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Benin

12

Projects

US$ 359.1 million

Total project cost

US$ 172.7 million

Total IFAD financing

418,400

Households impacted

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The Context

Located in West Africa, Benin has a long frontier with its eastern neighbour Nigeria, and is bordered by Togo to the west and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north.

Many of Benin’s estimated 10 million people live in the port city of Cotonou, on the Gulf of Guinea.

The population is growing at 3.5 per cent a year and 56 per cent is rural. Around 60 per cent of people are aged 15-35. The pace of population growth is a big challenge: Benin is one of the poorest countries in the world, and its 2014 Human Development Index of 0.476 ranks it 169th of 187 countries

International support, and economic and structural reforms have helped Benin achieve growth in Gross Domestic Product of 4 to 5 per cent a year over the past two decades, but poverty is gradually increasing, reaching 40.1 per cent in 2015. Poverty is lower among female-headed households yet women are more vulnerable and lack economic opportunities.

Agriculture generates around 70 per cent of employment and 30 per cent of GDP, but is dependent on rainfall and vulnerable to climate change. An estimated 550,000 smallholdings averaging 1.7 hectares dominate subsistence farming of cereals and tubers.

A chronic lack of jobs in rural areas spurs youths to migrate to urban areas. Market gardening is a major direct and indirect source of jobs for young people and women in towns, their environs and rural areas, and has scope for development to meet a shortage of vegetables throughout the sub-region.

The Strategy

In Benin, IFAD loans support the Government in reducing poverty and improving the livelihoods of poor rural people.

Activities target the most disadvantaged households in rural areas. Our approach is based on the use of local service providers to support communities.

Key activities include:

  • improving access by small- and medium-sized rural operations to adapted financial services;
  • improving income for smallholder farmers and vegetable growers and enhancing  resilience to climate change through their integration into sustainable value chains for production, distribution and sale of flowers, rice, soya, pineapple, cassava, and maize;
  • helping farmer organizations and local associations take part in steering and managing economic development within their communes.

Country Facts

About 44 per cent of the people of Benin live in urban areas which are concentrated in the south.

Agriculture plays an important role in Benin's economy, generating 70 per cent of employment and 30 per cent of GDP.

Cotton is a vital cash crop, providing 5 per cent of GDP and 27 per cent of exports.

Since 1978, IFAD has supported 12 programmes and projects in Benin for a total of US$172.7 million, directly benefiting 418,400 rural households.



Projects and Programmes

Ongoing

Planned

Closed

Market Gardening Development Support Project

COST: $49.2M - TAGS:

Research/Extension/Training: Market Gardening Development Support Project

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Adapted Rural Financial Services Development Project

COST: $31.6M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Adapted Rural Financial Services Development Project

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Agricultural Development and Market Access Support Project

COST: $81.8M - TAGS:

Agricultural Development and Market Access Support Project

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Rural Economic Growth Support Project

COST: $47.8M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Rural Economic Growth Support Project

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Rural Development Support Programme

COST: $14.8M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Rural Development Support Programme

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Participatory Artisanal Fisheries Development Support Programme

COST: $26.0M - TAGS:

Fisheries: Participatory Artisanal Fisheries Development Support Programme

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Roots and Tubers Development Programme

COST: $19.3M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Roots and Tubers Development Programme

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Microfinance and Marketing Project

COST: $15.1M - TAGS:

Credit and Financial Services: Microfinance and Marketing Project

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Income-Generating Activities Project

COST: $14.3M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Income-Generating Activities Project

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Second Atacora Rural Development Project

COST: $17.0M - TAGS:

Agricultural Development: Second Atacora Rural Development Project

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Second Borgou Rural Development Project

COST: $66.2M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Second Borgou Rural Development Project

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Atacora Province Rural Development Project

COST: $17.0M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Atacora Province Rural Development Project

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Borgou Province Rural Development Project

COST: $41.0M - TAGS:

Rural Development: Borgou Province Rural Development Project

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Spotlight

Celebrating International Youth Day 2015

Today's generation of young people – defined by the United Nations as those aged 15 to 24 – is the largest in history.

An estimated 87 per cent of the world's young people live in developing countries, and the majority live in rural areas.

However, in the world's poorest countries, opportunities for youth are often limited or non-existent, leaving them  marginalized politically, economically and socially.

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Related news

Le Président du FIDA, Kanayo F. Nwanze en visite officielle au Bénin

June 2014 - NEWS
L'agriculture, la sécurité alimentaire et l'emploi pour les jeunes en milieu rural au centre des discussions avec les autorités béninoises Rome,3 janvier

IFAD provides US$17.92 million to Benin for the Rural Economic Growth Support Project

December 2014 - NEWS
Rome, 21 July 2009 – A US$8.96 million loan and US$8.96 million grant from IFAD to the Republic of Benin for the Rural Economic Growth Support Project

Le Président du FIDA, Kanayo F. Nwanze en visite officielle au Bénin

June 2014 - NEWS
L'agriculture, la sécurité alimentaire et l'emploi pour les jeunes en milieu rural au centre des discussions avec les autorités béninoises Rome,3 janvier

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Related publications

African Postal Financial Services Initiative

April 2016
The African Postal Financial Services initiative is a joint regional programme launched by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the European Commission in collaboration with the World Bank, the Universal Postal Union (UPU) – a specialized United Nations agency for the postal sector, the World Savings Banks Institute/European Savings Banks Group (WSBI/ESBG) and the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF).
LANGUAGES: English, French

Investing in rural people in Benin

October 2011
Depuis 1981, le FIDA a financé 12 projets et programmes au Burkina Faso pour un montant total de 158,6 millions de dollars des États-Unis. Approuvé en septembre 2007, le nouveau Programme d’options stratégiques pour le pays (COSOP) du FIDA au Burkina Faso vise à mettre en place des systèmes institutionnels durables afin de promouvoir des opérations, des politiques et des investissements en faveur des ruraux pauvres centrés sur l’innovation et l’apprentissage. Les objectifs stratégiques du COSOP sont les suivants: • accroître et diversifier durablement les moyens d’existence des ruraux pauvres et des groupes marginalisés, en particulier des femmes, à travers le développement d’un secteur privé participatif au niveau local; et • renforcer la gouvernance décentralisée des biens publics, des services et des ressources naturelles et en garantir l’accès équitable.
LANGUAGES: French

Policy case study - Benin: Farmers’ organizations interview presidential candidates on agricultural development

November 2016
In Benin, agriculture plays a central role in the national economy, contributing 32 per cent of GDP and employing a large part of the workforce. Despite significant productive potential and a diversified agricultural sector (crop production, livestock, non‑timber forest products, fisheries), the country relies heavily on imports of food products, which represent 25 per cent of the total value of imports.
LANGUAGES: English

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Related documents

Rapport de Conception - Septembre 2012

TYPE: Project design reports
REGION: West and Central Africa

Rapport de conception de projet - Version finale

TYPE: Project design reports
REGION: West and Central Africa

Rapport de supervision, novembre 2016

TYPE: Supervision report
REGION: West and Central Africa

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Contact us

For questions please contact Loko Nsimpasi Luyaku,

Country Programme Manager and IFAD Country Representative,

+221 338596758 , l.nsimpasi@ifad.org


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