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Food loss reduction

The challenge

A significant share of the food produced in developing countries gets lost along the supply chain, before it reaches the market. This is true for all agricultural commodities, including fruit and vegetables, grains and pulses, meat and dairy, fish and animal products.  

Such food loss has negative impacts on the livelihoods, nutrition and food security of millions of smallholder farmers. Also considering the waste of resources used to grow this lost food, the economic and environmental cost related to this loss is very high.

Food loss reduction offers a clear opportunity to improve global food security, without putting additional pressure on the environment.

Women drying rice in Pach Bibi. Joypur Haat.

The solution

IFAD programmes have long supported the reduction of food losses in developing countries. Between 2013 and 2016 IFAD allocated US$433 million, or 12 per cent of total loan disbursement, to on and off-farm post-harvest infrastructure, equipment and capacity building of stakeholders across all value chains. These investments, together with value chain interventions to improve market access and access to rural finance, are essential to enable smallholder farmers to reduce their losses.

IFAD has also partnered with a range of donors to scale-up its work and impact on food loss reduction, with a strong focus on research and innovation. Such partnerships have been funded by DFID, the Irish Government, SDC and the Rockefeller Foundation and involved collaborations with other UN Rome-based agencies. Other agencies have partnered with IFAD and Member States under investment programmes to improve infrastructure geared towards food loss reduction.

Using the FAO Food Loss Assessment methodology, IFAD and its partners have been identifying the critical loss points along commodity value chains, and generating knowledge on where and how to reduce food loss. Research focused on different commodity value chains in Malawi, Ethiopia, Timor-Leste, Uganda, Burkina Faso and DRC. Through a SDC-funded partnership with FAO and WFP, IFAD has further contributed to the development of a web-based global knowledge platform, the Community of Practice on food loss reduction.


Call for proposals: Small Fish Grant

This call for proposals is to select a recipient or consortium of recipients to receive a three-year IFAD grant financing to implement the project: Promoting sustainable technologies and marketing strategies to increase incomes and reduce food losses in small fish systems for a total amount of up to US$2.5 million.

Related publications

The Food Loss Reduction Advantage: Building sustainable food systems

September 2019
Around one third of the food globally produced is estimated to be lost or wasted along the supply chain. These losses affect disproportionally developing countries.

Food loss analysis: causes and solutions – Case studies on sorghum, maize and cowpea in Burkina Faso

September 2019

The objective of this study is to estimate the qualitative and quantitative losses along the sorghum, maize and cowpea supply chains, to highlight the critical points of losses and to identify the main causes of the losses. 

Food loss analysis: causes and solutions – The Republic of Uganda. Beans, maize, and sunflower studies

September 2019
This report illustrates the food loss assessment studies undertaken along the maize, sunflower and beans supply chains in Uganda in 2015-16 and 2016-17. 

Related project


Timor-Leste Maize Storage Project
Read More


Coastal Community Development Project
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Climate-Resilient Post-harvest and Agribusiness Support Project
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Related videos

Rwanda: Reducing Food Loss in a Changing Climate
In Brief: Saving Crops in a Changing Climate (Rwanda)
Indonesia: Zero Waste

Contact us

For questions please contact Leonardo Cini, Consultant, Sustainable Production, Markets and Institutions Division,, +39 0654592421