the question of how humankind is going to continue to feed and sustain itself in the future.

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