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Bolivia (Plurinational State of)


Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 337.7 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 163.97 million

Total IFAD financing


Households impacted

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The Context

Over the past 10 years, the Bolivian economy has posted steady growth, mainly due to public investment in health, education, productive infrastructure in rural areas, social security and remittances from abroad. In general, the standard of living has improved; however, rural populations, representing still 32,51 per cent of the total population, are not fully benefitting from Bolivia’s economic development.

As a result, rural poverty continues to be severe, with 53,9 per cent still living in moderate poverty and 33,4 per cent in extreme poverty according to National Statistics Institute data.Rural people face a number of challenges. High levels of migration from rural to urban areas, particularly among men and young people, leaving heavier workloads for women and older adults. Additionally, these remaining rural populations face difficulties, in terms of access to land, especially for women and young people, reduced productivity, fragmented land tenure and the effects of climate change, further increasing vulnerability.

Although smallholder producers provide 70 per cent of the population’s food needs, recent studies show that increased industrial farming is threatening the sustainability of family farming. Food production for national consumption is still very important, but it is rapidly losing ground to imported foods due to its inefficiencies and low competitiveness.

Rural development also faces major environmental challenges as a result of pressures on natural resources, deforestation as a result of the  expanding agricultural frontier, deteriorating soils and water contamination.

The Strategy

In Bolivia, IFAD loans support strong pro-family farming policies and programmes that aim to ensure national food security and inclusive, sustainable rural transformation.
Activities target disadvantaged groups such as women, youth and indigenous peoples.

IFAD, in partnership with the Government of Bolivia, designs programmes that focus on strengthening the capacities of rural organizations to assist smallholder farmers in developing profitable rural businesses and the development of tools and strategies to help cope with the challenges posed by climate change.

Key activities include:

  • developing the technical and business skills of rural organizations;
  • introducing technological innovations to add value to agricultural products by improving their quality and helping smallholder producers to be more competitive; and
  • facilitating the development of public-private partnerships  that help smallholder producers to gain access to markets.
  • In response to the environmental challenges that severely impact the country’s rural areas, IFAD projects build capacities of local and communal authorities to better plan and invest in resilience. IFAD also promotes the use of traditional and local knowledge, as well as innovative practices, to foster sustainable management of natural resources.


Country Facts

  • Poverty declined nationwide from about 59,6 per cent in 2005 to 34,6 per cent in 2018, whereas extreme poverty diminished from 36,7 per cent to 15,2 in the same period.In the rural areas 53,9 per cent lives in poverty and 33,4 per cent in extreme poverty.Bolivian smallholder producers provide 70 per cent of the population’s food needs, but agricultural productivity is not responding to the needs of the growing population.
  • Food security and sustainable agricultural practices are relevant for the country as 16% of its children suffer chronicmalnutrition. Since 1979, IFAD has invested a total of US$185 million in 15 programmes and projects related to agricultural development in Bolivia, benefiting more than 290,000 households.

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Country documents

Country strategic opportunities programme

Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Plurinational State of Bolivia Country strategic opportunities programme 2015-2020

Type: Regional and country document, Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: Latin America and the Caribbean

Projects and Programmes

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found

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Bolivia and IFAD team up to improve the lives of rural poor people

November 2018 - NEWS
Cornelia Richter, Vice-President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), begins a four-day visit to Bolivia today to meet with government officials and development partners to discuss ways to strengthen alliances and have a greater impact on the lives of rural poor people in the country.

UN agency scales up support for llama and alpaca farming in the Bolivian High Plateau

January 2016 - NEWS
An agreement signed recently between the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the government of Bolivia will help 30,000 poor rural

UN agency to help Bolivian government raise economic prosperity in rural areas

January 2016 - NEWS
Together with the government of Bolivia, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) will strive to make rural areas more prosperous over

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ASAP Bolivia factsheet

September 2014
ASAP resources are complementing the first component (natural resource management, investment in assets and enterprise development) of ACCESOS. 

Soy papa no papá: Historias de cambios destacables y resultados del proyecto FIDA-CIP Andes

June 2019
La historia de Gaby Quispe es la historia de lo que buscaba el proyecto FIDA-CIP-Andes. Su historia de cambio fue calificada entre sus pares de la organización de productores y por los socios y aliados del proyecto como la que mejor representa lo que buscaba la intervención. 

Impact assessment: Plan VIDA-PEEP to Eradicate Extreme Poverty – Phase I

March 2019
From 2011 to 2016, the Plan VIDA project in Bolivia was implemented to address extreme poverty in rural areas by increasing the incomes and assets of rural people in the departments of Potosí and Cochabamba of the Plurinational State of Bolivia