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Financing microenterprises led by women

marzo 2015
In Jordan, the success of a project co-funded by IFAD largely rested on how quickly rural women were able to learn about borrowing money and setting up and running their own small enterprises.

A Holistic Approach to Farming Research

marzo 2015
A Holistic Approach to Farming Research In Egypt, land productivity was improved by an IFAD project that created strong links between farmers, research and extension, and raised resource-use efficiency by integrating crops and livestock. The governorates of Fayoum, Beni Sueif and Minia in Upper Egypt extend for about 200 km along the Nile. In this area, land productivity is low and the potential for bringing additional land into production is limited. The only options available to raise the incomes of rural people living in the area are to improve land productivity and intensify land use. This is what an IFAD project has done through a project consisting of three main elements: 1) agricultural research; 2) the dissemination of research findings through extension activity; and 3) the provision of credit necessary to adopt new technologies. The project established an innovative Farming System Research Unit (FSRU), which operated with a holistic approach. That is to say, the FSRU carried out research activities that were adapted to farmers’ real needs and closely linked to extension delivery, and broadened its focus to include livestock – a relatively neglected area in Egypt.

Smart ICT for Weather and Water Information and Advice to Smallholders in Africa

marzo 2015
The primary objective of the project was to promote innovative approaches and ICT-based technologies for timely transfer of weather, water-and crop related information and advice to relevant end users in Africa for informed decision-making and enhanced negotiation capacity with water and farm-related service providers.

IFAD Policy on Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment

marzo 2015
This policy reinforces IFAD’s position as a leader in promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment in agricultural and rural development. It builds on IFAD’s experience and achievements in field operations and in the broader policy arena in promoting gender equality and women’s empowerment. The policy will provide IFAD with strategic guidance in systematizing, intensifying and scaling up its efforts to close gender gaps and improve the economic and social status of rural women in rapidly changing rural environments.

Investing in rural people in Ghana

marzo 2015
Ghana has the third largest IFAD country programme in the West and Central Africa region. The programme contributes to building inclusive and sustainable institutions, backed by pro-poor investments and policies as well as relevant innovation and learning. IFAD supports the main thrusts of the government’s Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda – including accelerated agricultural modernization, sustainable natural resource management and enhanced private-sector competitiveness. Its work also aligns with Ghana’s Medium Term Agriculture Sector Investment Plan on food security, income growth and other programme areas related to rural poverty reduction.

Investing in rural people in Somalia

marzo 2015
Somalia’s poverty and food security situation remains critical after years of conflict and natural disasters. Since the 1980s, IFAD has supported nine programmes in the country for a total of US$140 million. There is currently no country strategic opportunities programme for Somalia. However, the strategic objectives of IFAD interventions in Somalia can be summarized as follows: • Increase incomes and food security by supporting agriculture and related activities, improving access to water, sanitation and health care, strengthening the natural resource base and building rural financial services; • Identify and promote pro-poor investment mechanisms in rural areas for dissemination, replication and scaling up; and • Build the capacity of the diaspora and promote the transformation of people in the diaspora into agents of development through remittances – the portion of their earnings that migrants outside the country send home.

Enabling Land Management, Resilient Pastoral Livelihoods and Poverty Reduction in Africa

marzo 2015
The World Initiative for Sustainable Pastoralism (WISP) is a global knowledge and advocacy network that promotes understanding of sustainable pastoral development for both poverty reduction and sustainable environmental management. WISP was executed by the International Union for Nature Conservation (IUCN). The Programme built the capacity of pastoral institutions to engage in advocacy based on state-of-the-art global learning on sustainable pastoralism, enabling pastoralist institutions around the world to network and shared experiences and opportunities, and ensured that the voice of pastoralists remained central to policy discourse and learning.

Land tenure security and poverty reduction

marzo 2015
Land is fundamental to the lives of poor rural people. It is a source of food, shelter, income and social identity. Secure access to land reduces vulnerability to hunger and poverty. But for many of the world’s poor rural people in developing countries, access is becoming more tenuous than ever.

Effective project management arrangements for agricultural projects: A synthesis of selected case studies and quantitative analysis

marzo 2015
In 2013, IFAD commissioned a study to analyse project management arrangements for market‑oriented smallholder agriculture. As IFAD adapts to the changing development discourse, the organization has focused increasingly on improving Project Management Unit (PMU) arrangements in order to provide more effective and expanded management and technical skills. This review was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of PMUs and their alignment with the Paris Declaration principles, as well as to identify lessons or frameworks to guide future project management and implementation arrangements. It investigated five case studies drawn from different regions and types of projects.

