Burkina Faso

IFAD Asset Request Portlet


Burkina Faso


Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 674.02 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 333.8 million

Total IFAD financing


Households impacted

The Context

Burkina Faso is a landlocked country lying between Ghana to the south and Mali to the north, with limited natural resources. The GDP per capita was just US$774.84 in 2019 and its population, estimated at almost 21 million in 2020, is growing at 2.86 per cent a year.

The economy relies heavily on agriculture, which employs about 80 per cent of the workforce, according to the World Bank. Cotton is the main cash crop, while gold exports have gained importance in recent years.

GDP growth in the decade to 2016 averaged 6.82 per cent, but fell to 5.68 per cent in 2019 due to security threats and the outbreak of the COVID-19.

Poverty declined from 47 per cent in 2009 to nearly 40 per cent in 2014, but remains widespread in rural areas. Poverty is more common and more severe among women, who often have limited access to land and decision-making.

Some of the main causes of rural poverty in Burkina Faso include:

  • shortage and poor quality of arable land
  • poor communication and transport networks
  • wide fluctuations in climatic conditions
  • low productivity in a subsistence farming regime.

The Strategy

In Burkina Faso, IFAD loans help build inclusive and sustainable institutions underpinned by pro-poor investments and policies and appropriate innovation and education.  

Key activities include:

  • enhancing and diversifying the livelihoods of rural poor and marginalized groups, especially women, in a sustainable way through inclusive local private-sector development; and
  • enhancing decentralized governance of, and equitable access to, public goods, services and natural resources.

IFAD works with the Government to tackle challenges and develop operational strategies and policies based on best practices, feeding knowledge and ideas into policy development.

By working at various levels, we help the Government create an environment which facilitates efforts by local people to reduce rural poverty.

Country Facts

Burkina Faso relies heavily upon agriculture, which employs close to 80 per cent of the workforce.

Since 1981, IFAD has supported 13 programmes and projects in Burkina Faso totalling US$238.7 million, directly benefiting 506,200 rural households.

Country documents

Related Assets

Note de Stratégie de Pays Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: West and Central Africa
Burkina Faso Country Strategic Opportunities Programme 2019-2024 Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa

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Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

PLANNED Under design after concept note approval

APPROVED Approved by the Executive Board or IFAD President

SIGNED Financing agreements signed

ONGOING Under implementation

CLOSED Completed/closed projects

No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found
No matching projects were found

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Food loss analysis: causes and solutions – Case studies on sorghum, maize and cowpea in Burkina Faso

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Weather patterns are becoming more unpredictable in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso. Farmers say the rainy season that once began regularly in June is often delayed and when the rain finally does come the sudden force and volume of water can cause flooding and destroy crops.