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Bangladesh

32

Projects

US$ 2022.2 million

Total project cost

US$ 781.7 million

Total IFAD financing

11,005,563

Households impacted

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The Context

Since gaining independence in 1971, Bangladesh has increased its real per capita income by more than 130 per cent and cut poverty by more than half. Yet it remains a low-income country with substantial poverty, inequality and deprivation.

Almost one third of the population lives below the poverty line, and poverty is highest in rural areas. Half of all rural children are chronically malnourished and 14 per cent suffer from acute malnutrition.

Although agriculture now accounts for less than 20 per cent of gross domestic product, the farm sector still employs about 44 per cent of the labour force. However, the amount of farmland is shrinking as the country urbanizes, and most rural households have little if any cultivable land. Rice, wheat, jute, fruits and vegetables are the main food crops, but farmers lack access to critical agricultural inputs such as high-yielding rice seeds.

With two thirds of its territory less than five metres above sea level, Bangladesh is particularly vulnerable to climate change. Poor people are hit hardest as they often live in poorly constructed housing and on land that is vulnerable to extreme weather.

The Strategy

IFAD has been investing in poor rural women and men in Bangladesh for almost 40 years. Our current approach is aimed at:

  • enabling poor people in vulnerable areas to better adapt their livelihoods to climate change;
  • helping small producers and entrepreneurs benefit from improved value chains and greater market access;
  • empowering marginalized groups, including poor rural women, both economically and socially.

IFAD invests in infrastructure that benefits extremely poor people in Bangladesh, especially women. We also invest in value chains that support landless and marginal farmers, smallholder producers and rural entrepreneurs. Participatory tools help to ensure the inclusion of women and indigenous peoples.

IFAD also has a number of research and grant-funded activities in Bangladesh, including partnerships with the International Rice Research Institute, WorldFish, World Food Programme, World Bank and Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. 

Country Facts

Over the last 40 years, cyclones and floods have affected more than 400 million people in Bangladesh.

Although agriculture accounts for less than 20 per cent of gross domestic product, the farm sector still employs about 44 per cent of the labour force.

Since 1979, IFAD has supported 31 programmes and projects in Bangladesh for a total amount of US$717.2 million, directly benefiting more than 10.7 million rural households. 



Projects and Programmes

Ongoing

Planned

Closed

Promoting Resilience of Vulnerable through Access to Infrastructure, Improved Skills and Information (Former CRCD)

COST: $92.4M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Promoting Resilience of Vulnerable through Access to Infrastructure, Improved Skills and Information (Former CRCD)

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National Agricultural Technology Programme - Phase II Project

COST: $220.4M - TAGS:

Research/Extension/Training: National Agricultural Technology Programme - Phase II Project

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Promoting Agricultural Commercialization and Enterprises Project

COST: $92.8M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Promoting Agricultural Commercialization and Enterprises Project

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Coastal Climate Resilient Infrastructure Project

COST: $169.5M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Coastal Climate Resilient Infrastructure Project

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Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project - Climate Adapation and Livelihood Protection

COST: $133.3M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Haor Infrastructure and Livelihood Improvement Project - Climate Adapation and Livelihood Protection

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Char Development and Settlement Project IV

COST: $89.2M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Char Development and Settlement Project IV

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Participatory Small-scale Water Resources Sector Project

COST: $119.8M - TAGS:

Irrigation: Participatory Small-scale Water Resources Sector Project

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Smallholder Agricultural Competitiveness Project

COST: $66.5M - TAGS:

Smallholder Agricultural Competitiveness Project

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National Agricultural Technology Project

COST: $84.5M - TAGS:

Research/Extension/Training: National Agricultural Technology Project

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Finance for Enterprise Development and Employment Creation Project

COST: $57.8M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Finance for Enterprise Development and Employment Creation Project

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Market Infrastructure Development Project in Charland Regions

COST: $43.9M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Market Infrastructure Development Project in Charland Regions

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Microfinance for Marginal and Small Farmers Project

COST: $29.7M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Microfinance for Marginal and Small Farmers Project

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Microfinance and Technical Support Project

COST: $20.2M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Microfinance and Technical Support Project

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Sunamganj Community-Based Resource Management Project

COST: $34.3M - TAGS:

Agricultural Development: Sunamganj Community-Based Resource Management Project

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Smallholder Agricultural Improvement Project

COST: $25.7M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Smallholder Agricultural Improvement Project

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Aquaculture Development Project

COST: $23.8M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Aquaculture Development Project

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Third Rural Infrastructure Development Project

COST: $178.8M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Third Rural Infrastructure Development Project

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Agricultural Diversification and Intensification Project

COST: $32.4M - TAGS:

Agricultural Development: Agricultural Diversification and Intensification Project

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Small-scale Water Resources Development Sector Project

COST: $66.0M - TAGS:

