Mauritania

IFAD Asset Request Portlet

Country

Mauritania

16

Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects

US$ 393.12 million

Total Project Cost

US$ 163.41 million

Total IFAD financing

343,470

Households impacted

The Context

Mauritania spreads across 1,030,700 km2 of West Africa, more than two thirds of which is desert. Its 4 million people are rapidly urbanising, but half of the population derive their livelihoods from raising crops and livestock and fishing, according to World Bank 2013 data.

With an annual growth rate of 2.8 per cent in 2013, the population is very young, with 40 per cent under 15 years of age, 60 per cent under 25 and only 5 per cent over 60.

Firm prices for exports of oil, iron ore and copper delivered growth of up to 6.5 per cent a year in the 15 years until 2014, with improvements in fishing and farming.

Forty-one per cent of the population lives in rural areas, and half depend on agriculture for their income. Farming generates 25 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP).

The national poverty rate fell from 51 per cent in 2000 to 31 per cent in 2014. But 74 per cent of the poor live in rural areas and in the south 44.4 per cent of people live in poverty, while nationwide more than a fifth of children under five suffer chronic malnutrition.

Mauritania is self-sufficient in red meat and fish, but imports 60 per cent of other staple foodstuffs, especially rice, vegetable, sugar and cooking oil.

Mauritania is highly vulnerable to climate change, which amplifies droughts and flooding, and damages pastureland and non-timber forest products. 

The Strategy

In Mauritania IFAD loans aim to improve food security and nutrition, increase the incomes of poor rural households, create jobs and reduce the country's dependence on food imports.

Activities target poor rural households with a special focus on women and young people.

IFAD’s country strategy and approach has three main objectives:

  • reducing food and nutrition insecurity by promoting adoption of competitive production models, adapted to climate change and natural resources;
  • strengthening institutions which represent the rural poor; and
  • supporting the development of dialogue between all stakeholders in value-chains that are being targeted.

Key activities include:

  • strengthening organizations and institutions capacities and supporting communal and local development;
  • promoting linkages between supply and demand through better performing and more inclusive value chains;
  • advising farmers, including women and youth, to improve their production models and adapt them to climate change, restoring soil and making better use of surface and ground water. 

Results-based country strategic opportunities programme (COSOP) 
Arabic | English | French | Spanish

Country Facts

  • With an estimated population of four million and a land area of 1,030,700 km2, the population density of Mauritania is among the lowest in the world.
  • Half of the population relies upon agriculture for its income, and farming generates 25 per cent of GDP.
  • Since 1980, IFAD has supported 14 programmes and projects in Mauritania, investing US$136.2 million and benefiting more than 190,470 rural households.

Country documents

Related Assets

Programme d’options stratégiques pour le pays (2018-2024) Type: Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa
Note de stratégie de pays Type: Country strategy note (CSN), Country Strategic Opportunities Programme
Region: West and Central Africa
Note de Stratégie de Pays Type: Country strategy note (CSN)
Region: West and Central Africa

Expert-Country-Highrise (no delete)

Projects and Programmes

Projects Browser

Related news

Related Assets

IFAD joins with partners to build resilience and boost development in the Sahel

December 2020 - NEWS
IFAD is joining with FAO and WFP - as well as the G5 Sahel and the Green Climate Fund to revitalize economic activities and food systems in the Group of Five Sahel countries and in the Republic of Senegal.

IFAD and GCF scale-up action to improve life for millions of people and restore ecosystems in Africa’s Great Green Wall

January 2021 - NEWS
A new investment programme is planned to support Sahelian governments through a partnership between the Green Climate Fund (GCF) and IFAD in order to boost climate finance for these rural populations.

Increased investment in Sahel will boost development and resilience of rural populations

February 2021 - NEWS
About one million rural people in the Sahel region will benefit from a new joint programme, the first of its kind, IFAD announced today. The US$180.4 million Regional Joint Programme will revitalize economic activities and food systems in the Group of Five Sahel countries and in the Republic of Senegal.

Related stories

Related Assets

Related blogs

Related Assets

Related publications

Related Assets

Investir dans les populations rurales en République islamique de Mauritanie

June 2019
Depuis 1980, le FIDA a financé 14 projets et programmes en Mauritanie pour un coût total de 342,3 millions d’USD, dont 136,2 millions d’USD octroyés sous la forme de dons ou de prêts concessionnels.

Introducing solar-powered pumping in the oases of Mauritania

July 2015
Under the Programme de Développement des Oasis (PDDO), the Government of Mauritania, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) have introduced and piloted solar-powered water pumping for agricultural use in the oases.

Les petits barrages de décrue en Mauritanie: Recommandations pour la conception et la construction

July 2012
Ce manuel est un complément au “Manuel de suivi et d’entretien des petits barrages en Mauritanie” publié dans la même série.

Related videos

Related Assets