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Small Island Developing States (SIDS)

 

Small Island Developing States (SIDS) are a distinct group of developing countries with specific social, economic, environmental, food and nutrition-related vulnerabilities. SIDS include countries relatively rich by developing country standards but also some of the poorest countries in the world.

With a few exceptions, the bulk of the population in SIDS is concentrated in rural areas. Limited land area limits agricultural production, typically resulting in low diversity of crops and food products, and significantly increasing import dependence. Great distance to major import and export markets and high sensitivity to external shocks, particularly the transmission of  food price volatility, further hamper food and nutrition security.

SIDS are threatened by receding land area, ocean acidification and diminished freshwater availability for agriculture as a consequence of both climate change and overexploitation of natural resources. SIDS are also extremely resources rich countries with the oceans providing unique opportunities for sustainable socio-economic development and have a rich cultural diversity. IFAD recognizes SIDS specific challenges but also their untapped potential.

In focus

Blog

Video

  • Small island developing states share some unique challenges and opportunities. This video, created to screen at the International Conference of Small Island Developing States on 1 September 2014, looks at how IFAD is partnering to help farmers in São Tomé, Grenada and Fiji to access bigger markets.

  • São Tomé was once the world's biggest exporter of cocoa, but a decade ago the global cocoa price crash destroyed the industry here and desperate farmers have been clearing the forests to find alternative ways to make a living. But then the rising global demand for organic chocolate changed everything. IFAD joined forces with French organic chocolate company, Kaoka, to revive the island's cocoa industry. And it looks like chocolate might just save this island.

  • Cicia island in Fiji is pristine and the elders intend to keep it that way. Last year they declared Cicia an organic island and they believe organics is the key to a healthy and prosperous future for the next generation. But the islanders cannot make money from organics without being officially certified and external certification is far too expensive for them. But now through an innovative system, they are certifying themselves.

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