Irrigation: Small-scale Water Resources Development Sector Project

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Employment-Generation Project for the Rural Poor

COST: $21.9M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Employment-Generation Project for the Rural Poor

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Netrakona Integrated Agricultural Production and Water Management Project

COST: $13.7M - TAGS:

Agricultural Development: Netrakona Integrated Agricultural Production and Water Management Project

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Special Assistance Project for Cyclone Affected Rural Households

COST: $20.7M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Special Assistance Project for Cyclone Affected Rural Households

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Smallholder Livestock Development Project

COST: $15.1M - TAGS:

Livestock: Smallholder Livestock Development Project

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Grameen Bank Phase III Project

COST: $105.7M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Grameen Bank Phase III Project

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Oxbow Lakes Small-Scale Fishermen Project

COST: $11.1M - TAGS:

Fisheries: Oxbow Lakes Small-Scale Fishermen Project

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Marginal and Small Farm Systems Development Crop Intensification Project

COST: $17.6M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Marginal and Small Farm Systems Development Crop Intensification Project

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Grameen Bank Project

COST: $50.5M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Grameen Bank Project

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Small Scale Flood Control, Drainage and Irrigation Project

COST: $14.2M - TAGS:

Irrigation: Small Scale Flood Control, Drainage and Irrigation Project

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North West Rural Development Project

COST: $55.4M - TAGS:

Rural Development: North West Rural Development Project

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Southwest Rural Development Project

COST: $30.5M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Southwest Rural Development Project

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Small Farmer Agricultural Credit Project

COST: $30.2M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Small Farmer Agricultural Credit Project

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Fertilizer Sector Programme

COST: $36.1M - TAGS:

Programme Loan: Fertilizer Sector Programme

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Pabna Irrigation and Rural Development Project

COST: $85.0M - TAGS:

Irrigation: Pabna Irrigation and Rural Development Project

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Spotlight

World Food Day 2017 - Changing the future of migration

When Mosammat Karfunnesa, 50, was raising her four sons in rural Bangladesh, she could not afford to send them to school, and her husband, a rural laborer, was often unemployed. But despite these challenges, Karfunnesa never gave up on wanting to make a difference for her family.

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Related news

Independent evaluation highlights IFAD-supported programme in Bangladesh produces significant results in rural poverty reduction

June 2015 - NEWS
Dhaka, 5 June 2015 – Development projects in Bangladesh supported by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) are making substantial

Event on evaluation of IFAD-financed rural development programme in Bangladesh

June 2015 - NEWS
Rome, 27 May 2015 – The Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh and the Independent Office of Evaluation (IOE) of the International Fund for

New project to improve incomes for poor people in rural Bangladesh

March 2015 - NEWS
Dhaka, 4 March, 2015 – A project to develop small businesses and employment opportunities through rural development investments in Bangladesh was formally

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Related publications

Investing in rural people in Bangladesh

September 2017
IFAD has worked in Bangladesh for almost 40 years. It has supported 31 projects, costing a total of US$1,929.8 million, with IFAD financing of US$717.2 million.
LANGUAGES: English

ASAP Bangladesh factsheet

March 2016
Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries affected by climate change. During the monsoon period, the Haor region of Bangladesh becomes completely inundated with 4-8 metres of water for around 6-7 months of the year. Flash fl oods are common, and in some years 80-90 per cent of crops are lost because of extreme weather events. The situation is expected to worsen as a climate
change-related shift towards pre-monsoon rainfall is coinciding with the paddy rice pre-harvest period. This severely affects food output in the Haor, which provides up to 16 per cent of national rice production.
LANGUAGES: English

ASAP Bangladesh factsheet

September 2014
Bangladesh is one of the world’s most vulnerable countries affected by climate
change. During the monsoon period, the Haor region of Bangladesh becomes
completely inundated with 4-8 metres of water for around 6-7 months of the year.
Flash fl oods are common, and in some years 80-90 per cent of crops are lost
because of extreme weather events. The situation is expected to worsen as a climate
change-related shift towards pre-monsoon rainfall is coinciding with the paddy rice
pre-harvest period. This severely affects food output in the Haor, which provides up
to 16 per cent of national rice production.
 
LANGUAGES: English

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Related documents

Supervision mission, October 2017

TYPE: Supervision report
REGION: Asia and The Pacific

Climate Adaptation and Livelihood Production (CALIP)

TYPE: Interim (mid-term) review report
REGION: Asia and The Pacific

Supervision mission, May 2017

TYPE: Supervision report
REGION: Asia and The Pacific

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Contact us

For questions please contact Country Office Bangladesh,


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Videos

CHYiEUWSCuk
Bangladesh: Adapting to Climate Change
2NiR7f4ZtVg
Bangladesh: Small fish, big gains
https://youtu.be/CHYiEUWSCuk
Bangladesh: Taking back the pools