UN agencies join forces to bring weather insurance to rural poor people
Press release No.: IFAD/56/08
Rome, 17 November 2008 – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) have launched a joint initiative with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation which aims to help provide poor rural farmers with financial protection following natural hazard events.
Under the initiative, the foundation is providing US$998,000 in funding to support the research and planning for insurance schemes designed to help shield small farmers from the impact of natural disasters and climate change.
"Poor people in rural areas are vulnerable to the harsh effects of natural hazards, such as drought and floods. Weather index-based insurance can dramatically improve their ability to predict and cope with the impact of severe weather events exacerbated by climate change," said Ulrich Hess, Chief of Risk Reduction and Disaster Mitigation Policy at WFP and team leader of this IFAD-WFP partnership.
Extreme weather events and natural disasters can devastate agriculture and trap rural households in poverty. Droughts and flooding can impede development and drain a country's critical financial resources.
Of the nearly one billion people living on less than US$1 a day, three out of four live in rural areas in developing countries. Most depend on agricultural activities for their livelihoods yet lack the institutional and financial capacity to withstand the impact of extreme weather events.
Support from the foundation will be used to assess the experience of ongoing initiatives in index insurance and define the key factors in creating widespread access to index insurance. This analysis will benefit from collaborations of leading public and private sector experts in the field.
The IFAD-WFP team will also develop an overall strategy for a joint Weather Risk Management Facility (WRMF) that would build the capacity of public and private entities in weather insurance and develop and test delivery models for index insurance relevant to rural smallholders.
"This collaboration between IFAD and WFP on index insurance will help bridge the gap between emergency relief and rural development. Affordable insurance can help improve the livelihoods of poor, rural smallholders by enabling them to protect themselves and their financial security, in the event of a crisis," said Kevin Cleaver, Assistant President of the Programme Management Department at IFAD, emphasizing the agency's commitment to increasing the ongoing access of smallholders to a wide range of financial services.
Weather index-based insurance schemes have been successfully piloted in a number of countries, including Ethiopia, Malawi, Nicaragua, Honduras and India. Payouts to farmers who subscribe to the schemes are triggered by pre-defined and independently-verifiable indices tracking events such as lack of rainfall during critical crop growing periods. Weather indexed insurance has also been piloted by WFP as the basis for the first humanitarian insurance policy for Ethiopia.
"This grant supports an important joint initiative that will explore the most sustainable strategies to increase the financial security of millions of people who are living with the constant threat of weather-related disasters," said Amolo Ng'weno, deputy director of Financial Services for the Poor for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. "This collaboration will seek to address some of the most significant issues and challenges associated with providing index insurance products to rural smallholders on a large scale and open their access to savings and other financial services."
A number of strategic partners will play critical roles in this work, including the World Meteorological Organization, which establishes quality and accessibility standards for weather data around the world. In addition, the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI) will support the climate science behind this project and disseminate some of the findings.
IFAD was created 30 years ago to tackle rural poverty, a key consequence of the droughts and famines of the early 1970s. Since 1978, IFAD has invested more than US$10 billion in low-interest loans and grants that have helped over 400 million very poor rural women and men increase their incomes and provide for their families. IFAD is an international financial institution and a specialized United Nations agency. It is a global partnership of OECD, OPEC and other developing countries. Today, IFAD supports more than 200 programmes and projects in 85 developing countries and one territory.
WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency, working to put hunger at the centre of the international agenda, promoting policies, strategies and operations that directly benefit the poor and hungry. This year, WFP plans to feed more than 90 million people in around 80 countries. As the food assistance arm of the UN, WFP uses its food to meet emergency needs and support economic and social development. WFP also provides the logistics support necessary to get food to the right people at the right time and in the right place.
WFP now provides RSS feeds to help journalists keep up with the latest press releases, videos and photos as they are published on WFP.org.
For more details see WFP website. WFP now has a dedicated ISDN line in Italy for quality two-way interviews with WFP officials.
About the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Guided by the belief that every life has equal value, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation works to help all people lead healthy, productive lives. In developing countries, it focuses on improving people's health and giving them the chance to lift themselves out of hunger and extreme poverty. In the United States, it seeks to ensure that all people—especially those with the fewest resources—have access to the opportunities they need to succeed in school and life. Based in Seattle, the foundation is led by CEO Jeff Raikes and co-chair William H. Gates Sr., under the direction of Bill and Melinda Gates and Warren Buffett.