IFAD in the Pacific - Partnering for rural development

febrero 2015
IFAD has been working in small island developing states (SIDS) for 35 years, financing investments for smallholder farmers and fishers. IFAD recognizes that small island developing states are different than other developing countries. They face constraints that are quite particular to their size, remoteness, insularity and ocean resource base. In the light of a changing world and new challenges faced by rural people living in SIDS, IFAD recently took the opportunity of the Global Conference on Small Island Developing States held in Samoa in 2014 to articulate its lessons learned and current approach to financing investment in rural people in its paper presented at the Conference, IFAD’s approach in Small Island Developing States.

Performance of IPAF small projects Desk review 2015

febrero 2015
The objective of the IFAD Indigenous Peoples Assistance Facility (IPAF) is to strengthen indigenous peoples’ communities and their organizations by financing small projects that foster their self-driven development in the framework of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and to generate lessons learned and approaches for replication and up-scaling.

Seeds of innovation: Tapping into the knowledge of indigenous peoples

febrero 2015
The Indigenous Peoples Assistance Facility (IPAF)1 finances small projects designed and implemented directly by indigenous peoples’ communities and their organizations. The projects are selected through global calls for proposals, based on a competitive process. In managing the IPAF when it was established in 2007, IFAD realized that the Facility was not only a grant-making mechanism, but it also contained a wealth of knowledge derived from the project proposals themselves. With its limited funding, the IPAF can support only a small number of these proposals. Thus, a knowledge-harvesting mechanism was set up with funding from the Initiative for Mainstreaming Innovation (IMI).

Nota sobre ampliación de escala: Seguridad de la tenencia de la tierra

febrero 2015
El acceso equitativo a la tierra y la seguridad de la tenencia de los grupos objetivo del FIDA son fundamentales para el desarrollo rural y la erradicación de la pobreza.

Smallholder livestock development: scaling up note

febrero 2015
La producción ganadera en pequeña escala se basa principalmente en explotaciones familiares y es crucial para los medios de vida de las personas pobres de las zonas rurales, la seguridad alimentaria y la creación de empleo. Los animales proporcionan alimentos para el consumo familiar, productos para la generación de ingresos y dinero en efectivo que puede obtenerse rápidamente cuando se producen situaciones de emergencia y crisis externas (que pueden deberse a condiciones climáticas, casos de enfermedad, inestabilidad de los precios, etc.). Los animales son activos importantes que satisfacen diversas necesidades de los pequeños productores (proporcionan estiércol, fuerza de tiro y de carga, etc.) y tienen asimismo un valor cultural y espiritual. Las aves de corral y los pequeños rumiantes suelen estar a cargo de las mujeres y les proporcionan beneficios directos.

Servicios financieros inclusivos en las zonas rurales Nota sobre la ampliación de escala

febrero 2015
El FIDA, que hace más de cuatro decenios que lleva a cabo intervenciones relacionadas con los servicios financieros en las zonas rurales en más de 70 países y ya ha invertido USD 1 100 millones en iniciativas de ese tipo, tiene una gran y variada experiencia en esa esfera, una red mundial de asociados que trabajan en las innovaciones más avanzadas y cientos de proveedores distintos que atienden las necesidades financieras de los hogares pobres de las zonas rurales, que son sus clientes. Más de 3 000 millones de personas de las zonas rurales todavía viven con menos de USD 2 al día. Problemas como las crisis económicas, la carestía de alimentos y el cambio climático afectan a las personas pobres de una forma desproporcionada. Los hogares pobres de las zonas rurales suelen quedar excluidos de las posibilidades de operar en el sector financiero forma.

Desarrollo agrícola resistente al cambio climático

febrero 2015
Procesos de ampliación de escala inteligentes en función del clima

Notas sobre ampliación de escala: Inclusión sostenible de pequeños productores en cadenas de valor agrícolas

enero 2015
En los próximos años la agricultura deberá ser objeto de cambios profundos para que pueda desempeñar sus múltiples funciones en un contexto caracterizado por condiciones ambientales cada vez más duras, cambios demográficos y transformación de mercados1 . Los sistemas agroalimentarios mundiales están atravesando por una rápida transformación hacia productos de mayor valor, normas de salubridad alimentaria más estrictas y una integración internacional y vertical más acentuada. Los países en desarrollo, especialmente, se enfrentan a factores de carácter técnico e institucional que pueden obstaculizar su participación en cadenas de valor emergentes. Pero al mismo tiempo, estos cambios traen también oportunidades para reducir la pobreza de quienes forman parte del grupo meta del FIDA: los pequeños productores rurales.

Nota sobre ampliación de escala: Instituciones y organizaciones de pequeños agricultores

diciembre 2014
La ventaja comparativa del FIDA reside en su experiencia en el trabajo a nivel de base, su comprensión de los obstáculos que afronta la población pobre en las zonas rurales, en particular los más vulnerables, y su capacidad de concebir enfoques integradores para el desarrollo económico y social. Un elemento fundamental del enfoque de desarrollo del FIDA consiste en la prestación de apoyo a las organizaciones de pequeños agricultores en zonas rurales como estrategia para el empoderamiento de la población rural pobre. Las organizaciones de pequeños agricultores sólidas e integradoras con un nutrido grupo de miembros son importantes asociadas de gobiernos, organizaciones no gubernamentales (ONG), donantes y agentes del sector privado que buscan nuevos mercados.

