Climate and environment
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Smallholder farmers and poor rural people bear the brunt of climate change and the degradation of natural resources. Extreme weather events, such as droughts, storms and floods, are putting pressure on the ecosystems that farmers depend on, as are gradual processes such as rising sea levels and melting glaciers.
Crop failures and livestock deaths are causing economic losses and undermining the food security of rural people with ever-greater frequency, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa.
At the same time, the rapidly growing global population demands higher levels of food production. To meet the world’s growing needs, agricultural production must double by 2050, food waste must be reduced and value chains have to become sustainable and efficient.
The ecosystems on which smallholder farmers rely are increasingly undermined. Access to suitable agricultural land is declining, and forest, soil and water resources are increasingly restricted and degraded.
Many farmers produce on marginal, rainfed land, where water is increasingly scarce. Pollution and overexploitation are causing a serious decline in fish populations, threatening essential sources of income and nutrition.
Improving farming practices and safeguarding the environment
Poor farmers and fishers are guardians of natural resources. With targeted assistance, agriculture, forestry and fishery sectors can play a key role in tackling environmental degradation and climate change.
Improving land management and adjusting farming practices can help alleviate pressure on the environment and lower greenhouse gas emissions.
Farming systems that embrace sustainable intensification practices can increase crop tolerance, diversify production and hinder environmental degradation.
Sustainable agricultural intensification
IFAD promotes agricultural growth that is environmentally sustainable and integrated into ecosystems. We help farmers and fishers become more resilient to the impact of climate change.
IFAD’s Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme is the largest global climate adaptation programme for smallholder farmers. We channel climate and environmental finance to smallholder farmers, helping them to reduce poverty, enhance biodiversity, increase yields and lower greenhouse gas emissions.
IFAD is also an executing agency of the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and of the Green Climate Fund (GCF). These are among the main financial mechanisms for addressing the intertwined issues of poverty alleviation, sustainable ecosystem management and climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Through these programmes, IFAD works with our partners to scale up successful approaches to sustainable agricultural production and green value chains. These approaches build climate resilience by managing competing land-use systems while reducing poverty, enhancing biodiversity, increasing yields and lowering greenhouse gas emissions.
Investing in youth for a sustainable future in agriculture and Food Systems: A dialogue on the way forward
This event will discuss how the new EU-IFAD partnership agreements can be used to promote agro-ecological approaches and other sustainable agricultural practices among youth.
Initiatives and facilities
Lead Technical Specialist - Environment & Climate Cluster Coordinator
Senior Technical Specialist - SECAP, Environment, Climate, Gender and Social Inclusion Division
Nutrition View more link
Stories and news
Stories and news
It’s not too late to prevent the worst-case scenario
When the world is drying up, every drop of water counts
As Cyclone Freddy breaks records, vulnerable rural people are in the eye of the storm
Time to step up investments in rural communities on the frontline of climate change in the Pacific islands
Climate View more link
IFAD Research Series No. 88: The Impact of Climate Change on Livestock Production in Mozambique
IFAD Research Series No. 89: Incorporating the Impact of Climate and Weather Variables in Impact Assessments: An Application to an IFAD Climate Change Adaptation Project in Viet Nam
The enhanced Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP+)
Type: Policies and Strategies, Strategy
For questions please contact Brian J. Thomson,
Knowledge Management and Communication Manager,
+39 0654592282 and mobile: +39 366 6121101, firstname.lastname@example.org