Remote sensing for index insurance - Findings and lessons learned for smallholder agriculture

October 2017
Index insurance has a role to play in agricultural development and risk management, yet it faces operational and technical challenges to reach scale and sustainability. Data are a key challenge and were the focus of the project “Improving Agricultural Risk Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Remote Sensing for Index Insurance”. Limited availability, accessibility, quantity and poor quality of data on the ground are some of the primary technical constraints preventing scale-up and sustainability of index insurance. Without sufficient quality data, either it is impossible to design products for some areas and countries, or products that are designed can become unreliable, not compensating when they should. These inconsistencies intensify vulnerability, lead to distrust of insurance, and ultimately have an impact on demand. This publication details the project, which investigated overcoming issues with ground data by using remote sensing data for index insurance. It describes the different remote sensing options and opportunities available for index insurance, but it also recommends further investment in research and development, supplementary ground data and capacity-building going forward. 
LANGUAGES: English

How to do note: Engaging with farmers’ organizations for more effective smallholder development

October 2017
​Smallholder farmers use different strategies to improve their market presence and to capture more value added in the agricultural sector. These strategies include the creation of cooperatives and other farmers’ organizations (FOs). FOs exist today in all countries and in most rural areas, although at different levels of development and capacity. At the national or supranational levels, these organizations are more and more involved in policy dialogue, where they can influence the design and implementation of agricultural public policies and programmes. Also, they can be significant economic players, providing a wide range of key economic services to their members to support profitable engagement with markets, thus contributing to sustained growth and to tackling the challenge of reducing rural poverty.
LANGUAGES: English

How to do note: Poverty targeting, gender equality and empowerment during project design

August 2017
This How To Do Note (HTDN) provides guidance in addressing targeting, gender equality and women’s empowerment in the context of the IFAD project design cycle.
LANGUAGES: English

IFAD’s approach to policy engagement

April 2017
Policies affect every dimension of the economic environment in which poor people pursue their livelihoods, and enabling policies are essential for providing the conditions for inclusive and sustainable rural transformation. Because the policy framework can have such a dramatic impact – positive or negative – on the opportunities open to rural people and on their livelihoods, IFAD recognizes that it has a key role to play, drawing on its specialized expertise to promote enabling country-level policies for rural people. Thus, the IFAD Strategic Framework 2016-2025 makes it clear that policy engagement is one of the four pillars supporting the achievement of IFAD’s development results in its country programme delivery, and that in IFAD’s business model, partnerships and policy engagement with governments are the basis for the formulation and country ownership of IFAD-supported programmes. 
LANGUAGES: English

How to do note: Conservation agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa

December 2016
This “How To Do” note offers guidance on the design, implementation and scaling up of a CA programme or project in sub-Saharan Africa. It begins with a summary of the key issues and associated questions  and follows this with lessons gained from experience.
LANGUAGES: English

Gabon: Scaling up Note

November 2016
Rural development in Gabon depends largely on growth in the agro-sylvo-pastoral subsector, but the development of the country’s agricultural potential remains incipient. The various strategies adopted by the Government since independence have not succeeded in revitalizing the sector. Currently the agriculture sector employs about 40 per cent of the country’s rural population, although it contributes just 5 per cent of GDP and represents just 0.7 per cent of the government budget. Agricultural land occupies 20 per cent (5.2 million hectares) of the country’s territory, contrasting with the small share of sector activity taking place on less than 10 per cent of arable land. The rural population, which accounted for 20 per cent of the Gabonese people in 2000, is falling steadily as the urban population grows, and represented just 13 per cent of the population in 2013.
LANGUAGES: English, French

Indigenous Peoples Glossary (English, French, Spanish)

October 2016
This publication presents IFAD’s first glossary of terms related to indigenous peoples. It has been developed jointly by specialized staff in the Office of the
Secretary (Language Services) and the Indigenous Peoples Desk in the Policy and Technical Advisory Division. The purpose of the glossary is to ensure
consistency and accuracy of terminology in English, French and Spanish, and standardize the terminology used in relation to indigenous peoples in official
documentation and publications, and in all aspects of meeting preparations. It is intended for use by IFAD staff, indigenous peoples' organizations and other
interested parties. Terms and definitions are accompanied by details of the source document and its date of publication.
LANGUAGES: English

Toolkit: Formalising community-based microfinance institutions

September 2016
Microfinance institutions (MFI) take various forms these days, among them: projects, credit union or village banking networks, savings and credit cooperatives and mutual institutions, associations, capital companies, etc.
LANGUAGES: English, French

How to do note - Formalising community-based microfinance institutions

September 2016
The purpose of this publication is to provide IFAD CPMs, MFIs, and all technical and financial partners with a methodological tool that will facilitate efficient implementation of the institutional transformation or regrouping processes of microfinance institutions, especially those that serve rural populations – processes that a priori are highly complex. 
LANGUAGES: English, French

Lessons learned - Formalising community-based microfinance institutions

September 2016
Despite the progress made in the microfinance sector, its expansion has been hindered in large measure by institutional and financial impediments. This situation has led some institutions to embark on an institutionalization, institutional transformation, or regrouping process to overcome the obstacles in their path.
LANGUAGES: English, French

How to do note: Mainstreaming portable biogas systems into IFAD-supported projects

June 2016
Access to modern renewable energy services is a key factor in eradicating poverty and ensuring food security.

The Traditional Knowledge Advantage: Indigenous peoples’ knowledge in climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies

April 2016

For IFAD, indigenous peoples represent a significant target group because they face economic, social, political and cultural disadvantages in the societies in which they live, resulting in extreme poverty and vulnerability.

IFAD’s strategic advantage lies in its targeting and its people-centred approach, which take into account the differentiated and context-specific conditions of poor rural people, as well as in the Fund’s particular ability to reach marginalized and vulnerable groups, of which indigenous people represent a large percentage.

In the past decade, IFAD has made significant progress in enhancing its development effectiveness with regard to indigenous peoples. It established instruments to support indigenous peoples’ selfdriven development and their full and effective participation at all levels. 

How to do note: Reducing rural women’s domestic workload through labour-saving technologies and practices

April 2016

This How To Do Note looks at the opportunities provided by labour-saving technologies and practices for rural women in the domestic sphere. The purpose is to inform IFAD country programme managers, project teams and partners of proven labour-saving methods available to reduce the domestic workload and how they can best be selected and implemented – to help promote equitable workloads between men and women and contribute to poverty eradication. 

The annexes give an overview of the most burdensome domestic chores and identify key labour-saving technologies and practices available to address them.

LANGUAGES: English

Lessons learned: Reducing women’s domestic workload through water investments

April 2016

There is a recognized need in the water sector for more accurate data on access to water in terms of the distance travelled and the time needed to collect water to meet all household needs, and who or what combination of people are involved in water collection. 

More information is also required on how the time burden most often felt by women is associated with other socio-economic or demographic factors, such as economic status and age.

LANGUAGES: English

Lessons learned: Pastoralism land rights and tenure

April 2016
This note describes the land tenure issues faced by pastoralists and how IFAD has dealt with some of these through its programmes and projects.