Africa Regional Workshop Report

diciembre 2014
Africa Regional Workshop in preparation for the Second Global Meeting of the Indigenous Peoples’ Forum at IFAD.

Foro de los Pueblos Indígenas en el FIDA

diciembre 2014
Taller regional de América Latina y el Caribe en preparación de la segunda reunión mundial del Foro de Pueblos Indígenas en el FIDA.

Case Study: Household approach for gender, HIV and AIDS mainstreaming, Malawi

diciembre 2014
This case study illustrates how the household approach for gender, HIV and AIDS mainstreaming has been used effectively in Malawi, highlighting how it has worked in a particular context. Links are provided to resources and online materials.

European Union Food Facility Programme IFAD-ECOWAS-ICRISAT

noviembre 2014
To address food security problems and soaring prices for basic commodities, in December 2008 the European Union launched a Food Facility totalling €1 billion spread over three years, from 2009 to 2011. Under this initiative, the regional programme IFAD-EU-ECOWAS Food Facility was established with a budget of €20 million. The regional programme covers a number of countries in West Africa. To assure food security and protect the population from recurrent crises, countries dependent on foreign aid for much of their food supply, such as Benin, Mali, Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, have designed strategies and programmes to support food security that are intended to increase food production through the intensification of strategic crops such as rice, cassava, yams and ground nuts, and widespread use of selected seeds and mineral fertilizers.

IFAD and Belgian Survival Fund Joint Programm - 25 years of cooperation

noviembre 2014
The Belgian Fund for Food Security (BFFS) was created by the Belgian Parliament in 1983 in response to the more than one million drought- and faminerelated deaths in East Africa. BFFS provides grants to pay for rural development projects, with a focus on food security and nutrition, in some of the poorest countries in Africa, helping extremely poor people to become healthier and more productive and lowering the risk that they will face starvation. The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), a specialized United Nations agency, was established as an international financial institution in 1977 as one of the major outcomes of the 1974 World Food Conference. It is dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of developing countries. Through low-interest loans and grants, it develops and finances programmes and projects that enable poor rural people to overcome poverty themselves.

The International Year of Family Farming (IYFF)

noviembre 2014
What is the International Year of Family Farming? Small family farms are the key to reducing poverty and improving global food security. The United Nations declared 2014 the International Year of Family Farming (IYFF) to recognize the importance of family farming in reducing poverty and improving global food security. The IYFF aims to promote new development policies, particularly at the national but also regional levels, that will help smallholder and family farmers eradicate hunger, reduce rural poverty and continue to play a major role in global food security through small-scale, sustainable agricultural production. The IYFF provides a unique opportunity to pave the way towards more inclusive and sustainable approaches to agricultural and rural development that: Recognize the importance of smallholder and family farmers for sustainable development; Place small-scale farming at the centre of national, regional and global agricultural, environmental and social policies; Elevate the role of smallholder farmers as agents for alleviating rural poverty and ensuring food security for all; as stewards who manage and protect natural resources; and as drivers of sustainable development.

Lessons learned: Strengthening smallholder institutions and organizations

noviembre 2014
This note highlights the lessons learned in supporting smallholder institutions and organizations.

Burundi: Country Technical Note on Indigenous Peoples’ Issues

noviembre 2014
The Twa “Pygmy” of the Republic of Burundi are a small minority of around 80,000 people that self-identify as indigenous and are considered as such by the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights and the UN system.

How to do note: Analyse and strengthen social capital

noviembre 2014
This How To Do Note guides design and country teams in conducting an initial analysis of organizations and their capacity development needs at the project design stage. It provides a conceptual framework and practical suggestions and tools to help practitioners systematically collate and summarize information captured during design missions.

Pequeñas explotaciones, gran impacto: integración sistemática de la adaptación al cambio climático para aumentar la capacidad de resistencia y fomentar la seguridad alimentaria

noviembre 2014
El cambio climático pone en peligro la base de recursos naturales de la mayor parte del mundo en desarrollo, acelera la degradación de los ecosistemas y convierte la agricultura en una actividad más arriesgada. En consecuencia, los pequeños agricultores, que desempeñan una función sumamente decisiva en la seguridad alimentaria mundial, se enfrentan a un clima cada vez más extremo. Los pequeños agricultores se ven afectados de una forma más directa por las sequías, las inundaciones y las tormentas, a la vez que sufren los efectos paulatinos del cambio climático, como el estrés hídrico en los cultivos y la ganadería, la erosión costera debida al aumento del nivel del mar y la imprevisibilidad de las infestaciones de plagas.

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