Saut au contenu

Empowering rural women and their communities

Women are major contributors to agriculture and rural economies, but face numerous challenges that men do not. They have less access to resources and services, including land, finance, training, inputs and equipment. In addition to their agricultural work, they are overburdened with domestic chores and caring tasks. 

Despite being productive members of their families, organizations and communities, rural women are not always able to raise their voices and contribute to decisions about household and community issues, money or business – including how their own income is spent. 

Throughout their lives, rural women face barriers to full mobility and political participation. It starts early, with girls less likely than boys to receive the schooling and support they need. 

Many written laws still discriminate on the basis of gender, and traditions and patriarchal norms continue to perpetuate gender inequality. As a result, women’s rights, movement, autonomy and access to opportunities and resources are restricted. 

In communities that rely largely on agriculture for their food and income, gender inequality translates into a large gender gap in agricultural productivity, for which countries pay a high price. In Uganda, for example, the cost of the gender gap in the country’s agriculture sector is estimated at US$67 million per year. 

Building a more inclusive economy

Promoting gender equality is a key element of IFAD’s work to reduce rural poverty and improve food security. Women make up about half of all participants of the projects we support. When women are empowered, families, communities and countries benefit. 

IFAD has been at the forefront of gender equality in rural communities, with a focus on transformative and long-lasting results. Our programmes and projects are inclusive and results-oriented. They help rural women grow more food, connect to markets, increase their incomes, and become more literate and financially skilled. 

Women’s empowerment cannot be achieved without change at a household level, involving all members, young and old, women and men. 

IFAD, in cooperation with its partners, is one of the leading agencies pioneering the innovative approach of using Household Methodologies (HHMs). This approach seeks to change the persistent pattern of gender inequality, particularly among farming families and communities.

HHMs shift the focus from the individual to the household level, and from things – such as assets, resources and infrastructure – to people, and who they aspire to be and what they aspire to do.

Participants learn about the links between poverty and gender inequality in the household, while developing a shared vision for the family’s development. 

The results have been transformational. Improving the status of women has led to greater agricultural productivity and the fairer distribution of labour. There have been other game-changing development outcomes, such as improved child nutrition, since women are more likely than men to spend their income on food and education. 

Empowered women are able to participate more fully in their communities and encourage inclusive local policies that further drive rural development


Protecting women’s rights in the face of domestic violence in India and Burundi

Each year, to raise public awareness of gender-based violence across the world, the United Nations recognizes 25 November as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women.




Southern Federally Administered Tribal Areas Development Project
Read More

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Rural Competitiveness Development Programme
Read More


Maranhão Rural Poverty Alleviation Project
Read More

Related news

IFAD and Bangladesh invest US$92.4 million to improve livelihoods for poorest rural households in flood-prone areas

février 2018 - NEWS
The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and Bangladesh signed a financing agreement today to sustainably improve incomes and promote resilience to extreme weather conditions for 303,000 rural households in six flood-prone districts in northern Bangladesh.

L'investissement agricole peut avoir un impact considérable sur la vie des femmes et des filles dans les pays en développement, déclare le Président du FIDA

décembre 2017 - NEWS
L'investissement dans l'agriculture et le développement rural pourrait être l'un des meilleurs moyens, pour le Canada, de réaliser les objectifs de sa nouvelle politique d'aide internationale féministe, en faisant en sorte que l'égalité des sexes et l'autonomisation économique deviennent des réalités pour des millions de femmes et de filles dans les pays en développement du monde entier. Tel est le message que M. Gilbert F. Houngbo, Président du Fonds international de développement agricole (FIDA), apportera à Ottawa lundi, lorsqu'il rencontrera Mme Marie-Claude Bibeau, Ministre du développement international et de la francophonie du Canada.

UN agencies in Rome step up on gender equality to end hunger and poverty

mars 2017 - NEWS
Leaders from the three UN Rome-based agencies today marked International Women’s Day by reinforcing their commitments to step up efforts to invest in the capacities of rural women as key agents of change in building a world without hunger.

Related publications

Research Series Issue 19 - Measuring Women's Empowerment in Agriculture: A Streamlined Approach

décembre 2017

The Women’s Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI) can be a useful tool to measure the empowerment, agency and inclusion of women in the agriculture sector. However, computing the WEAI in its current form involves large data requirements, resulting in lengthy surveys with several questions on various dimensions and indicators within each dimension. This paper proposes a reduced version of the WEAI, or the R-WEAI, and examines two possible approaches to reduce the data requirements while ensuring comparability to the full WEAI.


Gender mainstreaming in IFAD10

octobre 2016

L’appui du FIDA en faveur de l’égalité des sexes et de l’autonomisation des femmes est solidement établi. Son engagement dans ce domaine s’étend sur 25 années, depuis le document de 1992 sur les stratégies du FIDA concernant la promotion économique des femmes rurales pauvres jusqu’au Pland’action 2003-2006 sur l’intégration des questions de parité hommes-femmes dans les opérations du FIDA, l’Évaluation au niveau de l’institution de la performance du FIDA en matière d’égalité des sexes et d’autonomisation des femmes, conduite en 2010 par le Bureau indépendant de l’évaluation, et enfin la politique de 2012 concernant l’égalité des sexes et l’autonomisation de la femme.

How to do note: Poverty targeting, gender equality and empowerment during project design

août 2017
This How To Do Note (HTDN) provides guidance in addressing targeting, gender equality and women’s empowerment in the context of the IFAD project design cycle.


Contact us

For questions please contact Anja Rabezanahary,

Junior Professional Officer, Gender and Social Inclusion,

+39 0654592411,